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Which of the following was most directly responsible for the rise in literacy in the 19 th century Europe? Women instructors at primary schools The growth.

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Presentation on theme: "Which of the following was most directly responsible for the rise in literacy in the 19 th century Europe? Women instructors at primary schools The growth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Which of the following was most directly responsible for the rise in literacy in the 19 th century Europe? Women instructors at primary schools The growth of suburbs The growing prestige of the school teaching profession The increased availability of state financed primary education Vastly improved textbook translations

2 Which of the following was most directly responsible for the rise in literacy in the 19 th century Europe? Women instructors at primary schools The growth of suburbs The growing prestige of the school teaching profession The increased availability of state financed primary education Vastly improved textbook translations

3 . In the period between 1871 and 1914, European governments regarded public education for the masses as important primarily because it would (A)discourage emigration to the New World (B)ensure that children received comprehensive religious instruction (C)ensure that laborers were informed participants in the union movement (D)provide society with well-informed and responsible citizens (E)lead to woman suffrage

4 . In the period between 1871 and 1914, European governments regarded public education for the masses as important primarily because it would (A)discourage emigration to the New World (B)ensure that children received comprehensive religious instruction (C)ensure that laborers were informed participants in the union movement (D)provide society with well-informed and responsible citizens (E)lead to woman suffrage

5 The philosophy that human intellectual development culminates in science is called Rationalism Empiricism Positivism Collectivism Realism

6 The philosophy that human intellectual development culminates in science is called Rationalism Empiricism Positivism Collectivism Realism

7 Which of the following figures is regarded as the father of sociology? Sigmund Freud Carl Jung Auguste Comte Charles Darwin Thomas Henry Huxley

8 Which of the following figures is regarded as the father of sociology? Sigmund Freud Carl Jung Auguste Comte Charles Darwin Thomas Henry Huxley

9 All of the following were advocates of the collective theory of behavior EXCEPT Emile Durkheim Georges Sorel Max Weber Graham Wallas Vilfredo Pareto

10 All of the following were advocates of the collective theory of behavior EXCEPT Emile Durkheim Georges Sorel Max Weber Graham Wallas Vilfredo Pareto

11 Social Darwinists believed that Darwinism was inapplicable to the study of societies Nations operate under the principle of natural selection Colonialism was wrong “survival of the fittest” applied to animals, not nations Much could be learned from the cultures of Africa and Asia

12 Social Darwinists believed that Darwinism was inapplicable to the study of societies Nations operate under the principle of natural selection Colonialism was wrong “survival of the fittest” applied to animals, not nations Much could be learned from the cultures of Africa and Asia

13 The ideas that that competition was natural and necessary for social progress was promoted by Karl marx Charles Darwin Charles Fourier Herbert Spencer Robert Owen

14 The ideas that that competition was natural and necessary for social progress was promoted by Karl marx Charles Darwin Charles Fourier Herbert Spencer Robert Owen

15 Which of the following was an outgrowth of the strain of thought known as Social Darwinism Eugenics Poor relief Workhouses Child labor laws Women’s suffrage

16 Which of the following was an outgrowth of the strain of thought known as Social Darwinism Eugenics Poor relief Workhouses Child labor laws Women’s suffrage

17 Which of the following scientific theories of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was used to support notions of racial superiority? (A)James’s theory of pragmatism (B)Freud’s psychoanalytic theory (C)Darwin’s theory of natural selection (D)Planck’s quantum theory (E)Pavlov’s theory of conditioned response

18 Which of the following scientific theories of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was used to support notions of racial superiority? (A)James’s theory of pragmatism (B)Freud’s psychoanalytic theory (C)Darwin’s theory of natural selection (D)Planck’s quantum theory (E)Pavlov’s theory of conditioned response

19 . Which of the following ideas did Darwin draw on in developing his theories of evolution? (A) The Romantics’ ideas about the importance of heroic individuals (B) The scientific view that species are eternal and unchanging (C) The Biblical account of creation in Genesis (D) Nineteenth-century theories of manifest destiny (E) The population theories of Thomas Malthus

