Presentation on theme: "Western Tidewater Health District"— Presentation transcript:
1 Western Tidewater Health District City of SuffolkCity of FranklinIsle of WightSouthamptonWTHD 2013 Health ProfileNancy M. Welch, MD,MHA, MBAInterim Health DirectorMarch 2014
2 Contents Note from Director 4 PUBLIC HEALTH“The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort.”—Winslow, 1920Note from Director 4Demographics and Access to Healthcare 5- 6Chronic DiseaseMaternal & Child HealthWomen, Infants & Children 23Communicable Disease 23-29Environmental Health 31
3 Public HealthImproving community health requires engagement of both individuals and local leaders.
4 Note from the Director-- This year’s report provides information on Western Tidewater’s health status, as compared against state benchmarks.Perhaps more importantly, in most cases, the data is presented within the context of a five-year trend line to make it clear whether the status is improving or getting worse.Although Western Tidewater compares favorably in many health categories, we continue to face challenges in several areas including: access to healthcare and health insurance coverage, diabetes, obesity, birth outcomes, heart disease, and sexually transmitted disease rates.Significant local initiatives such as: nurse family partnership, remote patient monitoring and medication programs have been launched to address some of the most compelling health challenges such as birth outcomes and chronic disease.Clearly, there are many health challenges that we must face as a community. Most require individuals to make lifestyle choices to protect and improve their own health.Other improvements will require societal action and perhaps policy change. The health of a community is contingent on the health of its individual citizens and impacts economic stability, educational progress and family unity.The staff of the Western Tidewater Health District is committed to working with all stakeholders in an effort to make Western Tidewater a healthier place to live, work and play. We would also like to thank OBICI Health Care Foundation and Franklin/Southampton Charities for Funding services that otherwise would not be available to citizens Nancy M. Welch, MD, MHA, MBAInterim DirectorCurrent Primary Health Concerns & Trends:— Increasing prevalence of diabetics and obesity— Continued designation of all localities as a Health/Professional shortage for Mental Health Services— Need to continue emphasis on improved outcome so we can reach rates less that state rates
5 Demographics and Access to Health Care The number of uninsured Virginian’s soared by 10% between 2009 and 2010, significantly higher than the increase in the nation as a whole (US average increase 7%).The majority of uninsured (69.6%) are part of working families.Nearly 15% of Virginians under age 65 are without medical insurance (14.6%).70.6% of Virginia’s uninsured have incomes below 200% FPL.The uninsured in Virginia represent all racial/ ethnic groups and the vast majority are US citizens.47% are Caucasian24% are African American20% are Hispanic7% are Asian/Pacific IslandersSource: VHCF Profile of the UninsuredWTHD Medically Underserved Areas
6 Accessible/Affordable Health Care for Vulnerable Populations What is the impact of being uninsured?Uninsured populations may experience worsened chronic disease control, higher complication rates, and lower survival rates and their children also suffer unmet medical needs.A higher percentage of uninsured residents than those below poverty level may indicate more working poor who do not qualify for assistance insurance, such as Medicaid, FAMIS or Medicare.Without insurance, not only is it difficult to access care, but also to obtain needed medications. All too often the choice may be between food or healthcare.In 2011, the U.S. Census Bureau defined the poverty level as a combined annual income of approx. $22,350 for a family of four.
7 Chronic Disease Risk Factors and Health Indicators Cardiovascular DiseaseDiabetes MellitusCerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Malignant Neoplasms
8 Risk Factors Related to Chronic Disease Chronic disease does not happen randomly or just by chance. The odds of a person developing a chronic disease are directly related to one or more risk factors that he or she has.These risk factors may be generally categorized into one of two categories:
9 Chronic Disease Risk Factors -- Diabetes The number of Americans diagnosed with diabetes has more than tripled since 1980, primarily due to Type 2 diabetes, which is closely linked to a rise in obesity, inactivity, and older age.In 2012, 26% of adults in Western Tidewater reported no leisure time physical activity or no physical activity or exercise in the last 30 days, other than at their regular jobs.
