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History and Development of the European Union STRUCTURE: What is the E.U.? Facts Activities Legal History Future Credits.

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Presentation on theme: "History and Development of the European Union STRUCTURE: What is the E.U.? Facts Activities Legal History Future Credits."— Presentation transcript:

1 History and Development of the European Union STRUCTURE: What is the E.U.? Facts Activities Legal History Future Credits

2 What is the E.U. ? an international organization of European states established by the Treaty on European Union (the Maastricht treaty) in 1992 its current legal base is the Treaty of Nice which entered into force on February 1, 2003 the E.U. comprises a large number of overlapping legal and institutional structures, arranged by treaties

3 FACTS 25 member states (2004) area of 3,892,685 km² the eighth largest in the world EU Area is on 3 continents (Europe, South America and Africa) EU citizens: approximately 453 million (March 2004) third largest in the world after India and China

4 FACTS Belgium France Germany Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Denmark Ireland United Kingdom Greece Portugal Spain Austria Finland Sweden Cyprus Czech Republic Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Malta Poland Slovak Republic Slovenia The members are:

5 FACTS The important government cities of the E.U. are: Brussels: Council, Commission, Economic and Social Committee, Committee of the Regions Strasbourg: Parliament Luxembourg: Council, Court of Justice, Court of Auditors, Investment Bank Frankfurt am Main: Central Bank

6 FACTS flag: a circle of twelve golden stars on blue background the twelve stars symbolize the harmony and perfection and have nothing to do with the count of members the anthem is based on “Ode to Joy” from Ludwig van Beethoven's ninth symphony, which is based on Friedrich Schiller's “Ode an die Freude” due to the large number of languages in the EU, the anthem is purely instrumental and has no lyrics the motto of the Union is: United in diversity (in varietate concordia) the currency of the Union is the euro (€)

7 FACTS states using euro with own monetization: Germany Belgium Finland France Greece Ireland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Austria Portugal Spain Vatican City (No Member) San Marino (No Member) Monaco (No Member)

8 FACTS EUROPE DAY - May 9th on May 9th 1950, Robert Schuman presented his proposal on the creation of an organised Europe, this is considered to be the beginning of the creation of the European Union

9 Activities a common single market a customs union a single currency a common agricultural policy a common fisheries policy various initiatives to co-ordinate activities of the member states no internal borders (Schengen Treaty) a common policestructur (EUROPOL)

10 Legal history 1951 : European Coal and Steel Community 1957 : European Atomic Energy Community 1957 : European Economic Community (consolidated in 1992, after the Treaty on European Union, after the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam and again in 2002 after the 2001 Treaty of Nice)

11 Legal history The six founding members 1952/1958: Belgium France Germany (West) Italy Luxembourg Netherlands

12 Legal history

13

14 states joined in 1973: Denmark Ireland United Kingdom

15 Legal history

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17 states joined in 1981: Greece

18 Legal history

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20 states joined in 1986: Portugal Spain

21 Legal history

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23 in 1990: enlargement by unification of Germany

24 Legal history

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26 states joined in 1995: Austria Finland Sweden

27 Legal history

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29 states joined on May 1 st, 2004: Cyprus (Greek Part) Czech Republic Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Malta Poland Slovak Republic Slovenia

30 Legal history

31

32 Legal history/Future states joining in 2007: Rumania Bulgaria

33 Legal history/Future

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35 The European Policy Center (EPC) appraise in 2009 the joining of: Norway Iceland Croatia

36 Legal history

37 Legal history/Future

38 The European Policy Center (EPC) appraise in 2012 the joining of: Turkey Switzerland Macedonia

39 Legal history/Future

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41 The European Policy Center (EPC) appraise in 2020 the joining of: Albania Bosnia-Herzegovina Serbia Montenegro Kosova

42 Legal history/Future

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44 The European Policy Center (EPC) appraise in 2025 the joining of: Ukraine Byelorussia oldova Moldova

45 Legal history/Future

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47 Official intressted to join but expectable rejection by E.U. : Russia Georgia Azerbaijan Armenia Marocco Palestine Algeria Tunesia

48 Legal history/Future

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50 Credits Sources: Created by Bennet Schulte (721625) K2 TFH, Berlin 2004 UIN:


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