20 . Which of the following ideas did Darwin draw on in developing his theories of evolution? (A) The Romantics’ ideas about the importance of heroic individuals (B) The scientific view that species are eternal and unchanging (C) The Biblical account of creation in Genesis (D) Nineteenth-century theories of manifest destiny (E) The population theories of Thomas Malthus

21 . The scientific theory that all life had evolved from a common origin, by a process of struggle for survival, and was applied by social thinkers to human affairs was developed by Charles Darwin Gregor Mendel Herbert Spencer Jean Baptiste Lamarck Auguste Comte

22 . The scientific theory that all life had evolved from a common origin, by a process of struggle for survival, and was applied by social thinkers to human affairs was developed by Charles Darwin Gregor Mendel Herbert Spencer Jean Baptiste Lamarck Auguste Comte

23 When Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species in 1859, he used the phrase “origin of species” to mean which of the following? (A)The beginning of life on Earth (B)The original appearance of the species first described in the book of Genesis (C)The earliest distillation of genera into species (D)The transmutation of any species into another over time (E)The degeneration of primal species into

24 When Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species in 1859, he used the phrase “origin of species” to mean which of the following? (A)The beginning of life on Earth (B)The original appearance of the species first described in the book of Genesis (C)The earliest distillation of genera into species (D)The transmutation of any species into another over time (E)The degeneration of primal species into

25 Which of the following statements best describes Charles Darwin's theory of evolution? (A) Changes in species result from periodic catastrophic geological events that alter the environment. (B) All creatures living today descended from a single common ancestor in an inevitable process. (C) The emergence of new species, as seen in the fossil record, is attributable solely to genetic mutations. (D) Species tend to reproduce geometrically but their subsistence grows arithmetically. (E) New species emerge after gradually accumulating new modifications.

26 Which of the following statements best describes Charles Darwin's theory of evolution? (A) Changes in species result from periodic catastrophic geological events that alter the environment. (B) All creatures living today descended from a single common ancestor in an inevitable process. (C) The emergence of new species, as seen in the fossil record, is attributable solely to genetic mutations. (D) Species tend to reproduce geometrically but their subsistence grows arithmetically. (E) New species emerge after gradually accumulating new modifications.

27 Unlike Darwin’s evolutionary theory, which was generally accepted among scientists, his mechanism of natural selection a.never really received support withing the scientific community was accepted only later with the corrob orating evidence of modern genetics was seriously flawed infuriated evolutionary biologists conflicted with the prevailing genetic trends

28 Unlike Darwin’s evolutionary theory, which was generally accepted among scientists, his mechanism of natural selection a.never really received support withing the scientific community was accepted only later with the corroborating evidence of modern genetics was seriously flawed infuriated evolutionary biologists conflicted with the prevailing genetic trends

29 Charles Darwin, in the Origin of Species(1859), put forward the idea that Competition was natural and necessary for social progress Human nature was essentially cooperative Biological diversity was the product of a purely natural process Competition was the root of class conflict Human beings evolved from apes

30 Charles Darwin, in the Origin of Species(1859), put forward the idea that Competition was natural and necessary for social progress Human nature was essentially cooperative Biological diversity was the product of a purely natural process Competition was the root of class conflict Human beings evolved from apes

31 .“All forms of life developed from earlier forms. In every case the fittest survived and the weak died out. It is the same for people and nations.” This passage expresses a view most often found in Utopian socialism. Fundamentalism. Social Darwinism. Liberalism.

32 .“All forms of life developed from earlier forms. In every case the fittest survived and the weak died out. It is the same for people and nations.” This passage expresses a view most often found in Utopian socialism. Fundamentalism. Social Darwinism. Liberalism.

