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Dr Jim Primrose Chief Advisor Atención de Salud Primaria Seminario en Sistemas de Salud Nueva Zelanda Chile Dec 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr Jim Primrose Chief Advisor Atención de Salud Primaria Seminario en Sistemas de Salud Nueva Zelanda Chile Dec 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr Jim Primrose Chief Advisor Atención de Salud Primaria Seminario en Sistemas de Salud Nueva Zelanda Chile Dec 2011

2 El mundo visto desde Nueva Zelanda

3 Neozelandeses Total 4.4m European 68% Maori14% Pacific 7% Asian10% 76% live in North Island

4

5 Sistema de Salud y Discapacidad Caracteristicas principales universal access largely funded from taxation comprehensive range of services, increasingly based on strong community and primary care services fixed budgets prioritisation Providers – mix of public and private ownership

6 Financiamiento Funding of health services: Vote Health ($14.4b)81% Out of pocket 14% Private insurance5% Vote Health has been growing faster than GDP over recent years. We spend a similar proportion of GDP on health as other OECD countries, however our per capita spending is lower than many.

7 Comparación Internacional del Gasto en Salud 1980–2010 Average spending on health per capita ($US PPP) Total expenditures on health as percent of GDP 4321 Source OECD Health Data 2011

8 CENTRAL GOVERNMENT Minister of Health 20 DISTRICT HEALTH BOARDS Users of New Zealand health and disability support services Internal agreementsBuy with Service Agreements Other Providers (for profit or not for profit private or community ownership, voluntary, welfare) Private pharmacy, laboratory, & imaging Primary care – GPs, Allied Health, Midwives Private hospital services Community services Disability support Mental health District Health Board provider arm Public hospitals Some community services Assessment & rehabilitation Health and disability support services

9 Atención de Salud Primaria– la consulta medica privada 96% of New Zealanders are enrolled with general practice, their medical home. New Zealand has 1100 general practices with: 3,200 General Practitioners (GP: Population ratio 1:1400) 5,200 Practice nurses almost all practices use electronic patient records. Practices are mainly owner operated small businesses and function within larger groupings/networks – Primary Health Organisations. Funding at practice level is blended, a mix of government funding (capitation) and patient fees - which vary.

10 People rated care received from regular doctor as very good/ excellent Source: 2010 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey in 11 Countries Opinión de pacientes en Nueva Zelanda sobre consultas medicas

11 Percent* Source: 2009 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey of Primary Care Physicians. Grado de satisfacción medica en el ejercicio de la medicina

12 OECD Health Data 2009 Adultos que informan gozar de buena salud (2007)

13 Comparación internacional de esperanza de vida al nacer, algunos países (2009 o último año disponible) Source: OECD Health Data 2011 Country PeriodLife Expectancy at Birth Total Population MaleFemale Switzerland 200982.379.984.6 Australia 200981.679.383.9 Sweden 200981.479.483.4 France 20098177.784.4 Norway 20098178.783.2 New Zealand 200980.878.882.7 Canada 200780.778.383 Netherlands 200980.678.582.7 United Kingdom 200980.478.382.5 Germany200980.377.882.8 Denmark 20097976.981.1 United States 200978.275.780.6 1 Estimate

14 * 1987–2007 Source: OECD Health Data 2010 (Oct. 2010) Years Crecimiento de la esperanza de vida al nacer (1988-2008)

15 15 Prevalencia de la obesidad en población adulta (2009) Note: BMI estimates based on national health interview surveys (self-reported data) are usually significantly lower than estimates based on actual measurements. Percent * 2008 ** 2007 Source: OECD Health Data 2011 (June 2011). Measured Self-reported

16 Mejorando la satisfacción de la gente con los servicios System features: Engagement/participation – at all levels governance – DHBs and PHOs service design public reporting - increasing self care + health literacy – needs more work Primary Care enrolment - 96% of people enrolled with general practice long term relationships - continuity and responsiveness choice of provider

