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Civil War Terminology
Contraband Southern slaves who joined the Union army in the South
Copperheads People who opposed the Civil War
Regiment Usually around 1,000 troops
Brigade Around four regiments – around 4,000 soldiers
Artillery Cannons and the big guns Color = Red “Napoleon” most popular cannon of the Civil War
Cavalry Horse back soldiers Color = Yellow
Infantry Foot soldiers Color = Light Blue
Yankee (Billy Yank) Nickname for the Union Soldiers
Rebel (Johnny Reb) Confederate Soldier nickname
Sutler A person who was paid by the army to sell goods to soldiers in camp
New Technology The Civil War has also been called the 1 st modern war 1.First war to be Photographed – thousands of pictures taken – Matthew Brady – most famous Photographer of the war
2. Railroads were 1 st used to transport troops and supplies in war
3. Telegraphs were sometimes used for communication – lines were often cut though
4. Ironclad ships were used for the 1 st time instead of wooden ships
5. Hot Air balloons for Spying
6. Submarines which used torpedoes (naval mines)
7. Trench Warfare
8. New Weapons Long Ranged Rifles replaced the short ranged musket – most commonly use weapon among the infantry
The Mini Ball
8. New Weapons Hand Grenades – hardly ever used – did not work well
8. New Weapons Carbine Rifles – used cartridges (breech loading) instead of the step by step muzzle loading – very expensive – not many used Cavalry usually received these weapons Spencer Carbine
8. New Weapons Landmines
8. New Weapons Machine Gun – Gatlin Gun (Not used that much)Gatlin Gun
Civil War Medicine
Medicine Medical Practices were very primitive compared to today’s standards – no clue about germs or bacteria
Medicine Not much for pain medicine- 1)Chloroform 2)Whiskey or Alcohol 3)Ether 4) New drug of the day - Morphine
Medicine Disease was the #1 killer in the Civil War – Typhoid killed more than anything else No Antibiotics yet
Medicine If you were wounded – Amputation – the cutting off of ones limb – was often the treatment to prevent infection (Gang- Greene)
The result for many of the Civil War – prosthetic limbs becomes a big business as a result of the Civil War
MILITARY TECHNOLOGY OF THE CIVIL WAR Modern War. Railroad A relatively “new” technology at the timenew North had 22,000 miles of track (standard) South.
Civil War Firsts. Objectives 1. Describe the new inventions in warfare used during the Civil War. 2. Explain total war.
Do Now: Fill in Venn Diagram summarizing warfare today compared to the Civil War SWBAT: Describe new weapons and technologies of the Civil War and summarize.
“It is well that war is so terrible… for we should grow too fond of it” --General Robert E. Lee.
A Soldiers Life J.A.SACCO J.A.SACCO. Army Organization 2 nd Squad 3 rd Brigade 20 th NJ Regiment2 nd Platoon Army of the Potomac 1 st Division 1 st Company.
U. S. Civil War 1 st Modern War in History 1861—1865.
The First Modern War. The Two Armies After Bull Run George McClellan organizes the Union army into the Army of the Potomac The Confederates organize their.
Life in the Army Both Union and Confederate Soldiers endured many hardships serving in the Army during the Civil War.
First Modern War. Why Was It So Deadly? Time of military transition –Officers still thought that the idea of forming large masses and using a lot of firepower.
Civil War Technology – Gatling Gun – Rifles with Long Muskets – Revolving Pistol – Railroads – Land Mines – Submarines – Air Balloons.
Civil War Military Technology Long range cannons T The Union “Dictator” had a range of up to 2 miles & could be transported by rail Why was this weapon.
Life in the army Chapter 16 sec 2. Bell Work LT: I will be able to describe the advancement in Civil War technology BW: In three sentences or more explain.
A Revolution in Warfare Lesson 19: The Civil War part 6.
Effects of the Civil War Billy Yank Johnny Reb Our Boy 2/6/27:44-31:44.
