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Civil War Terminology. Contraband Southern slaves who joined the Union army in the South.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil War Terminology. Contraband Southern slaves who joined the Union army in the South."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil War Terminology

2 Contraband Southern slaves who joined the Union army in the South

3 Copperheads People who opposed the Civil War

4 Regiment Usually around 1,000 troops

5 Brigade Around four regiments – around 4,000 soldiers

6 Artillery Cannons and the big guns Color = Red “Napoleon” most popular cannon of the Civil War

7 Cavalry Horse back soldiers Color = Yellow

8 Infantry Foot soldiers Color = Light Blue

9 Yankee (Billy Yank) Nickname for the Union Soldiers

10 Rebel (Johnny Reb) Confederate Soldier nickname

11 Sutler A person who was paid by the army to sell goods to soldiers in camp

12 New Technology The Civil War has also been called the 1 st modern war 1.First war to be Photographed – thousands of pictures taken – Matthew Brady – most famous Photographer of the war

13 2. Railroads were 1 st used to transport troops and supplies in war

14 3. Telegraphs were sometimes used for communication – lines were often cut though

15 4. Ironclad ships were used for the 1 st time instead of wooden ships

16 5. Hot Air balloons for Spying

17 6. Submarines which used torpedoes (naval mines)

18 7. Trench Warfare

19 8. New Weapons Long Ranged Rifles replaced the short ranged musket – most commonly use weapon among the infantry

20 The Mini Ball

21 8. New Weapons Hand Grenades – hardly ever used – did not work well

22 8. New Weapons Carbine Rifles – used cartridges (breech loading) instead of the step by step muzzle loading – very expensive – not many used Cavalry usually received these weapons Spencer Carbine

23 8. New Weapons Landmines

24 8. New Weapons Machine Gun – Gatlin Gun (Not used that much)Gatlin Gun

25 Civil War Medicine

26 Medicine Medical Practices were very primitive compared to today’s standards – no clue about germs or bacteria

27 Medicine Not much for pain medicine- 1)Chloroform 2)Whiskey or Alcohol 3)Ether 4) New drug of the day - Morphine

28 Medicine Disease was the #1 killer in the Civil War – Typhoid killed more than anything else No Antibiotics yet

29 Medicine If you were wounded – Amputation – the cutting off of ones limb – was often the treatment to prevent infection (Gang- Greene)

30 The result for many of the Civil War – prosthetic limbs becomes a big business as a result of the Civil War


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