33 The idea that society should let strong men dominate and not protect the weak is most closely associated with the work of Thomas Henry Huxley Herbert Spencer Jules Ferry David Friedrich Strauss William Paley

34 The idea that society should let strong men dominate and not protect the weak is most closely associated with the work of Thomas Henry Huxley Herbert Spencer Jules Ferry David Friedrich Strauss William Paley

35 19 th century racial thought was characterized by An appreciation of the contributions made by different races to the world’s civilizations A hierarchy of “superior” and “inferior” races Belief in the equality of all races, based on their biological differences An attention to ethnic rather that racial differences e.A lack of prejudice in racial classifications

36 19 th century racial thought was characterized by An appreciation of the contributions made by different races to the world’s civilizations A hierarchy of “superior” and “inferior” races Belief in the equality of all races, based on their biological differences An attention to ethnic rather that racial differences e.A lack of prejudice in racial classifications

37 During the 19 th century, the Church Faced renewed intellectual skepticism Was revered as a source of morality in a changing world Was largely abandoned by believers Was characterized by the deterioration of the papacy Had few conflicts with governments in Europe

38 During the 19 th century, the Church Faced renewed intellectual skepticism Was revered as a source of morality in a changing world Was largely abandoned by believers Was characterized by the deterioration of the papacy Had few conflicts with governments in Europe

39 .Kulturkamf was a policy promoted by Auguste Comte Otto von Bismark Jules Ferry Friedrich Nietzsche Carl Jung

40 .Kulturkamf was a policy promoted by Auguste Comte Otto von Bismark Jules Ferry Friedrich Nietzsche Carl Jung

41 Cultural Relativism-that the validity of a society’s values depend upon its political and economic context-was encouraged in the 20 th century by the theories of Herbert Spencer Sigmund Freud Albert Einstein Thomas Huxley Isaac Newton

42 Cultural Relativism-that the validity of a society’s values depend upon its political and economic context-was encouraged in the 20 th century by the theories of Herbert Spencer Sigmund Freud Albert Einstein Thomas Huxley Isaac Newton

43 The work of Max Planck and Albert Einstein undermined belief in the natural laws and rational worldview of what earlier scientist? Ernest Rutherford George Orwell Werner Heisenberg Isaac Newton Soren Kierkegaard

44 The work of Max Planck and Albert Einstein undermined belief in the natural laws and rational worldview of what earlier scientist? Ernest Rutherford George Orwell Werner Heisenberg Isaac Newton Soren Kierkegaard

45 .Louis Pasteur’s research into germ theory in the nineteenth century is significant because it A created safety standards for machine workers. B led to techniques that increase crop production. C identified the importance of vitamins to nutrition. D proved that cleanliness helps to prevent infections

46 .Louis Pasteur’s research into germ theory in the nineteenth century is significant because it A created safety standards for machine workers. B led to techniques that increase crop production. C identified the importance of vitamins to nutrition. D proved that cleanliness helps to prevent infections

47 The first person to isolate radium was Louis Pasteur Marie Curie Max Planck Ernest Rutherford e.William Siemens

48 The first person to isolate radium was Louis Pasteur Marie Curie Max Planck Ernest Rutherford e.William Siemens

49 .__________________ was the biggest medical advancement of the 18 th century Germ theory of disease X-ray Smallpox inoculation Surgery under ansesthesia The humane treatment of the mentally ill

50 .__________________ was the biggest medical advancement of the 18 th century Germ theory of disease X-ray Smallpox inoculation Surgery under ansesthesia The humane treatment of the mentally ill

51 . The scientific theories of Ernest Rutherford, Max Planck, and Albert Einstein Challenged Newtonian physics Further explained Newtonian physics Were rapidly understood and accepted by the masses Were closely connected with the ideas of Charles Darwin Said that the subatomic world behaved similarly to the visible world

52 . The scientific theories of Ernest Rutherford, Max Planck, and Albert Einstein Challenged Newtonian physics Further explained Newtonian physics Were rapidly understood and accepted by the masses Were closely connected with the ideas of Charles Darwin Said that the subatomic world behaved similarly to the visible world

53 28. Albert Einstein is well known for theorizing that (A) atoms are stable, basic building blocks of nature (B) time and space are unconnected concepts (C) light contains energy only when it is visible (D) mass and energy are interconvertible (E) the speed of an aircraft cannot exceed the speed of sound

54 28. Albert Einstein is well known for theorizing that (A) atoms are stable, basic building blocks of nature (B) time and space are unconnected concepts (C) light contains energy only when it is visible (D) mass and energy are interconvertible (E) the speed of an aircraft cannot exceed the speed of sound

