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EVs and E-Mobility, Technical Progress and Applications in China Prof. / Dr. SUN Fengchun National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicles Beijing.

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Presentation on theme: "EVs and E-Mobility, Technical Progress and Applications in China Prof. / Dr. SUN Fengchun National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicles Beijing."— Presentation transcript:

1 EVs and E-Mobility, Technical Progress and Applications in China Prof. / Dr. SUN Fengchun National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicles Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing Chief Expert of Beijing NEV Plan March 28th - 31st, Abu Dhabi ICAE2015

2 Electric Vehicles and Smart Transportation system Infrastructure Operation Vehicle key technologies in Electric Vehicles application: High-quality EVs, Highly-convenient charging service High-efficiency operation network, ICAE2015

3 EV Key Tech. To achieve technical breakthroughs in four aspects To achieve technical breakthroughs in four aspects  System  Powertrain  Battery System  Infrastructures Low efficiency Low power density and integration Short cycle life and high cost Limited application area and long battery charging time ICAE2015

4 Government supported EV technology projects EV development plans and policies EV innovation at BIT Outline ICAE2015

5 Zero Emmission Mult. Energies High Energy Eff. EV’s advantages Energy safety, 73 oil tankers on ocean CO 2 Reduction & anti smog ★ 1 of the 7 National strategic emerging industries Why Evs in China ?  2014 年: China oil consumption. 498mill. T , Input 310mill. T , Input dependency 59.6% 。 Smart Grid & Balance. V/P in Beijing 60%(Shanghai 40%) ICAE2015

6 In Beijing, Ca 36.%PM2.5 from Vehicles Emm. , No. 1 In Beijing, Ca 36.%PM2.5 from Vehicles Emm. , No. 1 数据来源:北京市环境保护监测中心网站、 IT 时代周刊 Why Evs in Beijing ? - anti smog & PM2.5 Local pollution Local pollution input pollution input pollution coal coal vehicles vehicles indus. indus. dust dust other other ICAE2015

7 Why do we develop EVs? : During China’s “ eighth Five-Year Plan”, the National EV Development Projects Began; Why……? Each public transit bus, for example in Beijing, runs 200km per day on average with an average fuel consumption of 45 liter/100km. An electric bus replacement would save 31,500 liters of gas a year and would achieve a net CO 2 emission reduction of 63 tons after subtracting of CO 2 emission from electricity generation. E-Buses In Beijing Fuel Saving /Year (liter) CO 2 Reduction /Year (ton) Net CO 2 Reduction /Year (ton) 2008 (50 EVs) 1,575,0003,7013, (100 EVs) 3,150,0007,4026, (300 EVs) 9,450,00022,20618,900 ICAE2015

8 R&D History: : During the “Ninth Five- Year Plan”, prototype electric concept cars was developed and prototype electric buses prototype electric buses were developed with the support of the national and Beijing municipal government programs. ICAE2015

9 : During the “Tenth Five-Year Plan”, the national government invested RMB 880 million in EV R&D. R&D teams were formed from numerous institutions and companies. The national government is responsible for overall planning, coordination, and cooperation. A balanced strategy was taken to develop pure EVs, Hybrid EVs, and Fuel Cell vehicles on the one hand, and to develop electric buses, electric cars, and key components on the other hand. Pure EVs Hybrid EVs Fuel Cell Vehicles BusesBuses CarsCars R&D History: ICAE2015

10 : During the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan”, RMB 1.2 billion was invested intensively in new-energy and energy-saving vehicles. Various kinds of electric vehicles and key components like battery packs and motor system were put in the market. R&D History: ICAE2015

11 2008~ EV Applications in China During the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, 455 pure electric, hybrid, and fuel cell buses and cars operated successfully in the central area of Olympic village and the gymnasiums Olympics in Beijing ICAE2015

12 Olympics park Charge/change Station North Loop Media Village GPRS GPS Central Loop A fleet of 50 E-buses was operated round the clock in the central zero-emission area. The target of zero-failure operation was well achieved. Application in Beijing Olympics 2008 ICAE2015

13 Applications in Shanghai Expo electric vehicles including 120 electric buses were operated in Shanghai Expo. Here the largest swap & charging station in the world provides charging service for pure electric buses, amounting to 60,000 times of charging and battery exchange. An average of 500,000 passengers take the buses each day. Shanghai Expo Charging station ICAE2015

14 Government supported EV technology projects EV development plans and policies EV innovation at BIT Outline ICAE2015

15 Promotion and application EVs and HEVs in China Promotion and application EVs and HEVs in China Beijing: = 17 (170 thousands ) from 2014 to 2017 Vehicle / Charging Points: 1 /1.1 from 2014 to 2017 Vehicle / Charging Points: 1 /1.1 from 2014 to 2017 ICAE2015 National Government: from 2016~2020(13 th 5 year plan) Ca. ¥ 6 billion for EV R&D.

16 : The aim is to expand the EV market and scales to 500,000. The Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST), The Ministry of Industries and Information Technology (MOIIT), Ministry of Finance (MOF) and National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) join efforts to support EV applications and marketing. National Policies and Plan: ICAE2015

17 EV oriented New-energy vehicle industry is listed among the seven national emerging strategic industries by the State Council. About 8 billion RMB will be invested on R&D by the national government (MOST) National Policies and Plan: ICAE2015

18 The “Ten Cities with One Thousand EVs Each” stimulus package has been approved and launched by the national government. Actually 26 cities have received national support by Stimulus policies for private EVs are being tried out in 88 cities by 2013, like Beijing, Shanghai, Hefei, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Changchun. ICAE2015

