Presentation on theme: "AIM: How did Spain govern its South American colonies? Do Now: Answer the question below based on the quote. “Although a kingdom may be enriched by gifts."— Presentation transcript:
AIM: How did Spain govern its South American colonies? Do Now: Answer the question below based on the quote. “Although a kingdom may be enriched by gifts received, or by purchases taken from some other Nations… these are things uncertain and of small consideration when they happen. The ordinary means therefore to increase our wealth and treasure is by Foreign Trade, wherein we must ever observe this rule: to sell more to strangers yearly than we consume of theirs in value.” – Thomas Mun How does the discovery of the New World help Europe to follow this rule? Explain. HW: In a paragraph describe the lives of the Peninsulares, Creoles, Native Americans and African slaves.
Peninsulares Creoles MestizosMulattos Natives & Africans Spanish settler in the Americas Mixed Natives African A person of European Decent born in the New World
The Colonial Class System PeninsularesPeninsulares CreolesCreoles MestizosMestizosMulattosMulattos Native Indians Black Slaves
Spanish Colonization I.Political Results 1.Colonization: a country controlling the lands of another area. 2.Viceroy: Europeans who ruled the colonies. II.Economic Results 1.Encomienda System – system of forced labor initiated by Spain. A.Treated people harshly. 2.Columbian Trade – the transfer of goods from the New & Old worlds. A.Cultural diffusion. 3.Mercantilism: Economic theory to export more than you import. III.Social Results 1.Social Structure – 2.Jesuits: Catholic missionaries. A.Forced conversions. B.Native cultures were lost. 3.Native populations decreased A.Disease smallpox. B.Results in the African Slave Trade.
Use the map on pg. 77 to answer questions What is the title of the map? 2.Using the legend, what color is used to represent Spanish colonization? 3.What were the main economic activities of the Spanish colonies? 4.What was the latest city to be colonized on the map? 5.Why do you think there was no fur trapping in South America? Use the map on pg. 78 to answer questions What is the title of this map? 7.What were the three diseases that came to the New World? 8.How did the Columbian Exchange effect Europe’s economy? 9.Which type of product did the most items come from the Americas to Europe? 10. How does this map represent cultural diffusion?