55 The revolution in understanding the nature treatment and prevention of infectious diseases was largely due to the discoveries of (A)Darwin Huxley and Wallace (B)Herder, Chateaubnand, and de Stael (C)Gobineau, Chamberlain, and Nietzsche (D)Fontenelle, Diderot, and d Alembert (E)Jenner, Lister, and Pasteur

56 The revolution in understanding the nature treatment and prevention of infectious diseases was largely due to the discoveries of (A)Darwin Huxley and Wallace (B)Herder, Chateaubnand, and de Stael (C)Gobineau, Chamberlain, and Nietzsche (D)Fontenelle, Diderot, and d Alembert (E)Jenner, Lister, and Pasteur

57 The new physics caused much scientific contro­versy in the early twentieth century primarily because it (A)led to the use of x-rays for medical diagnosis (B)inspired the first attempts to build an atomic bomb (C)placed Germany at the forefront of funda­mental scientific research (D)challenged traditional notions of causality, time, and space (E)showed that God could not intervene in the universe except spiritually

58 The new physics caused much scientific contro­versy in the early twentieth century primarily because it (A)led to the use of x-rays for medical diagnosis (B)inspired the first attempts to build an atomic bomb (C)placed Germany at the forefront of funda­mental scientific research (D)challenged traditional notions of causality, time, and space (E)showed that God could not intervene in the universe except spiritually

59 . Two of the leaders in the nineteenth-century development of the germ theory of disease were: (A) Marie Curie and Max Planck (B) Gregor Mendel and Auguste Comte (C) John Dalton and Michael Faraday (D) Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch (E) Jonas Salk and Francis Crick

60 . Two of the leaders in the nineteenth-century development of the germ theory of disease were: (A) Marie Curie and Max Planck (B) Gregor Mendel and Auguste Comte (C) John Dalton and Michael Faraday (D) Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch (E) Jonas Salk and Francis Crick

61 Writers from the school of naturalism described the world in which Nature is positive and in accord with the human spirit All things that happen are part of a broad scheme of things God is master of the universe Reason and natural law prevail things happen entirely by chance

62 Writers from the school of naturalism described the world in which Nature is positive and in accord with the human spirit All things that happen are part of a broad scheme of things God is master of the universe Reason and natural law prevail things happen entirely by chance

63 .20 th century writers, such as the Irish novelist James Joyce, established a style of interior monologues called Soliloquies Asides Stream of consciousness Realism Naturalism

64 .20 th century writers, such as the Irish novelist James Joyce, established a style of interior monologues called Soliloquies Asides Stream of consciousness Realism Naturalism

65 . The literary works of Charles Dickens, Emile Zola, and Gustav Flaubert are all considered to be part of which school of literature Realism Gothic Neo-classicism Romanticism e.Modernism

66 . The literary works of Charles Dickens, Emile Zola, and Gustav Flaubert are all considered to be part of which school of literature Realism Gothic Neo-classicism Romanticism e.Modernism

67 .Naturalism in literature Said that the world is good and is overseen by a benevolent God Contended that man is at the mercy of chance in a neutral universe Said evil is ever present and perhaps overpowering Argued that nature is good and will in time defeat the forces of evil Became a major trend early in the 19 th century

68 .Naturalism in literature Said that the world is good and is overseen by a benevolent God Contended that man is at the mercy of chance in a neutral universe Said evil is ever present and perhaps overpowering Argued that nature is good and will in time defeat the forces of evil Became a major trend early in the 19 th century

69 Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s own became an important piece of feminist writing for pointing out Why women needed to advance their own political agenda outside mainstream British politics Why women needed to vote How women could achieve equality only when the divorce laws are changed Why women found it difficult to be taken seriously as writer and intellectuals That modern society had opened up new opportunities for women

70 Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s own became an important piece of feminist writing for pointing out Why women needed to advance their own political agenda outside mainstream British politics Why women needed to vote How women could achieve equality only when the divorce laws are changed Why women found it difficult to be taken seriously as writer and intellectuals That modern society had opened up new opportunities for women

