Presentation on theme: "JCR 269A: Arctic hydrate dissociation as a consequence of climate change: determining the vulnerable methane reservoir and gas escape mechanisms Follow-up."— Presentation transcript:
JCR 269A: Arctic hydrate dissociation as a consequence of climate change: determining the vulnerable methane reservoir and gas escape mechanisms Follow-up to IPY cruise JR211 Tim Minshull National Oceanography Centre Southampton
JCR 269A Research Objectives How much gas might be released as the Arctic warms, and how quickly and by what routes will it be released? “Steady state” dissociation“Disturbed state” dissociation
? Methane Flux ? Atmospheric Venting ? Gas Volume ? Gas Release Mechanism ? Hydrate Inventory JCR 269A Research Objectives 1.Define the structural and sedimentary architecture of sites of gas venting at the landward limit of hydrate stability and at a pockmark in deeper water where gas is being released. 2.Determine the migration pathways for free gas. 3.Determine the sub-seabed distribution and amounts of hydrate and free gas (mainly during follow-up cruise in 2012).
The West Svalbard margin The West Svalbard shelf and slope: is bathed by a northward flowing filament of the North Atlantic Current which is a crucial “barometer” of global ocean warming, is an area of known methane venting with over 250 individual gas bubble plumes ascending through the water-column (with the pre-dominant majority located at the immediate landward edge of the gas hydrate stability zone at ~396 m water depth), is relatively easily accessible with frequent visits of Norwegian, German, and UK vessels for sustained observing programmes.
JCR269A Cruise Objectives Acquisition of a series of very-high-resolution seismic reflection profiles using Ifremer’s SYSIF deep-towed Chirp profiler, at a site on the shelf and at a deep-water pockmark site Determining seismic velocities close to the seafloor by recording the SYSIF signal on ocean bottom seismometers Acquisition of complementary high-resolution seismic reflection profiles using Ifremer’s mini-GI gun and the University of Southampton’s high-resolution multichannel streamer Testing of the Southampton DASI electromagnetic source and recording of this source on seabed instruments
JCR269A Cruise Schedule Tentative schedule is: Day 1- depart Longyearbyen Days – SYSIF profiling in methane plume area, including deployment and recovery of OBSs Day 4 - deployment/recovery of seafloor electromagnetic equipment and test deployment of DASI Days 5 – 7 – OBS deployment, SYSIF profiling and OBS recovery in Vestnesa Ridge area Days 7 – 9 – profiling with mini-GI gun with multichannel streamer in both areas and additional SYSIF profiling in methane plume area Day 10 – depart for UK