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Literature of the 17 th Century. The 17 th Century  early modern period of Europe Dutch Golden Age of Art Golden Age of French Civilization (French Grand.

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Presentation on theme: "Literature of the 17 th Century. The 17 th Century  early modern period of Europe Dutch Golden Age of Art Golden Age of French Civilization (French Grand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Literature of the 17 th Century

2 The 17 th Century  early modern period of Europe Dutch Golden Age of Art Golden Age of French Civilization (French Grand Siècle) English Civil War

3 French Literature French theatre reached its peak The reign of Louis 14

4 Drama  Moière  comedy  Misanthrope, The Miser  satire the corruption of French nobility

5 Drama  Jean Racine  Tragedy  Phaedra

6 Drama  Pierre Corneille  tragedy  El Cid

7 French theatre

8 England in 17 th Century  Jacobean Period ( )  James I  Caroline Period  Charles I

9 James I, Charles I

10 England in 17 th Century  English Civil War ( )  defeat of the Royalists  dethronement of Charles I  Commonwealth Period

11 English Civil War puritans, parliament VS royalists

12 Commonwealth Period ( )  Oliver Cromwell  Lord Protector

13 Oliver Cromwell

14 Restoration Period ( )  after the death of Oliver Cromwell  the parliament restored the monarchy  Charles II  Restoration Period

15 Restoration Period ( ) King Charles II

16 English Literature of the 17 th Century  1. Poetry 2. Prose 3. Drama

17 Poetry  1)Cavalier Poet, Caroline Poet 2) Puritan Poet

18 Poetry  Cavalier Poets, Caroline Poets  Cavalier Poets  courtiers/ knights of Charles I Caraoline Poets  Carolus  Latin name of Charles I

19 Cavalier Poets  Robert Herrick  1,400 poems  Counsels to Girls or To the Virgin to Make Much of Time

20 Robert Herrick  Counsels to Girls or To the Virgin to Make Much of Time  carpe diem concept/ theme  a philosophy that recognizes the brevity of life, we should live for and enjoy the pleasures of life in the present, without concern for the future

21 Gather ye rosebuds while ye may : Old Time is still a-flying; And this same flower that smiles to-day To-morrow will be dying. The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun, The higher he’s a-getting, The sooner will his race be run, And nearer he’s to setting That age is best which is the first, When youth and blood are warmer; But being spent, the worse, and worst Times still succeed the former. Then be not coy, but use your time, And while ye may, go marry; For having lost but once your prime, You may forever tarry.

22 Cavalier Poet  Sir John Suckling  Why So Pale and Wan Fond Lover

23 Why so pale and wan, fond lover ? Prithee, why so pale ? Will, when looking well can’t move her, Looking ill prevail ? Prithee, why so pale ? Why so dull and mute, young sinner ? Prithee, why so mute ? Will, when speaking well can’t win her, Saying nothing do’t ? Prithee, why so mute ? Quit, quit, for shame; this will not move, This cannot take her. If of herself she will not love, Nothing can make her: The devil take her!

24 Cavalier Poet  Richard Lovelace  To Lucasta, Going to the Wars To Althea from the Prison  reflects Lovelace’s loyalty to Charles I

25 To Lucasta, Going to the Wars Tell me not, sweet, I am unkind, That from the nunnery Of thy chaste breast and quiet mind To war and arms I fly. True, a new mistress now I chase, The first foe in the field; And with a stronger faith embrace A sword, a horse, a shield. Yet this inconstancy is such As you too shall adore : I could not love thee, dear, so much Loved I not honor more.

26 Metaphysical Poet  witty, complicated style, unconventional language, unconventional images: conceit  John Donne  A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning  a perfect picture of love: love that isn't tied to a person's physical presence, but a spiritual love that can endure even the toughest situations

27 Metaphysical Poem A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning  conceit  comparing lovers to a pair of compasses  a perfect picture of love

28 Puritan Poet  John Milton  greatest English epic  Paradise Lost Paradise Regained  The Bible

29 Paradise Lost  the fall of Satan and the rebel angels  Satan + his followers VS archangels  Temptation of Adam and Eve  Original Sin  Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden

30 a battle between Archangel Michael and Satan

31 Temptation of Adam and Eve; Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden

32 Paradise Regained  climactic scene  Temptation of Christ

33 Restoration Poet  John Dryden  poet, dramatist, literary citic  Can Life Be a Blessing?

34 Prose  flourish of prose in the Puritan Period  John Banyan  Pilgrim’s Progress  a pilgrim  Celestial City with the burden of sins on his back

35 frontispiece of The Pilgrim’s Progress

36 the journey of Christian from the City of Destruction to the Celestial City

37 Drama  Commonwealth Period  closure of theatres  Restoration Period  revival of drama  actress  female character

38 Restoration theatre

39 Nell Gwyn an actress during the Restoration Period

40 American Literature

41  Early American Literature  Puritan Literature  English Puritans

42 American Literature  1.Prose 2.Poetry

43 Prose  Captain John Smith  an adventurer  The General Historie of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles

44 Pacahontas, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation in 1995

45 Prose  John Winthrop  The History of New England

46 Prose  William Bradford  History of Plymouth Plantation

47 Poetry  Cotton Mather  Magnalia Christi Americana The Wonders of the Invisible World The Biblia Americana

48 Poetry  Anne Bradstreet  The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America  poems about her family and homelife

49 Poetry  Edward Taylor  Housewifery or Huswifery  reflecting his religious faith

50 Chinese Literature

51  Qing Dynasty ( )  the last Imperial Dynasty of China  Dream of the Red Chamber

52  Cao Xuequin ( เฉาสเว - ฉิน ) Gao E ( เกาเอ๋อ )  one of four great Chinese classical novels  tragic love  the life, social structures of 18 th Chinese aristocracy

53 a scene from Dream of the Red Chamber


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