71 Which of the following is famous for his newspaper article “J accuse”in support of Alfred Dreyfus Adolphe Thiers Marshall MacMahon Emile Zola Pierre Joseph Proudhon e.George Boulanger

72 Which of the following is famous for his newspaper article “J accuse”in support of Alfred Dreyfus Adolphe Thiers Marshall MacMahon Emile Zola Pierre Joseph Proudhon e.George Boulanger

73 . The pessimism and alienation of the Age of Anxiety influenced writers such as James Joyce and Virginia Woolf to experiment with a literary technique in which emotions and thoughts from the unconscious surfaced randomly. It was called Dadaism Surrealism Stream of consciousness Bauhaus functionalism Ashcan realism

74 . The pessimism and alienation of the Age of Anxiety influenced writers such as James Joyce and Virginia Woolf to experiment with a literary technique in which emotions and thoughts from the unconscious surfaced randomly. It was called Dadaism Surrealism Stream of consciousness Bauhaus functionalism Ashcan realism

75 . Monet, Renoir, and Pisarro pioneered which style of painting? Romaniticism Impressionism Realism Abstractionism Cubism

76 . Monet, Renoir, and Pisarro pioneered which style of painting? Romaniticism Impressionism Realism Abstractionism Cubism

77 . All of the following artists worked in the Impressionist style EXCEPT Edgar Degas Camille Pissarro EdouardManet Theodore Gericault Claude Monet

78 . All of the following artists worked in the Impressionist style EXCEPT Edgar Degas Camille Pissarro EdouardManet Theodore Gericault Claude Monet

79 The work of French artist Georges Seurat differed from that of the mainline impressionist in that Seurat Used stronger lines and brighter colors Concentrated on painting trains and railroad stations Did more abstract work Used tiny dot of primary colors e.Did all of the above

80 The work of French artist Georges Seurat differed from that of the mainline impressionist in that Seurat Used stronger lines and brighter colors Concentrated on painting trains and railroad stations Did more abstract work Used tiny dot of primary colors e.Did all of the above

81 .The impressionist painters of late 19 th century France were most interested in Creating dreamlike images Overlaying geometric shapes Using bright colors and simple lines Experimenting with the effects of light

82 .The impressionist painters of late 19 th century France were most interested in Creating dreamlike images Overlaying geometric shapes Using bright colors and simple lines Experimenting with the effects of light

83 Artist who worked n the Impressionist style attempted to Make their images as realistic as possible Show disdain for the modern world Create images that blended with previously held artistic styles Propel their art into the modern world by refusing to paint nature Capture the initial fleeting effect that occurs when one first sees and object

84 Artist who worked n the Impressionist style attempted to Make their images as realistic as possible Show disdain for the modern world Create images that blended with previously held artistic styles Propel their art into the modern world by refusing to paint nature Capture the initial fleeting effect that occurs when one first sees and object

85 Artist who demonstrated “cubism” included Monet and Renoir Degas and Pissaro Seurat and Gauguin Kandinsky and Munch Pisarro and Braque

86 Artist who demonstrated “cubism” included Monet and Renoir Degas and Pissaro Seurat and Gauguin Kandinsky and Munch Pisarro and Braque

87 PabloPcasso’sGuerica(1937) depicts The Impressionist style The bombing of the town of Guernica by German planes The savagery of the fighting between fascists and socialists The valiant resistance of the socialists Hitler invading Spain

88 PabloPcasso’sGuerica(1937) depicts The Impressionist style The bombing of the town of Guernica by German planes The savagery of the fighting between fascists and socialists The valiant resistance of the socialists Hitler invading Spain

89 .In which of the following artistic movements did Pablo Picasso participate? Impressionism Cubism Expressionism Surrealism II and IV II only II and III I and II All four

90 .In which of the following artistic movements did Pablo Picasso participate? Impressionism Cubism Expressionism Surrealism II and IV II only II and III I and II All four

91 The impressionist artists Concentrated on the effects of light and often painted out-of-doors Painted street scenes and railroad stations Gathered around Monet at Argenteuil, a suburb of Paris Frequently featured sunligt on water Did all of the above

