Letter to Captain Smith from J. Bruce Ismay (August 11, 1911) Dear Sir, We confirm the verbal instructions given to you at Southampton last week that it will be right for you to go full speed when on the short track, subject to your considering it prudent and in the interests of safe navigation to do so. This instruction applies to both eastbound and westbound voyages when on the short track. Yours faithfully, (Signed) For Ismay, Imrie & Co:
Titanic’s Maiden Voyage On April 3: Titanic arrives in Southampton
Sailing (April 10, 1912) 9:30-11:30 am: Second and Third class passengers board 11:30 am: First class passengers board
Ticket Prices First Class Parlor Suite: £870/$4,350 First Class Berth: £30/$150 Second Class: £12/$60 Third Class: £3 to £8/$40
Sailing (April 11-12, 1912) Titanic covers miles of water Calm water and good weather continues
Warning (April 13, 1912) 9:00 am: Ice Warning from Caronia 11:40 am: Ice Warning from Noordam 1:42 pm: Ice Warning from Baltic 1:45 pm: Ice Warning from Amerika
Warning (April 13, 1912) 5:30-7:30 pm: Air temperatures plummet 5:50 pm: Captain Smith alters Titanic’s course 7:30 pm: Ice Warnings from Californian
Warning (April 13, 1912) 8:40 pm: Look after fresh water supply 8:55 pm: Captain discusses clear weather and visibility of ice 9:20 pm: Captain Smith retires for the night 9:30 pm: Crew advised to watch out for icebergs until morning.
Warning (April 14, 1912) 9:40 pm: Ice warning from Mesaba 10:00 pm: Lookouts are relieved 10:30 pm: Sea temperature drops
Disaster (April 14, 1912) 11:50 pm: Water has risen to 14 feet 12:00 am: Water has risen 24 feet, Thomas Andrews calculates the ship will stay afloat for 1 - 1 ½ hours
Disaster (April 15, 1912) 12:05 am: uncover lifeboats and get passengers ready 12:15-12:17 am: Titanic sends out distress signals to nearby ships Titanic’s orchestra continues to play music on deck
Disaster (April 15, 1912) 12:20 am: Water has reached 48 feet 12:25 am: Women and children ordered into lifeboats, Carpathia picks up signals
Disaster (April 15, 1912) Distress Rockets being sent Lifeboats are being lowered – Not being filled to capacity – Lives are foolishly being lost
Disaster (April 15, 1912) 1:15 am: Water reaches Titanic’s name on the bow 1:45 am: Last words heard by Carpathia from Titanic 2:05 am: The last lifeboat leaves the ship
Disaster (April 15, 1912) The tilt of Titanic’s deck becomes steeper and steeper. 2:17 am: – ‘Every man for himself’ – Father Thomas Byles gives absolution – Passengers and crew jump overboard – Titanic’s funnel collapses
On a Lifeboat “…The first wish on the part of all was to stay near the Titanic. We all felt so much safer near the ship. Surely such a vessel could not sink. I thought the danger must be exaggerated, and we could all be taken aboard again. But surely the outline of that great, good ship was growing less...” -Elizabeth Shute, age 40, first class
Disaster (April 15, 1912) 2:18 am: Titanic splits in two – Bow sinks – Sterns remains afloat 2:20 am: Stern sinks A lifeboat goes around the disaster site to search for survivors
Rescue (April 15, 1912) 3:30 am: Carpathia’s rockets are spotted 4:10 am: Carpathia picks up the first lifeboat 5:30-8:30 am: Lifeboats continue to be rescued, California arrives at the disaster
Rescue (April 15, 1912) 8:50 am: Carpathia leaves for New York J. Bruce Ismay writes to White Star offices: – "Deeply regret advise you Titanic sank this morning after collision with iceberg, resulting in serious loss of life. Full particulars later."
