Presentation on theme: "Creating Community in the Classroom"— Presentation transcript:
1 Creating Community in the Classroom By:Tiffanie M. ShookCreating Community in the ClassroomEDUC 540
2 “The PIES principles are what set cooperative learning apart from other approaches to instruction; the PIES principles are the lynchpin to successful cooperative learning.”
3 “If any of the PIES principles are not implemented, we may or may not get gains. Once we understand PIES and how to implement the principles, we are prepared to unleash the full potential of cooperative learning.”(Kagan, 2009)
4 ositive Interdependence Critical QuestionsQuestion 1:Positive Correlation: Are student on the same side?Question 2: Interdependence:Does the task require working together?Structures where Positive Interdependence is visible.Team-Pair-SoloJot ThoughtsBlind SequencingJigsawTalking Chips
5 ndividual Accountability Is Individual, public performance required?
6 Individual Accountability Three Components of Individual AccountabilityIndividualThe performance is done without help.PublicSomeone witnesses the performance.RequiredThe performance is required.Structures Create Individual AccountabilityNumbered Heads TogetherRallyRobinParaphrase PassportJigsaw and Co-op Co-opTalking Chips
7 Ways to Create Individual Accountability ListeningBrainstormingDecision-MakingComprehensionNote-TakingContributionsParticipationSkill MasteryTask CompletionAchievement
8 “When using cooperative teams, we ensure each individual is held accountable for thinking, contributing, and learning.”
9 E qual Participation Six Approaches to Equalizing Participation Individual AccountabilityRole AssignmentRulesThink TimeTime AllocationTurn TakingSix Structures that implement Equalizing ParticipationRound TableShowdownTalking ChipsThink-Pair-ShareTimed Pair Share4S Brainstorming
10 Equal Participation tells us that during pair work, one person is left out in a group of three or five, so groups of four are preferable.
11 Equal Participation Critical Question Is participation approximately equal?
12 “Those trained in the Kagan model are not satisfied with unstructured Group or Pair Discussion, in part because the Kagan model emphasizes Equal Participation.”
13 imultaneous Interaction Critical QuestionWhat percent of students are overly interacting at once?
14 “Active engagement increases student learning “Active engagement increases student learning. If students are off task, they are less likely to learn. If students are only occasionally engaged, they learn less than when they are regularly engaged.”
15 Popular Structures & PIES RoundTableJigsawShowdownTalking ChipsThink-Pair-ShareJot ThoughtsTimed pair share
16 PIES Present in Timed Pair Share Positive Interdependence: + The ideas of one student enrich the thinking of the other; each must contribute.Individual Accountability: + Each is required to perform in front of a peer.Equal Participation: + Each performs for the same amount of time.Simultaneous Interaction: + Half the class is verbalizing ideas at any one moment.Using a Timed Pair Share the teacher is confident that good cooperative learning has occurred as defined in the Kagan model because the PIES principles are "built into" the structure.(Kagan Online Magazine, Summer 2001)
17 ReferenceKagan Structures and Learning Together —What is the Difference? Dr. Spencer Kagan (Kagan Online Magazine, Summer 2001) ,Kagan, S., Kagan, M. (2009). Kagan cooperative learning. San Clemente, Ca: Kagan Publishing.The "E" of PIES, Dr. Spencer Kagan (Kagan Online Magazine, Summer 1999)