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  Between 200 B.C.E. and 200 C.E., the silk road facilitated commodity trade between which of the following pairs of empires?  A. The Roman and Incan.

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Presentation on theme: "  Between 200 B.C.E. and 200 C.E., the silk road facilitated commodity trade between which of the following pairs of empires?  A. The Roman and Incan."— Presentation transcript:

1   Between 200 B.C.E. and 200 C.E., the silk road facilitated commodity trade between which of the following pairs of empires?  A. The Roman and Incan  B. The Han and Spanish  C. The Roman and Han  D. The Mali and Byzantine Bell Ringer

2   The development and spread of Christianity and Buddhism before 600 C.E. had all of the following in common EXCEPT  A. both were outgrowths of other religions  B. both were aided in their spread by existing trade networks  C. the founders of both presented themselves as divine  D. both developed monastic orders to women Comparing Christianity and Buddhism

3   The arrival of Islam to India  - Mahmud of Ghazni  - Dehli Sultanate  Islam rule in India Agenda

4   Invaded by the White Huns. (Not Attila and his forces)  Gupta fell in at the end fifth century.  Hinduism and the Caste system survived.  Who are the white Huns?  nomadic invaders from central Asia; invaded India; disrupted Gupta administration. Collapse of the Gupta Empire

5   Islam reached India in the eighth century (701-800 C.E.)  Arab merchants had been active in India for centuries.  The Arab army reached India in the eighth century.  Indian Pirates + Muslim Ruler wanting apology – Ruler of Sind refusing = Arab army conquering much of India. The Arrival of Islam

6   End of the tenth century – rise of the state of Ghazni  Present day Afghanistan.  Founded in 962.  Mahmud takes power – 997. Empire of Mahmud of Ghazni

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9   Brilliant, ambitious.  Extended his rule from the Indian ocean (South) to the Upper Indus Valley.  Died 1030.  His royal court rivaled others ( Abbasid dynasty in Baghdad) Mahmud of Ghazni

10   Mahmud utterly ruined the prosperity of the country, performed wonderful exploits by which the hindus became like atoms scattered in all directions, and like a tale of old in the mouth of the people. Their scattered remains cherish, of course, the most inveterate aversion towards all Muslims. Not universally loved

11   Aristocratic Hindu clans.  Led by the Rajputs of Northern India.  Ghazni decline but Muslim state Delhi rise. Resistance

12   Islamic invaders of India call their leader Sultan.  Referred to as the Delhi Sultanate.  1206:  - Islam spread for about 200 years  - Sultan’s offended by the polytheism in Hinduism.  What would they try do to with the Hindus?  Non-Muslims had to pay a tax.  Hindu temples and persecution occurred. The Delhi Sultanate

13  Contrast Islam  Monotheistic  All people are equal under god  Cows are food Hinduism  Polytheistic  Caste System  Cows are sacred

14   Colleges were founded.  Irrigation systems were improved.  Mosques were built (help Hindu and Muslim architects and artist)  Considerable number of Hindus converted to Islam in Northern India.  Southern India – Kept Hindu traditions. Islam rule in India

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16   Ruler of the Mongols.  Destroyed everything in his path.  Sultanate was destroyed under his campaign.  Eventually Mongols left and the Sultanate restored.  Islam will continue to grow through the Mughal empire. Tamerlane – Timur Lang


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