Titanic survivors aboard the Carpathia Titanic survivors in a lifeboat
Searching for Bodies White Star Line sends out boats to go searching for bodies – Mackay-Bennett – Minia – Montmagny, – Algerina 328 bodies picked up
Wallace Hartley Concertmaster of Titanic’s orchestra Continued playing until final moments Body found on April 30
Wreck of the Titan 1898: Morgan Robertson writes a fictional story about a ship called Titan that sinks in the North Atlantic from collision with an iceberg
Weak Rivets Said to be the main factor of the sinking Shortage on Rivets Bad metal
Captain Smith Retirement Wanted to make record time Ignored initial ice warnings
Thomas Andrews Ship’s designer Belief that the ship was unsinkable Bad designing
Captain Lord Captain of Californian Turned off radio Crew reported seeing rockets
Widely Accepted Split Theory Large angle from water filling the bow area Split from weight of stern Stern split down
Keel Theory Roger Long New Parts of the double bottom keel were found
Random Titanic Facts There was no room numbered 13 The Titanic is as long as the Empire State Building is tall RMS stands for Royal Mail Steamer Two dogs were among the Titanic survivors It took Titanic 15 minutes to sink to her final resting place
Information Sources “Titanic Construction.” Titanic Facts. 2005. May 17 2011. http://www.titanic- facts.com/titanic-construction.html http://www.titanic- facts.com/titanic-construction.html “Titanic – Construction.” History on the Net. March 3, 2010. May 18, 2011. http://www.historyonthenet.com/Titanic/construction.htm http://www.historyonthenet.com/Titanic/construction.htm “Titanic.” Cheddar Bay. May 18, 2011.
"name": "Information Sources Titanic Construction. Titanic Facts.",
"description": "2005. May 17 2011. http://www.titanic- facts.com/titanic-construction.html http://www.titanic- facts.com/titanic-construction.html Titanic – Construction. History on the Net. March 3, 2010. May 18, 2011. http://www.historyonthenet.com/Titanic/construction.htm http://www.historyonthenet.com/Titanic/construction.htm Titanic. Cheddar Bay. May 18, 2011.
Sources (Cont.) Metelko, Karl. “Titanic’s Maiden Voyage.” Echoes of the Titanic Disaster. http://www.webtitanic.net/framemaid.html http://www.webtitanic.net/framemaid.html http://www.gettysburgghosts.net/titan.htm Shute, Elizabeth. “The Sinking of Titanic – 1912.” Eyewitness to History. May 23, 2011. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/titanic.htm http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/titanic.htm “Weak Rivets Might Have Caused the Titanic to Sink.” Titanic Universe. May 24, 2011. http://www.titanicuniverse.com/weak-rivets-might-have-caused-the-titanic-to- sink/1108 http://www.titanicuniverse.com/weak-rivets-might-have-caused-the-titanic-to- sink/1108 “The Titanic – Why did the Titanic sink?” History on the Net. May 24, 2011. http://www.historyonthenet.com/Titanic/blame.htm http://www.historyonthenet.com/Titanic/blame.htm Bender, Dan. “How the Sinking of Titanic Changed the World.” Coast Guard Compass. May 25, 2011. http://coastguard.dodlive.mil/2010/04/how-the-sinking-of-the-titanic- changed-the-world/http://coastguard.dodlive.mil/2010/04/how-the-sinking-of-the-titanic- changed-the-world/ “Discovery of the Titanic.” Titanic - Titanic. May 25, 2011. http://www.titanic- titanic.com/discovery_of_titanic.shtmlhttp://www.titanic- titanic.com/discovery_of_titanic.shtml “Olympic, Titanic, Britannic.” Olympic Class Liners. May 25, 2011. http://chrismischler.tripod.com/ http://chrismischler.tripod.com/ “Interesting Facts.” Titanic Story. May 25, 2011. http://www.titanicstory.com/interest.htm http://www.titanicstory.com/interest.htm
Sources (Cont.) Barczewski, Stephanie. Titanic: A Night Remembered. London: Hambledon and London, 2004. Butler, Daniel. Unsinkable. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1998. Lord, Walter. A Night Remembered. New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1955.