10 Chronic Disease Risk Factors -- Diabetes is Costly Summary statistics for hospital discharges with a diabetes diagnosis, Virginia, 2009Any diagnosisPrimary diagnosisTotal diabetes discharges163,47811,681Hospitalization rate207.1 per 10,00014.5 per 10,000Percent of all hospitalizations19.8%1.4%Total charges$5.16 billion$280.6 millionAverage charges per discharge$31,538$24,026.00Average length of stay5.5 days4.9 daysBecause a diabetes diagnosis may occur in one of 18 diagnosis fields, limiting analyses to primary diagnoses underestimates the burden of diabetes-related hospital stays. The age-adjusted hospital discharge rate of persons with a primary diabetes diagnosis was 14.5 per 10,000 and with any diagnosis of diabetes.Rates among African American Virginians with any diabetes diagnosis were more that double that of Caucasian Virginians (359.6/10,000 vs /10,000). Hospital discharge rates were higher among men than women, and increased with age.*Source: Virginia Health Information Hospital Discharge Dataset, 2009The very high diabetes hospitalization discharge rate for Franklin (and low prevalence) may indicate that many diabetics are diagnosed when hospitalization is required due to a crises. This information serves as a major impetus to expand access to medical care.
11 Chronic Disease Risk Factors – Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Diabetes affects 8.3 percent of Americans of all ages, and 11.3 percent of adults aged 20 and older, according to the National Diabetes Fact Sheet for About 27 percent of those with diabetes (7 million Americans) do not know they have the disease. Pre-diabetes affects 35 percent of adults aged 20 and older.(b)The average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were 2.3 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes.(c,d)a)b)c)d)The BRFSS 2012 data is not directly comparable to years of BRFSS data before 2011 because of the changes in weighting methodology and the addition of the cell phone sampling frame.2011/2012 BRFSS Updated Weighting, Definition & Sampling Methodology (cannot compare w/previous years’ data)2011201224.015.0WT Health District10.011.0VA
12 Chronic Disease Risks Factors – Obesity 2011/2012 BRFSS Updated Weighting, Definition & Sampling Methodology (includes Overweight & Obese #s—cannot compare w/previous years)2011201277.070.0WT Health District63.064.0VAThe BRFSS 2012 data is not directly comparable to years of BRFSS data before 2011 because of the changes in weighting methodology and the addition of the cell phone sampling frame.In , 35.7% of U.S. adults and 16.9% of children and adolescents were obese.The average annual medical costs for an obese person are $1,429 more than those of a normal weight person.
13 Chronic Disease-- Deaths from Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Source:
14 Chronic Disease – Cardiovascular Disease People at risk of death from Heart Disease are those:With high cholesterol and/or high blood pressureOver age 65,Who use tobacco, andWho are overweight or obese.In 2011, 323 people died from Diseases of the Heart in Western Tidewater Health District.Although there was an average 30% decrease in the death rate for the localities from 2006 to 2011, their rates were still higher than the State.Virginia’s death rate in 2011 was
15 Chronic Disease – Cerebrovascular (Stroke) Cerebrovascular disease deaths, including stroke, are decreasing in all of Western Tidewater Health District since 2006.However, only Isle of Wight is below the state rate.Uncontrolled hypertension is a major cause of stroke.“The real tragedy is that overweight and obesity , and their related chronic diseases, are largely preventable.”~ Robert Beaglehole
16 Chronic Disease – Malignant Neoplasms The reduction on the death ratio from Malignant Neoplasms most likely reflects improved medical care and/or earlier detection.How It’s MeasuredCancer is measured by the number of expected new cases in a year and the rate of cancer deaths.The Healthy People objective for deaths due to cancer is no more than deaths per 100,000 people.Source:
18 MCH – Causes of Infant Mortality The exact cause behind the relative differences in infant mortality rates across regions is unclear. Generally, however, the rate is associated with:Maternal healthQuality and access to medical careSocioeconomic conditions, including poverty, substandard housing, illiteracy, substance abuse, and exposure to pollutants.In Virginia, the three leading causes of infant deaths are:Birth defectsExtreme immaturity (preterm birth and low-birth weight)SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)
19 MCH -- Infant Mortality Infant mortality is the death of an infant, prior to one year of age, who was born alive.In Virginia, the three leading causes of infant mortality are:Birth DefectsExtreme immaturity (pre-term birth and low birth weight)SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)
20 MCH -- Low Birth WeightLow birth weight (LBW) may result from numerous factors:medical conditionslimited prenatal carepoor nutrition, to name a few.Women, Infant and Children (WIC) has been proven to dramatically improve birth weight.LBW is of concern because it immediately places the child at greater risk of newborn medical problems, delayed growth and educational achievement. Some studies find LBW babies have a greater risk of chronic diseases as an adult.