New Technology and the Legacy of the Civil War. Civil War Technology
Civil War Weapons Cannons https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SI9GRdvUtkQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SI9GRdvUtkQ Napoleon 12 pound shot Howitzer 12,
The American Civil War, Early War Years:
T ECHNOLOGY OF THE C IVIL W AR. F IRST M ODERN W AR Huge armies that required vast quantities of supplies & equipment 1 st war to feature Industrialized.
Objectives The students will be able to participate in a class discussion and review session on the Civil War. Students will understand the differences.
The Civil War—Background Info technology sparked a transition from “old” to “modern warfare” – rifles, minié ball, balloons, iron ships, submarine, machine.
a majority of the soldiers were between 18 and 30 years old most were farmers, nearly half.
ABOLISH FORMALLY PUT AN END TO (A SYSTEM, PRACTICE, OR INSTITUTION)
Technology and Medicine During the Civil War By Austin De La Ronde.
Civil War Medicine. At the beginning…….. At the beginning of the Civil War, the U.S. Army had a medical corps consisting of all of 98 surgeons and assistant.
Inventions of the Civil War Better killing with technology…
New Military Technologies of the Civil War By: Ahmed, Alex, Bridget, Big Daddy, and Noah.
If a soldier was feeling sick, doctors would give them calomel. Calomel contained honey, chalk, and mercury, which is poisonous. If a soldier was feeling.
War Erupts Leading to Life in the Army As the South Secedes and conflicts between the North and the South begin, Union and Confederate Soldiers begin to.
By: Evan Helfrich. At the beginning of the Late 1700’s Wars, It was very different from the 2010 warfare. The drivers and horse teams for the artillery.
THE FIRST MODERN WAR Why is the Civil War called the“first modern war”? Technological advancements in weaponry Improved communication techniques Faster.
Civil War Technology Weapons. Objectives Learn about the weapons used and developed during the Civil War.
Civil War Technology Advances in Weaponry. Rifles and rifling Firearms improved drastically in the 1800’s. Rifles were able to shoot much farther than.
Weapons of the Civil War The Civil War is considered by many to be the first ‘modern war’. Battles became more deadly as weapons were improved which greatly.
Photographs and Lead: The Civil War’s Impact on Modern Medicine.
Civil War Weapons By: Sean Dugan Civil War Background Fought between the Union (North) and the Confederacy (South) The war lasted from 1861-
Civil War: Life for Soldiers The Fighting Begins Confederates attack Ft. Sumter, an island off of SC Federals surrender Turns Southern secession into.
Life During the War Chapter 2 Lesson 2. Life for Soldiers Mathew Brady took pictures in camps and on the war’s many battlefields. Photographs showed the.
The American Civil War By: Mr. MacDonald April 12, 1861 – April 9, 1865.
LIFE IN THE ARMY CHAPTER 16, SECTION 2. KEY TERMS Hygiene – conditions and practices that promote health Rifle – a gun with a grooved barrel that causes.
Combat and Medical Technology in the Civil War Mr. White’s US History 1.
Consequences of the Civil War. New Realities of War New weaponry New weaponry rifles replaced muskets rifles replaced muskets improved cannons & artillery.
Civil War Who was involved in the Civil War? The Civil War was fought between the Confederacy (Also known as the Confederate States Of America.
The Development of Warfare What era? 2.What war? 3.What battle? 4.What weapons did they have? 5.What tactics did they use?
Civil War Technology. Colt.32 Caliber Revolver Spencer Repeating Carbine.56 Caliber Rifle.
Bell Work 1) Who made up the largest group of Civil War soldiers? 2) Which group of men were NOT allowed to fight at the beginning of the war? 3) What.
The Civil War: Industrial Innovations The Revolver Officer’s sidearm or a cavalry weapon; effective at short range.Officer’s sidearm or a cavalry weapon;
US History Note Page 21 “Resources Behind the Civil War”
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