Presentation on theme: "VA/US History SOL Test Review"— Presentation transcript:
1VA/US History SOL Test Review Mrs. Francis 2012NRHSTO PASS THE SOL
2These pictures depict the adventures of Captain John Smith, who became the head of which colony? A) New AmsterdamB) PlymouthC) RoanokeD) Jamestown
3William Penn, pictured here, was a member of what faith? A) QuakerB) ShakerC) HuguenotD) Calvinist
4Judging from the "Native Americans" aboard the ship, this picture portrays the A) Boston Massacre.B) Sons of Liberty.C) Boston Tea Party.D) Virginia Resolves
5The patriot soldiers in this depiction of the Battle of Lexington and Concord are also known asA) Sons of Liberty.B) Minutemen.C) Creoles.D) Men of Liberty.
6The person being strung up on the pole in this picture is more than likely aA) Hessian.B) minuteman.C) Huguenot.D) Loyalist.
7If the battle represented here is Yorktown, than the American general receiving the surrender in this picture isA) John Burgoyne.B)George WashingtonC) Jeffrey Amherst.D) Lord Cornwallis
8If the battle represented here is Yorktown, than the American general received assistance from A) John Burgoyne, NetherlandsB) Marquis de Lafayette, FranceC) Jeffrey Amherst. Great BritainD) Lord Cornwallis, England
9At the second Continental Congress, James Madison, pictured here,offered which of the following legislature?A) the New Jersey PlanB) the Virginia PlanC) Report on ManufacturesD) the Great Compromise
10This lithograph, with George Washington at its center, depicts which of the following? A) Confederation CongressB) Checks and BalancesC) the Founding FathersD) Whiskey Rebellion
11Among other things, Thomas Jefferson was instrumental in the creation of the first party system. What was Jefferson's political party?A) FederalistsB) AntifederalistsC) RepublicansD) Whigs
12The man in this picture was appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court by John Adams. He isA) Edmund Randolph.B) John Marshall.C) Aaron Burr.D) William Paterson.
13The cotton gin, depicted here, was invented byA) Robert Fulton.B) Eli Whitney.C) James Barron.D) Zebulon Pike.
14The cotton gin, depicted here, was going toMake picking cotton easierfor slavesB) More slaves being importedC) Make picking cotton fasterD) More money earned by slaves
15Vice-president under Andrew Jackson, John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, is best remembered for formulating the doctrine ofA) nullification.B) patronage.C) specie circular.D) soft money.
16This mocking cartoon of "King Andrew I" was probably used as propaganda for which party?A) FederalistsB) DemocratsC) RepublicansD) Whigs
17This nineteenth-century cartoon depicts newly arrived immigrants in conversation. Which country are they likely from?A) GermanyB) ScotlandC) CzechoslovakiaD) Ireland
18This picture illustrates an 1831 slave uprising in Southampton County, Virginia. The leader of this uprising wasA) Gabriel Prosser.B) Frederick Douglass.C) Denmark Vesey.D) Nat Turner.
19Pictured here is arguably the most influential and controversial abolitionist of his day. Who is he?A) William Lloyd GarrisonB) Frederick DouglassC) W.E.B. Du BoisD) Booker T. Washington
20The situation depicted here is most likely a scene from A) Last of the Mohicans.B) “The Raven. “C) Uncle Tom's Cabin.D) Common Sense
21The woman pictured here wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin. She is A) Ida B. WellsB) Harriet Beecher Stowe.C) Susan B. Anthony.D) Harriet Tubman
22The idea being expressed in this picture is most likely A) abolitionism.B) sectionalism.C) popular sovereignty.D) Manifest Destiny.
23The man in this pictured served as the first and only president of the Confederate States of America. He isA) Alexander Stephens.B) Jefferson Davis.C) Braxton Bragg.D) Robert E. Lee.
24Here Echo Company, 4th Regiment of the United States Colored Infantry stands in formation. The legislation that first allowed forthe creation of black regiments wasA) 1st Confiscation Act.B) 2nd Confiscation Act.C) Conscription Act.D) Emancipation Proclamation
25In this house, the Civil War ended. It must be located A) Cold Harbor.B) Spotsylvania Courthouse.C) Appomattox Courthouse.D) Bull Run.
26This portrait is harshly critical of the Southern Black Codes passed in 1865. Which of the following provisions was not part of the Black Codes?A) Blacks could not own or lease farms.B) Blacks could not testify in court.C) Blacks could not marry within their race.D) Blacks must work as domestic servants or plantation workers.
