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Psychopathy and Finnish Forensic Psychiatry in the Early Twentieth Century Katariina Parhi, University of Oulu. katariina.parhi(at)oulu.fi Historical Perspectives.

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Presentation on theme: "Psychopathy and Finnish Forensic Psychiatry in the Early Twentieth Century Katariina Parhi, University of Oulu. katariina.parhi(at)oulu.fi Historical Perspectives."— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychopathy and Finnish Forensic Psychiatry in the Early Twentieth Century Katariina Parhi, University of Oulu. katariina.parhi(at)oulu.fi Historical Perspectives on ASPD. Queen Mary, 12th of May, 2014

2 2 What was meant by psychopathy in Finnish forensic psychiatry?

3 I should have left them [all those petty quarrels] already when I sacrificed my innocent children to get rid of all this evil, stupid, dirty and low with them. But last winter I was still crazy…in a way. J., a prisoner diagnosed with degeneratio psychopathica 3

4  diagnosis essential in the development of Finnish forensic psychiatry  ”- - deviant individuals, also known as psychopaths, - - criminality had emanated from them also before their evident insanity” Ernst Therman (1914)  Akseli Nikula (1922): most of the insane criminals are so called borderlines: psychopaths 4

5 5 Psychiatric Hospital for Prisoners in Turku, Finland Photo: Psychiatric Hospital for Prisoners

6 6 [The patient] who does not even belong in this hospital, is to some extent a lowly, psychopathic person, who might have immense outbursts, but has not showed any kind of symptoms of a mental illness while being here, and can therefore, with success, get along in prison, where there are most probably means to mute and calm down outbursts that are too loud.

7  Patients who crossed the border of ”normality”  Prisoners, who needed to be constantly monitored, who were acting violently or disturbingly, whose political views were in conflict with the prison staff, whose symptoms did not did not fit the description of any other diagnosis’ symptomatology 7

8 Anomalies, mostly those seen as antisocial behaviour, grouped into a scientific disease entity 8


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