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Body Structures and Functions ATS REVIEW. The study of the processes of living organisms, or why and how they work, is A.Physiology B.Anatomy C.Pathophysiology.

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Presentation on theme: "Body Structures and Functions ATS REVIEW. The study of the processes of living organisms, or why and how they work, is A.Physiology B.Anatomy C.Pathophysiology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Body Structures and Functions ATS REVIEW

2 The study of the processes of living organisms, or why and how they work, is A.Physiology B.Anatomy C.Pathophysiology D.Biology

3 The part of a cell that condenses to form chromosomes during cell reproduction is the ____. A.Chromatin B.Organelle C.Centriole D.Nucleolus

4 A stack of membrane layers that produces, stores, and packages secretions for discharge from the cell is the A.Golgi Apparatus B.Rough ER C.Lysosome D.Perioxosome

5 The site for all chemical reactions that take place in the cell is the ____. A.Cytoplasm B.Centriome C.Nucleus D.Endoplasmic Reticulum

6 Pocket like folds in the cell membrane that allow large molecules to enter the cell are ____. A.Pinocytic vesicles B.Lysosomes C.Mitochondria D.Centrosomes

7 The area where ribosomes are manufactured in the cell is the ____. A.Nucleolus B.Centrosome C.Golgi Apparatus D.Endoplasmic Reticulum

8 The structures that contain digestive enzymes to digest and destroy old cells are the ____. A.Lysosomes B.Mitochondria C.Centrioles D.Pinocytic Vesicles

9 Pouch-like structures that are found throughout the cytoplasm and filled with a watery substance, stored food, or waste products are the A.Vacuoles B.Golgi Apparatus C.Lysosomes D.Pinocytic Vesicles

10 The four main groups of tissues are ____. A.Nerve, connective, muscle, epithelial B.Epithelial, bone, blood and nerve C.Muscle, nerve, epithelial, bone D.Nerve, muscle, adipose, connective

11 The tissue that produces power and movement in the body is A.Muscle B.Cardiac C.Connective D.Epithelial

12 The tissue that lines the intestinal and respiratory tracts and forms body glands is ____. A.Epithelial B.Adipose C.Muscle D.Connective

13 The body system that includes the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi is the ____. A.Digestive B.Respiratory C.Immune D.Circulatory

14 The body system that carries some tissue fluid and wastes to the blood and assists with fighting infection is the ____. A.Endocrine B.Lymphatic C.Circulatory D.Urinary

15 The body system that protects the body from injury, infection, and dehydration is the ____. A.Integumentary B.Skeletal C.Muscular D.Circulatory

16 The body system that filters blood to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance in the body is the ____. A.Urinary B.Circulatory C.Lymphatic D.Digestive

17 The body is in anatomic position when ____. A.The body is facing forward B.The arms are held away from the sides of the body at 90 degrees C.The palms of the hand are facing the side of the body D.All of the above

18 The horizontal plane that divides the body into a top half and a bottom half is the A.Transverse B.Midsagittal C.Frontal D.Coronal

19 The body plane that divides the body into right and left sides is the A.Transverse B.Midsagittal C.Frontal D.Coronal

20 Body parts in front of the frontal plane are called A.Superior B.Inferior C.Ventral or anterior D.Dorsal or posterior

21 Body parts close to the midsagittal plane are called A.Medial B.Proximal C.Lateral D.Inferior

22 Body parts close to a point of reference are ____. A.Medial B.Distal C.Proximal D.Lateral

23 The body cavity located in the chest is the ____. A.Ventral Cavity B.Dorsal Cavity C.Thoracic Cavity D.Abdominal Cavity

24 The body cavity that contains the brain and spinal cord is the A.Spinal Cavity B.Cranial Cavity C.Dorsal Cavity D.Ventral Cavity

25 The cavity for the mouth is the ____. A.Cranial Cavity B.Oral Cavity C.Buccal Cavity D.Ventral Cavity

26 The cavity that contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and the last part of the large intestine is the A.Pelvic Cavity B.Abdominal Cavity C.Thoracic Cavity D.Orbital Cavity

27 The cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and large blood vessels is the ____. A.Pelvic Cavity B.Abdominal Cavity C.Thoracic Cavity D.Orbital Cavity

28 The cavity that contains the eyes is the ____. A.Pelvic Cavity B.Abdominal Cavity C.Thoracic Cavity D.Orbital Cavity

29 Which of the following statements is correct? A.the toes are proximal to the ankles B.the elbow is distal to the wrist C.the nose is medial to the ears D.the knee is lateral to the foot

30 Which of the following statements is not correct if the body is in anatomic position? A.The shoulder is proximal to the elbow. B.The thumb is medial to the fingers. C.The fingers are distal to the wrist. D.The palms of the hand are ventral.

31 Furnaces or powerhouses of the cell A.DNA B.RNA C.Smooth ER D.Mitochondria


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