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Federal Identity Management

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Presentation on theme: "Federal Identity Management"— Presentation transcript:

1 Federal Identity Management
The Future of Federal Identity Management Judith Spencer Agency Expert - IDM Office of Governmentwide Policy GSA

2 What is ICAM? ICAM represents the intersection of digital identities, credentials, and access control into one comprehensive approach. Key ICAM Service Areas Include: Digital Identity Credentialing Privilege Management Authentication Authorization & Access Cryptography Auditing and Reporting

3 ICAM Drivers Increasing Cybersecurity threats
There is no National, International, Industry “standard” approach to individual identity on the network. (CyberSecurity Policy Review) Security weaknesses found across agencies included the areas of user identification and authentication, encryption of sensitive data, logging and auditing, and physical access (GAO T) Need for improved physical security Lag in providing government services electronically Vulnerability of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) Lack of interoperability “The ICAM segment architecture will serve as an important tool for providing awareness to external mission partners and drive the development and implementation of interoperable solutions.” (President’s FY2010 Budget) High costs for duplicative processes and data management

4 ICAM Scope Non-Persons Persons Logical Access Physical Access

5 FICAM Development Process
The development process involves coordination and collaboration with Federal Agencies, industry partners, and cross-government working groups. The Roadmap team identified the key outputs of the Federal Segment Architecture Methodology (FSAM) needed for an ICAM segment architecture and coordinated these groups to develop workable approaches to enable cross-government solutions. Interagency Security Committee (ISC) Information Sharing Environment (ISE) White House National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) Committee for National Security Systems (CNSS) Office of Management and Budget National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Office of National Coordinator (ONC) for Health IT Multiple agencies represented within the CIO council subcommittees and working groups

6 Components of the ICAM Segment Architecture
Performance Architecture Outlines strategic vision for ICAM Includes 32 performance metrics, 4 of which will be tracked on Business Architecture 11 use cases representing high level government-wide ICAM functions Supports IEE, G2G, G2B, and G2C scenarios Data Architecture Details data sources and elements supporting each use case Illustrates the flow of information within the use cases Service Architecture Defines service types and components specific to ICAM Supports the Federal Enterprise Architecture Service Reference Model Technical Architecture Comprise the high level vision of the technical architecture Target state moves towards shared agency and federal infrastructures

7 ICAM Goals and Objectives
The Federal ICAM Roadmap addresses unclassified federal identity, credential, and access management programs and demonstrates the importance of implementing the ICAM segment architecture in support five overarching strategic goals and their related objectives.

8 Eleven Use Cases Covering:

9 Measuring Success

10 On-Going Activities PIV Interoperability: Defining the parameters for an industry smart card that emulates the PIV credential FIPS 201 is limited to the Federal community External interoperability/trust is achievable Trust Framework Providers and Scheme Adoption Non-cryptographic solutions at lower levels of assurance Industry self-regulation with government recognition Working with Open Solutions to enable open government Federal PIV deployment exceeds 70% LACS deployment beginning PACS demonstration system operational

11 Increasing the Trusted Credential Community
Back to Basics – M and NIST are still the foundational policy/technical guidance for identity management in the Federal government. Establish unified architecture for Identity Management Expand our use of Assertion-based solutions (Levels 1&2) Stronger industry alignment for trust and technology standards Federal Bridge interoperability will continue to play a role at Levels 3 & 4 Outreach to communities of interest Explore natural affinities

12 M-04-04:E-Authentication Guidance for Federal Agencies
Assurance Levels M-04-04:E-Authentication Guidance for Federal Agencies OMB Guidance establishes 4 authentication assurance levels Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Little or no confidence in asserted identity Some confidence in asserted identity High confidence in asserted identity Very high confidence in the asserted identity This synopsizes the four levels of assurance and some of the high level security controls at each level. On-line with out-of-band verification for qualification Cryptographic solution Self-assertion minimum records On-line, instant qualification – out-of-band follow-up In person proofing Record a biometric Cryptographic Solution Hardware Token Assertion-based Crypto-based

13 Maximum Potential Impacts
FIPS 199 Risk/Impact Profiles Assurance Level Impact Profiles Potential Impact Categories for Authentication Errors 1 2 3 4 Inconvenience, distress or damage to standing or reputation Low Mod High Financial loss or agency liability Harm to agency programs or public interests N/A Unauthorized release of sensitive information Personal Safety Civil or criminal violations

14 Goals Leverage Industry credentials for Government use
Make Government more transparent to the Public Make it easier for American Public to access government information Avoid issuance of application-specific credentials Leverage Web 2.0 technologies Demonstrate feasibility with application(s) assessed at Assurance Level 1 Support applications at higher assurance levels as appropriate

15 Enabling e-Government
Business Process Redesign will result in standardized interfaces for logical access Streamlined access control/provisioning Well-understood Federated trust at multiple levels of assurance Level 4 will require PIV-I Levels 1-3 will recognize multiple solutions/identity schemes Greater trust in external credential validity Repeatable process

16 Summary Identity and Access Management Are Foundational to Information Sharing and Collaboration First release of Trust Framework Provider Approval Process and Identity Scheme Adoption Process available for public review Industry Partners are Fielding Identity Credentials as well as Creating Federations for Sharing & Collaboration Open ID Foundation infoCard Foundation InCommon Federation Progress Depends on Public-Private Partnering 16

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