92 The impressionist artists Concentrated on the effects of light and often painted out-of-doors Painted street scenes and railroad stations Gathered around Monet at Argenteuil, a suburb of Paris Frequently featured sunligt on water Did all of the above

93 . The modern style of painting that focused on mood and imagination rather than on portraying nature or real objects was Baroque Expressionism Impressionism Romantic Functionalism

94 . The modern style of painting that focused on mood and imagination rather than on portraying nature or real objects was Baroque Expressionism Impressionism Romantic Functionalism

95 The artistic and literacy movement that reacted to the rationalism of the Enlightenment by emphasizing the emotional component of with humanity along with individual freedom was Impressionism Expressionism Realism Social Darwinism Romanticism

96 The artistic and literacy movement that reacted to the rationalism of the Enlightenment by emphasizing the emotional component of with humanity along with individual freedom was Impressionism Expressionism Realism Social Darwinism Romanticism

97 The psychoanalytical theories that fostered the belief that human behavior is basically irrational belonged to Sigmund Freud Aristotle Charles Darwin Jean-Paul Sartre Oswald Spengler

98 The psychoanalytical theories that fostered the belief that human behavior is basically irrational belonged to Sigmund Freud Aristotle Charles Darwin Jean-Paul Sartre Oswald Spengler

99 . The philosopher whose ideas that Christian humility and rationalism had cause a decline in Western Civilization was Friedrich Nietzsche Henri Bergson Ludwig Wittgenstein Max Planck Georges Sorel

100 . The philosopher whose ideas that Christian humility and rationalism had cause a decline in Western Civilization was Friedrich Nietzsche Henri Bergson Ludwig Wittgenstein Max Planck Georges Sorel

101 A revolution in psychology at the end of the 19 th century popularized the notion that human behavior springs from irrational forces and unconscious urges. It was pioneered by Auguste Comte Leopold von Ranke Sigmund Freud William James Carl Gustav Jung

102 A revolution in psychology at the end of the 19 th century popularized the notion that human behavior springs from irrational forces and unconscious urges. It was pioneered by Auguste Comte Leopold von Ranke Sigmund Freud William James Carl Gustav Jung

103 Nietzsche’s main problem with Christianity was that It glorified weakness rather than strength It had been disproved by modern science It promoted intolerance of other faiths It was monotheistic It demanded self-sacrifice and required strict adherence to doctrine

104 Nietzsche’s main problem with Christianity was that It glorified weakness rather than strength It had been disproved by modern science It promoted intolerance of other faiths It was monotheistic It demanded self-sacrifice and required strict adherence to doctrine

105 .In Sigmund Freud’s most important book, The Interpretation of Dreams, he argues that Unconscious drives and desires contribute to conscious behavior There is no mediation between the id and the ego The content of dreams have no reason able scientific explanation Sexuality can be determined during infancy Dreams contain little or no available information about a person’s psyche

106 .In Sigmund Freud’s most important book, The Interpretation of Dreams, he argues that Unconscious drives and desires contribute to conscious behavior There is no mediation between the id and the ego The content of dreams have no reason able scientific explanation Sexuality can be determined during infancy Dreams contain little or no available information about a person’s psyche

107 .Sigmund Freud Claimed that the super ego, the conscience, controls most of human behavior Saw dreams as key to the unconscious Became the focus of much anti- Semitism Believed that the unconscious has limited influence on behavior Made humans feel more in control of their lives

108 .Sigmund Freud Claimed that the super ego, the conscience, controls most of human behavior Saw dreams as key to the unconscious Became the focus of much anti- Semitism Believed that the unconscious has limited influence on behavior Made humans feel more in control of their lives

109 . When Sigmund Freud remarked that “in mental life nothing which has once been formed can perish,” he meant that (A) human beings are rational creatures (B) human beings can remember and recall all expe­ riences at will (C) all mental acts are conscious mental acts (D) the unconscious preserves unpleasant as well as pleasant thoughts (E) the unconscious obliterates excess thoughts

