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AGE Eighth session, on May 22, 5-6 of June «PROBLEM ASPECTS OF DISCHARGING TAX AGENT DUTY IN TRANSFRONTIER CASES» Mikhaleva Maria Olegovna.

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Presentation on theme: "AGE Eighth session, on May 22, 5-6 of June «PROBLEM ASPECTS OF DISCHARGING TAX AGENT DUTY IN TRANSFRONTIER CASES» Mikhaleva Maria Olegovna."— Presentation transcript:

1 AGE Eighth session, on May 22, 5-6 of June «PROBLEM ASPECTS OF DISCHARGING TAX AGENT DUTY IN TRANSFRONTIER CASES» Mikhaleva Maria Olegovna

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS: 1.Issues defining…………………………………….………………………………3 2.Provisions devoted to a fiscal agent…………………………………...………….4 3.Tax resident certificate……………..………………………...……………………5 4. Certificate alternative……...……………………….…………………………… Ways of solving problems……………………….……………...………...………9 6. The procedure of obtaining tax resident certificate……………………….…… Ways of solving problems…….,,,,,……………………….……….…………..…15

3 LEGAL RELATIONSHIP INVOLVING FISCAL AGENT AND FOREIGN COUNTY RESIDENT TAXPAYER: 1 ST PROBLEM: Form and substance of tax resident certificate; 2 ND PROBLEM: The procedure of obtaining tax resident certificate; 3 RD PROBLEM: Fiscal agent duty to confirm taxpayer residency; 4 TH PROBLEM: Interstate collaboration of tax authorities in purpose to provide information interchange.

4 Provisions devoted to a fiscal agent: Article 24 of Tax Code of Russian Federation defines fiscal agent as a person who exercise duties of tax computation, tax deduction and tax transfer to the budget of Russian Federation. Russian legal entity (its subdivision); Permanent mission of foreign company; Individual entrepreneur. To control the propriety of tax computation, deduction and transfer Paragraph 3 of the Article obliges fiscal agent to file documents to tax authority. In that cases CERTIFICATE (note) of tax residency could be used.

5 Tax resident CERTIFICATE: Certificate (note) of tax resident provides: Exemption from taxation, tax privileges; Tax re-calculation according to status change; Tax rate estimation; Tax deductions, tax set-off. Official document issued and certificated by competent authority of the legal relationship subject residency state confirming its legal status in purpose of taxation according the provisions of Double Tax Treaty Agreement.. 1.Competent organs authorized to issue and certify the document are determined by Article 3 of every Agreement; 2.THERE IS NO DETERMINED FORM OF THE DOCUMENT/ It could be issued as a note or as a certificate SUBSTANCE AND FORM OF THE DOCUMENT ARE REGULATED BY NATIONAL LAW. Table 1 figured out the comparison of tax residency certificate (note) substance

6 : CountryTINLegal address Indicating the year The purposeThe subject of the receipt Period Belarus + + From which one TIN was assigned For agreements application The competent authority of a particular state the period is set Kazakhstan + - From which one TIN was assigned For agreements application - the period is set Kirghizia + + In which one he was a resident For agreements application The competent authority of a particular state - Russia + + In which one he was a resident For agreements application the tax authority of a particular state - Tajikistan + - From which one TIN was assigned For agreements application - the period is set Uzbekistan + + In which one he was a resident For agreements application The competent authority of a particular state -

7 Tax resident CERTIFICATE: 3. Certificated in a proper way : pastille; consular legalization. 4. With document translation from foreign language attached. Many of states especially Russian federation do not define substance characteristics of the document. "It is not defined the concrete information that residency certificate should contain as well as it's formal requirements are not described" ( the letter of Federal Tax Agency of RF from №OA-4- Such peculiarities could affect: delaying the term of document extension; nonacceptance of certificate by reason of inappropriate certification (Federal Arbitrage Court of Moscow region decision from №A / , FAC decision of North-West Federal District) and taxation in general order; accountability of fiscal agent.