27This cartoon depicts white intimidation of black voters This cartoon depicts white intimidation of black voters. Which amendment to theConstitution states that the right to vote cannot be abridged "on account of race,color, or previous condition of servitude"?A) Thirteenth AmendmentB) Fourteenth AmendmentC) Fifteenth AmendmentD) Sixteenth Amendment
28A group of freedmen and freedwomen look on from the former Confederate capital of Richmond. Which amendment to the Constitution ended slaveryeverywhere in the United States?A) Thirteenth AmendmentB) Fourteenth AmendmentC) Fifteenth AmendmentD) Sixteenth Amendment
29As a result of the Compromise of 1877, the man pictured here became president, and federal troops were taken out of the South, ending Reconstruction.A) Ulysses S. GrantB) Rutherford B. HayesC) Samuel TildenD) William Seward
30This horrifying image illustrates the African-American lynchings that became all too common in the "New" South. Which of the following launched an international anti-lynching movement in 1892?A) Booker T. WashingtonB) Ida B. WellsC) David DavisD) Henry Grady
31The man in this picture founded the Tuskegee Institute and offered white Southernersthe Atlanta Compromise. Who is he?A) David DavisB) W.E.B. Du BoisC) Booker T. WashingtonD) Jay Cooke
32Under the terms of what legislation might this Nebraska family have received their land?A) Dawes ActB) Morrill ActC) Homestead ActD) Chinese Exclusion Act
33These are the oil well derricks in Titusville, Pennsylvania, established in 1859 by Edwin Drake. What is the name ofDrake's former boss, who first discovered the process tomake steel from iron?A) Abram HewittB) Henry BessemerC) George BissellD) Charles F. Brush
34This man became known not only for shrewd consolidation of Standard Oil but also his fantastic wealth. Who is he?A) Andrew CarnegieB) Cornelius VanderbiltC) J.P. MorganD) John D. Rockefeller
35This Scottish immigrant, along with his associate Henry Clay Frick, went from owning one steelworks in Pittsburgh to dominating the steel industry. Author ofThe Gospel of Wealth in 1901, he isA) Andrew Carnegie.B) Cornelius Vanderbilt.C) J.P. Morgan.D) John D. Rockefeller.
36This prolific American inventor is credited with, among other things, the phonograph, the motion picture, and the light bulb. He isA) Abram Hewitt.B) J.P. Morgan.C) Thomas Edison.D) Henry Ford.
37Advisor to the president and the most powerful banker of his age, this man eventually bought Andrew Carnegie's steel interests and merged them to formU.S. Steel. He isA) Andrew Carnegie.B) Cornelius Vanderbilt.C) J.P. Morgan.D) John D. Rockefeller
38Violence erupts during the railroad strike of 1877, which began after the eastern railroads announced a10 percent wage cut. During the numerous strikes of this period,the winning side was usuallyA the workersB the governmentC the unionsD the business owners
39This man founded the American Federation of Labor. Who is he?A) Eugene DebsB) George PullmanC) Samuel GompersD) Edward Bellamy
40This picture of the 1898 naval battle in Manila Bay commemorates the victory in what country?A)PhilippinesB) GuamC) Puerto RicoD) Cuba
41William Howard Taft was the architect of which Latin American policy? A yellow journalismB Roosevelt CorollaryC dollar diplomacyD 14 Points
42Governor Edwin Morrow of Kentucky signs a resolution ratifying an amendment to the Constitution. Given his milieu, which amendment is he likely signing?A) Seventeenth AmendmentB) Eighteenth AmendmentC) Nineteenth AmendmentD) Twenty-First Amendment
43This Harvard-educated sociologist and historian helped found the NAACP and is probably best remembered for his classic work The Souls of Black Folk. He isA) Booker T. Washington.B) W.E.B. Du Bois.C) Langston Hughes.D) Marcus Garvey
44Once head of the American Railway Union, this man formed the Socialist Party of America and was its four-time presidential candidate. He was part of thePullman Strike. He isA) William "Big Bill" Haywood.B) Herbert Croly.C) Eugene Debs.D) Louis Brandeis
45Surveyors take a break from hard work in the swamps of Panama Surveyors take a break from hard work in the swamps of Panama. Which of the following countries controlled Panama before an American aided coup?A) SpainB) ColombiaC) MexicoD) France
46Here, the U.S. Food Administration encourages citizens to save sugar for thewar effort. This effort was calledA ConservationB RationingC War bondsD Savings bonds
47One of the heroes of the 1920s, this "self-made" man shortened work weeks, developed the assembly line, raised wages, and instituted paid vacations at all of hisDetroit plants. His name isA) Charles Lindbergh.B) Bruce Barton.C) Henry Ford.D) Alfred Smith
48The American general in this photograph was placed in charge of planning the Allied invasion of German-occupied France. He isA) George Marshall.B) Dwight Eisenhower.C) George Patton.D) Douglas MacArthur.
49The Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944 is more widely-known as A) D-Day.B) the Battle of Midway.C) the Battle of the Bulge.D) the Battle of Saint-Lô.
50The Allied invasion of France took place on the beaches ofA) Dunkirk.B) Vichy.C) Guadalcanal.D) Normandy.
51This famous photograph, now memorialized in a statue just outside of Washington, D.C., was taken 750 miles from Tokyo, after the costliest battle in the history of theU.S. Marine Corps. Where was it?A) Marshall IslandsB) Iwo JimaC) OkinawaD) Midway
52Navajo Marines who used their native language to confuse possible Japanese listeners were part of what WWII program?A) UltraB) EnigmaC) Code-talkersD) Braceros
53The woman worker in this famous World War II poster is colloquially known asA) Rosie the Riveter.B) Polly Production.C) Wanda the Welder.D) Betty Builder.