110 . When Sigmund Freud remarked that “in mental life nothing which has once been formed can perish,” he meant that (A) human beings are rational creatures (B) human beings can remember and recall all expe­ riences at will (C) all mental acts are conscious mental acts (D) the unconscious preserves unpleasant as well as pleasant thoughts (E) the unconscious obliterates excess thoughts

111 . When Sigmund Freud remarked that “in mental life nothing which has once been formed can perish,” he meant that (A) human beings are rational creatures (B) human beings can remember and recall all expe­ riences at will (C) all mental acts are conscious mental acts (D) the unconscious preserves unpleasant as well as pleasant thoughts (E) the unconscious obliterates excess thoughts

112 . When Sigmund Freud remarked that “in mental life nothing which has once been formed can perish,” he meant that (A) human beings are rational creatures (B) human beings can remember and recall all expe­ riences at will (C) all mental acts are conscious mental acts (D) the unconscious preserves unpleasant as well as pleasant thoughts (E) the unconscious obliterates excess thoughts

113 . Which of the following had the greatest influence on the work of the French Surrealist painters in the period between the First and Second World Wars? (A)Freudian psychology (B)Rules of painting developed during the Renaissance (C)Seventeenth-century Dutch landscape painters (D)Nineteenth-century theological speculation (E)The clean, sharp lines of African art

114 . Which of the following had the greatest influence on the work of the French Surrealist painters in the period between the First and Second World Wars? (A)Freudian psychology (B)Rules of painting developed during the Renaissance (C)Seventeenth-century Dutch landscape painters (D)Nineteenth-century theological speculation (E)The clean, sharp lines of African art

115 All of the following concepts are associated with Sigmund Freud’s theories of psychoanalysis EXCEPT (A) superego (B) sublimation (C) collective unconscious (D) Oedipus complex (E) repression

116 All of the following concepts are associated with Sigmund Freud’s theories of psychoanalysis EXCEPT (A) superego (B) sublimation (C) collective unconscious (D) Oedipus complex (E) repression

117 Which of the following is most closely associated with Friedrich Nietzsche? (A) Creation of Israel as a religious state (B) Protective legislation concerning child labor (C) The elimination of all trade barriers and tariffs (D) The right of women to own property (E) The rejection of bourgeois morality

118 Which of the following is most closely associated with Friedrich Nietzsche? (A) Creation of Israel as a religious state (B) Protective legislation concerning child labor (C) The elimination of all trade barriers and tariffs (D) The right of women to own property (E) The rejection of bourgeois morality

119 Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism attempted to show How capitalism grew out of the Protestant religious belief How capitalism was anathema to Protestantism Why Protestants should embrace capitalism How John Calvin was indirectly the father of free markets What modern economies can learn from Protestant theology

120 Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism attempted to show How capitalism grew out of the Protestant religious belief How capitalism was anathema to Protestantism Why Protestants should embrace capitalism How John Calvin was indirectly the father of free markets What modern economies can learn from Protestant theology

121 Theodore Herzl argued that because of the increased anti-semitism in Europe, it would be necessary for Jews to Try to blend into the larger European population Recommit themselves to religious tradition Create a homeland of their own Go to the US where there was religious freedom Organize associations to come to the aide of their hard-pressed brethren

122 Theodore Herzl argued that because of the increased anti-semitism in Europe, it would be necessary for Jews to Try to blend into the larger European population Recommit themselves to religious tradition Create a homeland of their own Go to the US where there was religious freedom Organize associations to come to the aide of their hard-pressed brethren

123 Theodore Herzl was a Jewish journalist who Defended Alfred Dreyfus when he was accused of treason Fought the idea of ghettos in Russia and Eastern Europe Wrote a book praising Jewish cultural achievements First pushed for the created of a Jewish state in Palestine Was the first president of Israel

124 Theodore Herzl was a Jewish journalist who Defended Alfred Dreyfus when he was accused of treason Fought the idea of ghettos in Russia and Eastern Europe Wrote a book praising Jewish cultural achievements First pushed for the created of a Jewish state in Palestine Was the first president of Israel


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