8 CERTIFICATE ALTERNATIVE: Some of the countries accept information about foreign companies from international sources as their residency confirmation Table №2 CountryInternational publication BelarusBankers Almanac International Bank Identifier Code Airline Coding Directory Kazakhstandoes not accept Kirghiziadoes not accept RussiaBankers Almanac International Bank Identifier Code Tajikistandoes not accept Uzbekistandoes not accept

9 WAYS OF SOLVING PROBLEMS: Establish unified form of residency certificate and define criterions that it should conform to; According to the results of certificate substantial analysis performed in Table 1 it should be noticed that there are a number of significant differences between them that as a consequence could affect its application. Provide universal certificate invocation ; In the majority of states every issued certificate is addressed to the competent authority of the concrete country. To simplify the procedure and to save time the unified certificate could be issued that would be valid in all the countries-members of EurAsEC (Eurasian Economic Community). Rely on informational publications inclusive company constant location data as a certificate alternative. To simplify the procedure of certificate demand (getting information in short terms) fiscal agent could use reliable information from acknowledged Information publications inclusive essential for tax authorities data.

10 THE PROCEDURE OF OBTAINING TAX RESIDENT CERTIFICATE: National law of every state defines it's own procedure of obtaining tax resident certificate. Table 3 shows the comparison of certificate (note) obtaining procedure. (Process of receiving the note in Russian Federation could be complicated since tax authorities have a right to require unlimited list of papers from applicant. That could obviously delay the term of certificate receiving and as a consequence affect tax computation by fiscal agent). Table 4 depicts one of the most significant aspect concerning duty to submit the document. Currently legislative provisions of the countries vary. That's why there could be collisions in duty execution.

11 Countrylegal documentThe authority responsible for the issuance The term of issue Required documents Belarus Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus №156 "About unified list of administrative procedure approval" The tax Inspectorate of tax Ministry of the Republic of Belarus at the place of registration 5 daysApplication (with information about organization) Russia The information message of the Federal tax service of the Russian Federation "About the procedure of tax resident of Russian Federation status confirmation" Interdistrict IFTS of Russia for the data center, Moscow 30 days Apart from application inclusive information about company other papers could be required

12 о Countrylegal documentThe authority responsible for the issuance The term of issue Required documents Kazakhstan Standard of public service rendering "certification of taxpayer residency №469 Tax authorities in the regions, Almaty and Astana, which is the parent of the tax authority., in which the taxpayer is registered 30 daysApplication and confirmation that effective company management is located in the Republic of Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Order of the state tax Committee of RU on may 14, 2010 №139 State tax Committee of RU through district (city) Government tax inspection at the place of registration/ registration Using the interactive service 5 days ( 1 day the possibility of issuing, 1 day for transfer and 3 days for preparing). The statement, a copy of identification document (documents confirming the temporary registration in the state)

13 Countrylegal documentThe authority responsible for the issuance The term of issue Required documents Kirghizia The regulations, approved by Government Decree from , №298 The Ministry of Finance and his authorized representative 30 daysThe statement, a standard certificate on registration in tax authority of the Kyrgyz Republic

14 Тable№ 4 СтранаObligation Belarus tax agent/ the taxpayer is a foreign organization Kazakhstan tax agent Kirghizia the taxpayer is a foreign organization/ the authorized person, Is not entitled to come Russia the taxpayer is a foreign organization/ the tax agent passes the tax authority Tajikistan the taxpayer is a foreign organization/.private individual Uzbekistan the taxpayer is a foreign organization/ private individual

15 WAYS OF SOLVING PROBLEMS: Impose responsibilities discharging on foreign company-taxpayer; The general procedure of residency certificate receiving should be established; Based on mutual assistance among the states it is possible to unify the procedure of certificate obtaining in cases when foreign company – taxpayer doesn’t submit it to a fiscal agent. Tax authorities could exercise this procedure providing information interchange. This method would save time, decrease percentage of disputable cases and effectively avoid double taxation.


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