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1 SUBCHAPTER 9 SULFUR IN FUELS. 2 Donna Summers Sr Env Specialist – Air Compliance & Enforcement 856 – 614 - 3601.

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Presentation on theme: "1 SUBCHAPTER 9 SULFUR IN FUELS. 2 Donna Summers Sr Env Specialist – Air Compliance & Enforcement 856 – 614 - 3601."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 SUBCHAPTER 9 SULFUR IN FUELS

2 2 Donna Summers Sr Env Specialist – Air Compliance & Enforcement 856 –

3 3

4 4 NJAC 7:27-9 Reduction in sulfur content of commercial fuel oil #2 oil #4 oil #6 oil

5 5 2, ,000ppm 500ppm 15ppm current #2 DISTILLATE OIL NEW! No more zones Varies by zone

6 6 On-road diesel ppm Off-road diesel ppm Locomotives ppm Marine ppm COMPARISON TO OTHER INDUSTRIES

7 7

8 8 NOMENCLATURE LOW sulfur fuel= 500 ppm (2014) ULTRA LOW sulfur fuel= 15 ppm (2016)

9 9 July 1 st 2014/2016

10 10 2, ,000ppm 2,500ppm sameppm current #4 OIL NEW! No more zones Varies by zone

11 11 3, ,000 ppm 3,000 zones 4 & 6 ppm 5,000 all other ppm same ppm current #6 OIL Keeping Some Zones

12 12 Zone 4 Bergen Essex Hudson Morris Passaic Union Middlesex Monmouth Somerset

13 13

14 14 Zone 6 Burl Co: Bass River Shamong Tabernacle Woodland Washington Twp Southampton Camden Co: Waterford

15 15 Mullica River Trail, Wharton State Forest Apple Pie Hill Fire Tower

16 16 RECAP #2 500 ppm (2014)15 ppm (2016)no more zones oil #4 2,500 ppm (2014)--- same (2016) ---no more zones oil #6 3,000 ppm (2014)--- same (2016) ---keeping zones 4 & 6 oil5,000 ppm (2014)--- same (2016) ---all other zones

17 17 Exception #1 Can use up existing stock “ Fuel stored in New Jersey that met the applicable maximum sulfur content standard of Tables 1A or 1B of this section at the time it was stored in New Jersey may be used in New Jersey after the operative date of the applicable standard in 1B.” {NJAC 7:27-9.2(a) & (b)}

18 18 Exception #2 1 yr refinery extension Proposed. Not yet adopted. Refinery can APPLY for 1yr extension they must already have an upcoming shutdown scheduled within the next year want to combine their planned shutdown w/ the %S switch-over shutdown NOT an automatic ext. must apply/obtain approval Minimize downtime at refineries Cost savings Maintain adequate fuel supplies Minimize emissions (ref run most efficient at full load, not during startup/shutdown)

19 19 Other Impacts Possible NOx reductions may help comply with sub19 NOX RACT, especially those close to the limit Small reduction, 5-10% Sulfur removal process also removes some fuel-bound N Source: Low Sulfur Heating Oil: Evaluating the Impacts on Consumers, Consumer Energy Council of America, September 2003

20 20 I N C R E A S E D P U R C H A S E C O S T Other Impacts R E D U C E D M A I N T E N A N C E E X P E N S E S

21 21 RECAP: WHAT MUST YOU DO - Start buying lower sulfur fuel Can use up existing stock Possible 1yr refinery extension - Keep records from fuel supplier to prove %S update MSDS get current Cert of Analysis. %S not usually on receipts, often have to ask for it.

22 22 Why The Change ?

23 23 95% SO2 <5% Partic. <5% SO3 Sulfur In=Sulfur Out Source: Rule Proposal in NJ Register 41 N.J.R. 4156(a) Issue Date November 16, 2009

24 24 Why are we doing this? 1) Reduce SOx Pollution 2) Reduce Particulate Pollution (direct particulate) 3) Improve Haze (indirect particulate)

25 25 NJ’s only non-attainment SOx area

26 26 Source: 9/28/11 ISG Meeting, Improving NJ’s Air Quality. Jane Kozinski, NJDEP Asst Commissioner Env Mgmt

27 27 Atlantic Ocean, NJ Baby robin w/ pin feathers Estelle Manor Park, Atlantic Co Box Turtle

28 28 Benefit 2:Particulate reduction - Much of NJ in particulate non-attainment - Part of NJ’s SIP revision to achieve EPA’s air quality standards

29 29

30 30 Clean PM2.5 Filter8.0 μg/m 3 Phillipsburg, 5/17/ μg/m 3 Newark Firehouse, 5/16/ μg/m 3 Elizabeth Lab, 5/16/11 Source: 9/28/11 ISG Meeting, Improving NJ’s Air Quality. J. Kozinski, NJDEP Asst Commissioner Env Mgmt

31 31 Source: 9/28/11 ISG Meeting, Improving NJ’s Air Quality. J. Kozinski, NJDEP Asst Commissioner Env Mgmt

32 32 Benefit 3: Improve Haze

33 33 Newark / NYC Haze Camera sulfate vapors haze condense

34 34 Haze - voluntary: MANE-VU regional organization Mid-Atlantic / NorthEast Visibility Union - mandatory: EPA APCA Amendments 1990

35 35 Brigantine: Class I Wilderness Area Haze Camera

36 36 FINAL RECAP - Start buying lower sulfur fuel Can use up existing stock Possible 1yr refinery extension - Keep records from fuel supplier to prove %S update MSDS get current Cert of Analysis. %S not usually on receipts, often have to ask for it. - Sulfur In = Sulfur Out

37 37 FINAL RECAP #2 500 ppm (2014)15 ppm (2016)no more zones oil #4 2,500 ppm (2014)--- same (2016) ---no more zones oil #6 3,000 ppm (2014)--- same (2016) ---keeping zones 4 & 6 oil5,000 ppm (2014)--- same (2016) ---all other zones

38 38 End ~ Thank you ~


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