17 Mano de obra calificada Currently we have reasonable numbers of General Practitioners (GPs) and Practice Nurses, but the workforce is ageing and not well distributed practice based teams of GPs and Practice Nurses are universal, but broader multi-disciplinary teams less common There’s a voluntary bonding scheme - for communities with low GP/nurse numbers continuing professional development and involvement with clinical governance is increasing – multi-disciplinary

18 Mano de obra calificada – dirección futura We aim for more multi-disciplinary teams in local communities – GPs/nurses/pharmacists/allied health. In particular to have health professionals working to the full scope of their practice expand roles eg primary care nurses managing more chronic conditions, pharmacists prescribing & immunising have greater flexibility within existing roles, as well as new roles  Clinical assistants  Care coordinators/navigators build a strong generalist workforce with effective specialist support

19 Farmacéuticos y servicios de diagnóstico Pharmaceuticals Medsafe – assesses medicines for use in NZ - is part of the Ministry of Health Pharmac – decides which medicines to fund and promotes their optimal use – within a capped budget Dispensing of medicines through 960 community pharmacies This means most medicines fully funded by the government – a $3 copayment applies our rate of pharmaceutical use is similar to other countries our per capita pharmaceutical spend is about 50% of the OECD average

20 Farmacéuticos y servicios de diagnóstico Laboratory services GPs order a wide range of laboratory tests from local community laboratories (privately owned) there are no patient fees results are returned electronically to practice computer systems Radiology GPs order these investigations from public hospitals - no patient fees, but some waiting or community Radiology clinics (privately owned) – fees apply Next step = improving access to radiology services

21 Can it improve quality and save money? “yes it can” Prevent hospital admissions Identify patients most at risk of deterioration and ensure they receive coordinated care and self-care services Counteract the increasing fragmentation of services And its possible that those who suffer most from under- coordination are people who are poor and/or members of ethnic minority groups Coordinación clínica e integración Does clinical coordination improve quality and save money? – Dr John Ovretveit, The Health Foundation

22 22 Source: 2011 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey of Sicker Adults in Eleven Countries. Errores médicos, de medicamentos, o de laboratorio, en los dos últimos años, con/sin “medical home” Base: Reported medical mistake, medication error, and/or lab test error or delay in past two years. Percent

23 Coordinación clínica e integración Key aspects requires clinical leadership change based on the patient journey - the right thing to do enabled by flexible funding and permissive policy environment Building blocks Enhanced primary care capacity & capability workforce – changing scopes of practice + multi-disciplinary teams facilities – larger health centres information capability – safe sharing of electronic health records Service shift from hospitals to communities

24 Condiciones crónicas y atención primaria 4321 Current smoking prevalence* among adults (15+) * The definition of current smoker is the WHO one of a person who has smoked more than 100 cigarettes in their life and smokes currently at least once a month. 1. Prevention and early intervention Address broader determinants housing/education/employment. Four main risk factors: smoking – good progress diet exercise alcohol 2. Early detection and good management use of guidelines decision support tools multi-disciplinary teams self-management/health literacy health targets

25 Metas de Salud (Health Targets) Shorter Stays in ED Departments 95 percent of patients will be admitted, discharged, or transferred from an Emergency Department (ED) within six hours Improved Access to Elective Surgery The volume of elective surgery will be increased by an average 4,000 discharges per year (compared with the previous average increase of 1400 per year). Shorter waits for cancer treatment radiotherapy and chemotherapy Everyone needing radiotherapy will have this within four weeks Increased immunisation 95% of two year olds will be fully immunised Better help for smokers to quit 95 percent of hospitalised smokers will be provided with advice and help to quit smoking More Heart and Diabetes Checks 90 percent of the eligible adult population will have had their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessed in the last five years

26 “To improve health care we require not better professions, but better systems of work. A “system” in this sense is a set of elements interacting to achieve a shared aim. Here is the trick: to improve the performance of the system you need to attend more to the inter-actions than to the elements. Great health professionals inter-acting well with all of the other elements of the healthcare system make great health care.” Don Berwick, “Medical Associations: Guilds or Leaders? BMJ, Vol 314, 564-1565 Mejorando la atención de salud…

27 Gracias


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