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© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-1 Strategic Management Concepts & Cases Strategic Management Concepts & Cases 8 th edition Fred R. David Chapter 2: The Business Mission PowerPoint Slides By: Anthony F. Chelte Western New England College
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-2 Comprehensive Strategic Management Model Vision & Mission Statements Chapter 2 External Audit Chapter 3 Internal Audit Chapter 4 Long-Term Objectives Chapter 5 Generate, Evaluate, Select Strategies Chapter 6 Implement Strategies: Mgmt Issues Chapter 7 Implement Strategies: Marketing, Fin/Acct, R&D, CIS Chapter 8 Measure & Evaluate Performance Chapter 9
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-3 Vision & Mission That business mission is so rarely given adequate thought is perhaps the most important single cause of business frustration. —Peter Drucker—
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-4 Vision & Mission (Cont’d) Mission statement answers the question: “What is our business?”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-5 Vision & Mission (Cont’d) Vision statement answers the question: “What do we want to become?”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-6 Vision & Mission (Cont’d) Many companies develop both Shared vision can motivate employees Develops a commonality of interests Helps focus on opportunity & challenge
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-7 Developing Vision & Mission Clear mission is needed before alternative strategies can be formulated and implemented Important to have as broad range of participation as possible among managers in developing the mission
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-8 Examples Vision Statement “The Bellevue Hospital is the LEADER in providing resources necessary to realize the community’s highest level of HEALTH throughout life.”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 2-9 Examples (Cont’d) Mission Statement “The Bellevue Hospital, with respect, compassion, integrity, and courage, honors the individuality and confidentiality of our patients, employees, and community, and is progressive in anticipating and providing future health care services.”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Examples (Cont’d) Vision Statement “The Vision of USGS is to be a world leader in the natural sciences through our scientific excellence and responsiveness to society’s needs.” -U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)-
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Examples (Cont’d) Mission Statement “The Mission of USGS is to serve the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to Describe and understand the Earth; Minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; Manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life.
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Examples (Cont’d) Vision Statement “It is the vision of the California Energy Commission for Californians to have energy choices that are affordable, reliable, diverse, safe, and environmentally acceptable.”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Examples (Cont’d) Mission Statement “It is the California Energy Commission’s mission to assess, advocate, and act through public/private partnerships to improve energy systems that promote a strong economy and a healthy environment.”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Characteristics of a Mission According to Vern McGinnis, mission should: Define what the organization is Define what the organization aspires to be Limited to exclude some ventures Broad enough to allow for creative growth Distinguish the firm from all others Serve as framework to evaluate current activities Stated clearly so that it is understood by all
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Characteristics of a Mission (Cont’d) Effective mission statements: Broad in scope Generate range of feasible strategic alternatives Not excessively specific Reconcile interests among diverse stakeholders Finely balanced between specificity & generality
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Characteristics of a Mission (Cont’d) Effective mission statements: Arouse positive feelings and emotions Motivate readers to action Generate the impression that firm is successful, has direction, and is worthy of time, support, and investment
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Characteristics of a Mission (Cont’d) Effective mission statements: Reflect judgments re: future growth Provide criteria for selecting strategies Basis for generating & screening strategic options Are dynamic in orientation
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Customer Orientation A good mission statement reflects the anticipations of customers. Identify customer needs Provide product/service to satisfy needs AT&T’s mission focuses on communications, not telephones Exxon’s mission focuses on energy, not on oil and gas
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Social Policy & Mission Managerial philosophy and thinking at the highest levels in the organization reflect social policy. Affects development of vision & mission Responsibilities to consumers, environmentalists, minorities, communities, & other groups
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Social Policy & Mission (Cont’d) Social policy should be integrated in all strategic-management activities. Mission statement is an effective instrument for conveying the social responsibility of the firm.
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Components of Mission Mission statements vary in… Length Content Format Specificity Must include the 9 elements, as the mission statement is the most public and visible part of the strategic-management process.
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Components of Mission (Cont’d) Customers Products or services Markets Technology Survival, growth, and profitability Philosophy Self-concept Concern for public image Concern for employees
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Components of Mission (Cont’d) Components of mission and corresponding questions to be answered: Customers: “Who are the firm’s customers?” Products or services: “What are the firm's major products or services?”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Components of Mission (Cont’d) Markets: “Geographically, where does the firm compete?” Technology: “Is the firm technologically current?”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Components of Mission (Cont’d) Concern for survival, growth, and profitability: “Is the firm committed to growth and financial soundness?” Philosophy: “What are the basic beliefs, values, aspirations, and ethical priorities of the firm?”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Components of Mission (Cont’d) Self-concept: “What is the firm’s distinctive competence or major competitive advantage?” Concern for public image: “Is the firm responsive to social, community, and environmental concerns?” Concern for employees: “Are employees a valuable asset of the firm?”
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Importance of Vision & Mission Although research results are mixed, firms with formal mission statements… 2X average return on shareholder’s equity Positive relationship to organizational performance 30% higher return on certain financial measures
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Global Perspective Major Challenges in %39%24%Incr. flexibility & speed 3%9%26%Competing for talent 38%32%28%Engaging emp. in mission 41%32%29%Reducing costs 16%42%30%Managing M&As, alliances 3%28%44%Customer loyalty JapanEuropeUSA
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch Key Terms & Concepts Concern for employees Concern for public image Concern for survival, growth, and profitability Creed statement Customers Markets Mission statement Mission statement components Philosophy Products or services Self-concept Social policy Stakeholders Technology Vision statement
© 2001 Prentice Hall Ch. 1-1 Strategic Management Concepts & Cases Strategic Management Concepts & Cases 8 th edition Fred R. David Chapter 1: The Nature.
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