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CAPITALIST IDEOLOGY: SMITH, DARWIN, AND SPENCER. I. Progress A. Progressivism B. Utilitarianism.

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Presentation on theme: "CAPITALIST IDEOLOGY: SMITH, DARWIN, AND SPENCER. I. Progress A. Progressivism B. Utilitarianism."— Presentation transcript:

1 CAPITALIST IDEOLOGY: SMITH, DARWIN, AND SPENCER

2 I. Progress A. Progressivism B. Utilitarianism

3 II. Ideology of Capitalism A. Adam Smith—Anti-Mercantilism 1. America 2. Greatest good for the greatest number of people 3. Physiocrats a. Farm Restrictions b. Laissez-Faire B. The Wealth of Nations— Law of Self Interest 2. Invisible Hand 3. Division of Labor– Pin Maker 4. Government Interaction

4 II. Ideology of Capitalism C. Other Capitalists 1. Thomas Malthus a. Population and Carrying Capacity b. Malthusian Check c. Capitalism 2. David Ricardo—Poverty

5 III. Darwin and Spencer A. Evolution before Darwin 1. Lyell—Inherited Traits 2. Social Evolution B. Charles Darwin— The Origin of Species, Natural Selection 2. The Descent of Man

6 III. Darwin and Spencer C. Herbert Spencer 1. Disagreed with Natural Selection 2. Survival of the Fittest D. Social Darwinism 1. Applied Spencer to Social Differences 2. Use


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