Presentation on theme: "“The PIES principles are what set cooperative learning apart from other approaches to instruction; the PIES principles are the lynchpin to successful."— Presentation transcript:
“The PIES principles are what set cooperative learning apart from other approaches to instruction; the PIES principles are the lynchpin to successful cooperative learning.”
“If any of the PIES principles are not implemented, we may or may not get gains. Once we understand PIES and how to implement the principles, we are prepared to unleash the full potential of cooperative learning.” (Kagan, 2009)
Critical Questions Question 1: – Positive Correlation: Are student on the same side? Question 2: Interdependence: – Does the task require working together? Structures where Positive Interdependence is visible. Team-Pair-Solo Jot Thoughts Blind Sequencing Jigsaw Talking Chips
Individual Accountability Three Components of Individual Accountability Individual – The performance is done without help. Public – Someone witnesses the performance. Required – The performance is required. Structures Create Individual Accountability Numbered Heads Together RallyRobin Paraphrase Passport Jigsaw and Co-op Co-op Talking Chips
“When using cooperative teams, we ensure each individual is held accountable for thinking, contributing, and learning.”
Six Approaches to Equalizing Participation Individual Accountability Role Assignment Rules Think Time Time Allocation Turn Taking Six Structures that implement Equalizing Participation Round Table Showdown Talking Chips Think-Pair-Share Timed Pair Share 4S Brainstorming
Equal Participation tells us that during pair work, one person is left out in a group of three or five, so groups of four are preferable.
Equal Participation Critical Question Is participation approximately equal?
“Those trained in the Kagan model are not satisfied with unstructured Group or Pair Discussion, in part because the Kagan model emphasizes Equal Participation.”
Critical Question What percent of students are overly interacting at once?
“Active engagement increases student learning. If students are off task, they are less likely to learn. If students are only occasionally engaged, they learn less than when they are regularly engaged.”
Popular Structures & PIES
PIES Present in Timed Pair Share Positive Interdependence: + The ideas of one student enrich the thinking of the other; each must contribute. Individual Accountability: + Each is required to perform in front of a peer. Equal Participation: + Each performs for the same amount of time. Simultaneous Interaction: + Half the class is verbalizing ideas at any one moment. Using a Timed Pair Share the teacher is confident that good cooperative learning has occurred as defined in the Kagan model because the PIES principles are "built into" the structure. (Kagan Online Magazine, Summer 2001)
Reference Kagan Structures and Learning Together —What is the Difference? Dr. Spencer Kagan (Kagan Online Magazine, Summer 2001), Kagan, S., Kagan, M. (2009). Kagan cooperative learning. San Clemente, Ca: Kagan Publishing. The "E" of PIES, Dr. Spencer Kagan (Kagan Online Magazine, Summer 1999)