21 MCH -- PrematurityThe prematurity rate for all Western Tidewater locations is less than that of the State.Suffolk has already attained a MOD 2020 goal of 9.6% or less prematurity rate.In 2012 WTHD experienced 30 fewer preterm deliveries than it would have if they were at the 2011 State preterm delivery rate of 11.4%.The Institute of Medicine determined that the annual societal economic burden associated with pre-term birth was $51,600 per pre-term infant.Southampton(*2012 Preliminary Data)Source: WTHD Birth Outcomes study by Dr. H. Kulberg, MD. MPH(2012 totals not available for VA)
22 While in 2012 Franklin City teenage pregnancy is 56% higher than the State, it shows a decreasing trend, along with Suffolk City , Isle of Wight County, and Southampton.A lack of adequate prenatal care has been strongly linked to poor birth outcomes (infant death, low birth weight (<2500 grams), prematurity (<37 weeks).MCH -- Teen Pregnancy
23 Women, Infants & Children WIC has been proven to improve birth outcomes, so the decrease in number of participants and show-rates is compelling evidence of a need to increase our community education in this area.Suffolk has the highest participation, followed by Franklin, Isle of Wight and Southampton/Pughsville.In 2013, there were approximately 3,000 Western Tidewater citizens enrolled in WIC. The value of WIC to the community grocers is $165,247/month or $1,982,967/year.Women, Infants & Children
24 Communicable Diseases “It’s a lot harder to keep people well than it is to just get them over a sickness.”~ De Forest Clinton Jarvis
25 Tuberculosis CasesTuberculosis is measured by the rate of clinician- reported cases per 100,000 people. Cases are confirmed through Health Department investigations.The Healthy People objective for tuberculosis is no more than one new case annually per 100,000 people.Source:
26 Sexually Transmitted Diseases According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, one in every four teenage girls is infected with an STD. In Virginia, the highest rates of gonorrhea and Chlamydia are in young women aged between years.
27 Sexually Transmitted Infections --Chlamydia Cases Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a bacterium. Chlamydia can infect both men and women and can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman's reproductive organs.Most people who have Chlamydia don’t know it since the disease often has no symptoms.
29 Sexually Transmitted Infections --Total Early Syphilis
30 Sexually Transmitted Infections --Newly Diagnosed HIV Cases
31 Environmental HealthDemands for restaurant inspections are growing and septic system applications are increasing and are more complex as new developments increase in our area. Our staff must be ever vigilant in assuring that we are free from foodborne and waterborne outbreaks.We investigate animal bites a year & work with animal control, private physicians and the individuals to either quarantine the animal or recommend rabies prophylaxis.For additional available services or to report an animal bite please call Western Tidewater Health District at (757)Franklin City Animal Control (757)Isle of Wight Animal Control (757)Suffolk Animal Control (757)
32 Public health is the cheapest, yet one of the most broad- scoped health insurance programs in existence. And every citizen of the community is on our plan! From the wealthiest taxpayer to the struggling welfare recipient, we care about your health and look out for your well-being.We want you to know the benefits you're receiving for a mere "premium" of about $12.90 per person in Franklin, $14.76/person in Isle of Wight, $16.02/person in Southampton, and $9.86 in Suffolk. We want you to know how we prevent disease, promote healthy behaviors and protect you from environmental risks.For more information, contact: