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Late 19 th Century Germany world leader in chemical industry January 1915: Tear gas was used 22 nd April 1915: Chlorine gas used near Ypres by Germans.

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Presentation on theme: "Late 19 th Century Germany world leader in chemical industry January 1915: Tear gas was used 22 nd April 1915: Chlorine gas used near Ypres by Germans."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Late 19 th Century Germany world leader in chemical industry January 1915: Tear gas was used 22 nd April 1915: Chlorine gas used near Ypres by Germans

4 1.Write the heading: Gruesome Gas in WW1 2.Imagine that it is the 22 nd of April 1915 and you are a reporter for a local paper. You need to write a small blurb about the gas attack that has just happened at Ypres. 3.Make sure you have a catchy headline! 4.You can add in a cartoon to illustrate what’s happened if you want too!

5 All new ideas on gas came from the Germans Use of chlorine gas developed by Jewish scientist Fritz Haber Dec 1915: phosgene gas produced July 1917: mustard gas developed

6 Also invented nerve gas and Cyclon B Cyclon B used by Hitler to murder millions of Jews Haber died in Switzerland in 1934 Estimated 90,000 soldiers out of 9 million died as a result of gas – mostly Russians

7 Imagine you work for a shopping channel / catalogue company. The Allies and Central Powers want to buy weapons from the company and masks to protect their soldiers. You need to create a guide to the different gases available during WW1 and the different gas masks developed to defend against the poison gases used.

8 EXTRA ACTIVITY: Using a highlighter, highlight key points in the descriptions! To help you create your Gruesome Gas Guide, follow these steps: 1.Using the Gruesome Gas sheet, cut out the pictures and description boxes. 2.Match the type of gas and gas masks to the correct description. 3.Get these checked before you glue them down.

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10 Want to try and dissolve your enemy’s lungs? Then buy this product as of April 1915! When breathed in, it’ll create hydrochloric acid which will burn out your victim’s lungs! Heavier than air, when sent towards the enemy, it will create a green cloud and quickly fill their trench! Soon they’ll be writhing around in pure agony! WARNING! This product relies on the wind so it could blow back to you!

11 Coming hot foot on the trails of the chlorine gas in It’s a powerful derivative of chlorine, but unlike chlorine gas, this one’s invisible to the eye! This eye-watering product does exactly what it says on the shell. Irritate the eyes of your opponent to secure an easier victory! They won’t be able to see to fight back!

12 Want to do some SERIOUS damage and even burn out a man’s lung?!?! Then this gruesome gas is for you! New in for 1917, it’s a liquid that looks like sherry and smells of onions. DON’T BE FOOLED BY IT’S APPEARANCE! Even if a little gets onto a sweaty part of the body it will cause terrible burns and blisters!

13 Mustard gas put a stop to men wearing the kilt as battle uniform.

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15 The early gas mask is a very basic one. It is made up of a piece of muslin with a pad of cotton wool. When a gas attacks happens, all you need to do is pee on the pad and use it to cover your mouth and nose! With this mask, all the wearer needs to do is breathe in through the tin which is filled with chemicals. This filters out the gas. The tin of chemicals can be changed when used up or when a different type of gas appears.

16 This mask has a filter drum in front of the mouth, which forces the wearer to breathe both in and out through it. WARNING! It can be stuffy and awkward to wear when fighting. It’s made from heavily oiled leather which can be uncomfortable. This mask also has a filter, this time in a haversack which the soldier wears on his chest. This is linked to his mouth by a tube. The mask is traditionally made with canvas with shatter-proof eye pieces and a valve which allows the wearer to breathe out normally.


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