19 National Policies and Plan: Bus 车长 L( 米 ) 6≤L<86≤L<86≤L<86≤L<8 8≤L < 10 L≥10 E-Bus 300(B. 300) 400(B. 400) 500(B. 500) PL or RE Buses / 250(B. 250) Cap. or Li-titanate Bat. 150(B. 150) Subsidies For E-Buses from national Government and From Beijing in 2013 (in ¥ 1000) 5% decrease in 2014 , another 5% decrease in 2015 ICAE2015

20 National Policies and Plan: EV Range(EUDC 、 km) 80≤R < ≤R < 250 R≥250R≥50 E-Car35(B. 35)50(B. 50)60(B. 60) / PL or ER Car /// 35(B. 35) FC Car 200(B. 200) Subsidies For E-Cars from national Government and From Beijing in 2013 (in ¥ 1000) 5% decrease in 2014 , another 5% decrease in 2015 ICAE2015

21 Charging Station & Points Plan for E-Cars for more than 100,000 with < 2.5km & < 5 minutes to reach. EV development plan in Beijing Ch. St. & Points Location by APP ICAE % Subsidies for charging infrastructures from Government

22 Charging and Swap Station plan for Buses & Sanitation Vehicles EV development plan in Beijing ICAE2015

23 E-Car Rent Station on BIT Campus EV development plan in Beijing ICAE2015

24 BIT Achievements: EV Big Data Center BIT EV Big Data Center of Electric Vehicles Is in Operation in Beijing. It serves as the major part of technical supporting system for E-vehicles application. ICAE2015

25 Popularization and promotion of EV applications  Increase public awareness of the importance of new energy vehicles  Organize public activities and events such as new energy vehicle trial drive, fairs and exhibitions, symposiums etc. to create a social and marketing environment that would contribute to the popularization and promotion of new energy vehicles Supporting measures -- Beijing ICAE2015

26 Beijing has established a standardization system for EV charging infrastructures including 16 Local Standards EV development plan in Beijing ICAE2015

27 Government supported EV technology projects EV development plans and policies EV innovation at BIT Outline ICAE2015

28 What we have done: The National EV Lab at BIT has dedicated to the integration and the development of E-buses and other environment-friendly vehicles for 20 years and has received three National Prizes for Science and Technology. It is playing a key role in the battery-powered EV development in China. ICAE2015

29 An Overall Technical System of EVs ICAE2015

30 System integration & E-Bus Platform 1) Replacement of the traditional converting method with the overall system design to adapt to the characteristics of EVs systematization 2) Establishment of overall EV technical platform, integration and systematization of EV technologies BIT EV Platform ICAE2015

31 BIT Achievements: Vehicle integration control BIT E-commercial vehicle platform and series products by cooperation with bus companies.. ICAE2015

32  Integrated control system with a multi-level digital communication based on CAN bus and an integrated vehicular controller. BIT E-Bus Platform — Control ICAE2015

33 The high-Efficiency PMSM motor drive system with a liquid- cooling and a multi-motor integrated controller design, and with the characteristics of high power density (2.35kW/kg), large torque and high efficiency, high dynamic performance. The high-Efficiency PMSM motor drive system with a liquid- cooling and a multi-motor integrated controller design, and with the characteristics of high power density (2.35kW/kg), large torque and high efficiency, high dynamic performance. BIT E-Bus Platform — Motor Controll ICAE2015

34 Integrated motor and transmission system with a two-shift or three-shift AMT with the characteristics of no-clutch design, automatic shifting and systematic integration. Integrated motor and transmission system with a two-shift or three-shift AMT with the characteristics of no-clutch design, automatic shifting and systematic integration. BIT E-Bus Platform — AMT Transmission ICAE2015

35 Supplier’s expected SOC Range : 95%~30% ; User’s expected Range SOC : 100%~5% 。 Contr. Value Batt. Mantan. Or repl. Charging “broom” Effect Charging “broom” Effect Discharging “broom” Effect Discharging “broom” Effect Battery Pack — Charging & Discharging Control Battery Pack — Charging & Discharging Control ICAE2015

36 2) Battery Pack Connection & Cycle Life Battery Pack — Connections Battery Pack — Connections Low cycl. Life Low cycl. Life better cycl. life better cycl. life serial connected battery pack serial connected battery pack parallel connected battery pack parallel connected battery pack ICAE2015

37 BMS in Cold areas 200 Ah battery charging and discharging at low temperature ICAE2015

38 BIT E-Bus Platform – battery Pack safety High-voltage security technology and battery pack safety technology: A series of new technologies and security methods to guarantee safe and stable operation of the E-bus. High-voltage security technology and battery pack safety technology: A series of new technologies and security methods to guarantee safe and stable operation of the E-bus. Automatic Temperature & Voltage Safety Monitoring System for Individual Batteries Battery Pack Smoke Detector 4 Battery Safety Technology Battery Heat Dissipation & Flame Retarding 5 2 Battery Pack Quick Disconnect 3 Battery Pack System Anti-extrusion & Anti-collision Battery Pack System Anti-extrusion & Anti-collision ICAE2015

39 High-efficiency electric auxiliary systems with electric hydraulic power steering system, electric air pump and electric air conditioner system …… High-efficiency electric auxiliary systems with electric hydraulic power steering system, electric air pump and electric air conditioner system …… BIT E-Bus Platform – auxiliary ICAE2015

40 Olympics E-bus charge/exchange station E-Bus Operation in Olympics Battery Pack automatic exchange system: the ten-battery packs for one bus can be exchanged by two robots in only 6 minutes. ICAE2015

41 Distributed Drive Electric cars & commercial Vehicles by cooperating with Guangdong Automotive Group and Beijing Automotive Group etc. What we have done: ICAE2015

42 National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicles Beijing Institute of Technology 5 South Zhongguancun Street, Haidian District Beijing TEL: FAX: Thank You! ICAE2015


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