54This Japanese-American girl awaits transportation with her family's belongings to a "relocation center" during WWII. When did Congress finally act to redress the wrongsof Japanese internment?A) the FiftiesB) the SixtiesC) the EightiesD) the Nineties
55Five years after WWII, American soldiers found themselves once again on the battlefield. Although the tide of warwould turn several times during the Korean conflict, the wareventually endedA in a stalemateB with Allied forces defeating the CommunistsC with NATO forces defeating the CommunistsD with Chinese forces defeating the Allies
56The U. S. tests a nuclear weapon on the island of Bikini Atoll The U.S. tests a nuclear weapon on the island of Bikini Atoll. American fears overnuclear disaster, as reflected in genres like film noir and television shows likeThe Twilight Zone, grew even more strident after the Soviet Union detonated theirown nuclear device. Who among the following was put to death soon thereafter forsuspected Soviet espionage and subversion?A) Alger HissB) Klaus FuchsC) Whittaker ChambersD) Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
57For eight years, Dwight Eisenhower presided over the "affluent society Which of the following was his policy against possible invasion from the Soviet Union?A) Massive ResistanceB) Federal Highway ActC) Massive RetaliationD) Containment
58African-American protestors march for school integration after the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education. Who would become the chief justice of the Supreme Court after handling the Brown case for the NAACP?A) John MarshallB) Earl WarrenC) Oliver HillD) Thurgood Marshall
59In July of 1969, the first man walked on the moon. His name is A) John Glenn.B) Alan Shepard.C) Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin.D) Neil Armstrong.
60This aerial photograph of "ballistic missile bases" in Cuba sparked the Cuban Missile Crisis in October of It is still considered by many to be the closest America andRussia ever came to nuclear war. How did President Kennedy describe the conclusionof this confrontation?A) the US lost the stare down contest.B) The “other guy just blinked”.C) The U.S. would not invade Vietnam.D) Russia could keep Poland.
61In the end, Richard Nixon escaped impeachment and conviction for the Watergate affair by becoming the first President in American History toA) visit ChinaB) refuse to run for office a second timeC) resign from officeD) testifying against the actual culprits
62With the aid of a coalition that included free-market conservatives and the New Right, President Ronald Reagan presided over a sweeping conservative revolutionwhose effects are still being felt today.Which of the following was not part of the Reagan agenda?A) "Star Wars"B) the Gulf WarC) ReaganomicsD) lowering taxes for the wealthy
63Perhaps no other man did as much to bring an end to the Cold War as Gorbachev, pictured here signing an Arms Reduction treaty with President George H. W. Bush.Gorbachev quickly transformed Soviet politics with two dramatic new initiatives –glasnost and perestroika. Simply put, what do these two words refer to?A) openness and reformB) reform and freedomC) freedom and opennessD) freedom and democracy
64While success in the realm of domestic policy eluded him, President George H. W. Bush presided over some of the most tumultuous global events in recent history.Which of the following did not occur during the first Bush administration?A) Operation Desert StormB) collapse of Soviet UnionC) end of ApartheidD) invasion of Kuwait
65Despite almost constant angry disapproval from Republicans, who initiated impeachment proceedings against him in 1998,William Jefferson Clinton managed to serve two terms overthe course of the 1990s that were marked by surprising levelsof economic growth. To which country did Clinton extendhumanitarian aid in a time of civil war?A the former Soviet UnionB KuwaitC YugoslaviaD Saudi Arabia
66President Clinton's approach to trade was to A) create protectionist tariffs through the negotiation of NAFTA.B) isolate the United States from the global market as much as possible.C) support a global economic perspective and advocate free tradethrough NAFTA.D) dismiss the idea of free trade.
67Each of the following was a result of the scientific and technological boom of the late twentieth century EXCEPTA) the Internet.B) the personal computer.C) the cure for Alzheimer's disease.D) Microsoft.
68In response to concerns about the federal budget, the Federal Reserve Bank Washington, D.C.In response to concerns about the federal budget, theReagan administrationA) raised income taxes.B) cut defense spending.C) cut the budget for domestic assistance programsD) raised income taxes and interest rates.
69The term "Vietnamization" referred to the policy of A) using propaganda to develop public support for the war.B) training United States troops to understand Vietnamese socialcustoms.C) shifting the emphasis of the United States military from traditionalto guerrilla warfare.D) shifting the burden of actual combat to the South Vietnamese army.
70Each of the following was part of the 1964 Civil Rights Act EXCEPT A) prohibition of segregation in "public accommodations."B) voting rights.C) bans on employment discrimination.D) an increase of lawsuits on behalf of school integration.
712009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education These questions were taken from the open public website of on June 4, No claim to ownership or copyright is made herein. The information in this powerpoint is solely for educational, non-profit purposes.American History: A Survey, 13/eBy Alan Brinkley, Columbia University20092009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education