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Civil War Terminology
Contraband Southern slaves who joined the Union army in the South
Copperheads People who opposed the Civil War
Regiment Usually around 1,000 troops
Brigade Around four regiments – around 4,000 soldiers
Artillery Cannons and the big guns Color = Red “Napoleon” most popular cannon of the Civil War
Cavalry Horse back soldiers Color = Yellow
Infantry Foot soldiers Color = Light Blue
Yankee (Billy Yank) Nickname for the Union Soldiers
Rebel (Johnny Reb) Confederate Soldier nickname
Sutler A person who was paid by the army to sell goods to soldiers in camp
New Technology The Civil War has also been called the 1 st modern war 1.First war to be Photographed – thousands of pictures taken – Matthew Brady – most famous Photographer of the war
2. Railroads were 1 st used to transport troops and supplies in war
3. Telegraphs were sometimes used for communication – lines were often cut though
4. Ironclad ships were used for the 1 st time instead of wooden ships
5. Hot Air balloons for Spying
6. Submarines which used torpedoes (naval mines)
7. Trench Warfare
8. New Weapons Long Ranged Rifles replaced the short ranged musket – most commonly use weapon among the infantry
The Mini Ball
8. New Weapons Hand Grenades – hardly ever used – did not work well
8. New Weapons Carbine Rifles – used cartridges (breech loading) instead of the step by step muzzle loading – very expensive – not many used Cavalry usually received these weapons Spencer Carbine
8. New Weapons Landmines
8. New Weapons Machine Gun – Gatlin Gun (Not used that much)Gatlin Gun
Civil War Medicine
Medicine Medical Practices were very primitive compared to today’s standards – no clue about germs or bacteria
Medicine Not much for pain medicine- 1)Chloroform 2)Whiskey or Alcohol 3)Ether 4) New drug of the day - Morphine
Medicine Disease was the #1 killer in the Civil War – Typhoid killed more than anything else No Antibiotics yet
Medicine If you were wounded – Amputation – the cutting off of ones limb – was often the treatment to prevent infection (Gang- Greene)
The result for many of the Civil War – prosthetic limbs becomes a big business as a result of the Civil War
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