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1 Union Pacific Railroad David Wickersham Chief Engineer, Western Region February 24, 2014.

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1 1 Union Pacific Railroad David Wickersham Chief Engineer, Western Region February 24, 2014

2 2 Key Union Pacific Railroad Corridors Key Entry from Asia Fast Facts Route miles 32,000 in 23 states Employees46,000 Annual Payroll$4.3B Customers10,000 Locomotives8,400

3 3 UPRR – Routes in California I - 5 Route Feather River Route Donner Pass Route San Joaquin Valley Line Sunset Route Coast Line 2012 Fast Facts Miles of Track3,283 Annual Payroll$430.7 M In-State Purchases$233.3 M Capital Spending$376.1 M Employees4,872 Community Giving $1.4 M Charitable Organizations385

4 4 How We Built Track Over 150 Years Ago

5 5 Today’s Track Design & Construction Foundation Drainage Concrete ties Continuous welded rail

6 6 UPRR Track Inspection Program 43 – Full time dedicated track inspectors working within California –Training – 5 day FRA track safety standards –Monthly evaluations by managers –Annual training and on the job training - track maintenance field handbook 17 – Managers of Track Maintenance in California 480 – track maintenance employees in California Tracks inspected with “hy-rail” pickups more than twice per week Visual inspections prevent derailments –Broken rails –Track surface conditions We perform special inspections –During storms –After earthquakes

7 7 UPRR Track Evaluation System 2 state of the art track geometry cars - $10 million a piece Prevents track geometry related derailments Test main lines in California at least twice per year. Measures track geometry parameters – FRA standards and UPRR policies –Track Gage –Track Cross level –Track profile –Track Alignment Also provides –Rail Profile measurements – curve wear –Clearances in tunnels and bridges –Video of track

8 8 UPRR Rail Detector System Key technology to prevent broken rail derailments UPRR tests main line rail in California every 3 to 6 months –Test frequency is based on tonnage –Test frequency is more than FRA requirement We dedicate 4 rail detectors full time in California Ultrasonic (sound wave) searches internally for rail flows Cars in California are the latest technology 2 years old or less Car averages 7 mph.

9 9 UPRR – Capital Track Maintenance projects in California Last 5 years, UP has replaced 2,054,000 ties and 452 miles of rail in California. $992 million Replacing ties and rail –2009 542,000 ties, 89 miles new rail –2010174,000 ties, 41 miles new rail –2011325,000 ties, 65 miles new rail –2012446,000 ties, 136 miles new rail –2013567,000 ties, 121 miles new rail

10 10 Track Upgrades UP’s plan to replace wood tie track with concrete tie track –Tehachapi mountains – complete –Dunsmuir – complete –Feather River Canyon – complete –Sunset Route – 50% complete –Donner Pass – 33% complete

11 11 UPRR Bridge Management Program System Bridge Statistics Key Statistics for Union Pacific System California Total Number of Bridge Structures19,339 3099 Total length of Bridge in Miles 407 56 Miles of Concrete Bridge 138 20 Miles of Steel Bridge 183 26 Miles of Timber Bridge 86 10 Number of Culverts 52,846 7340 Total Length of Tunnels in Miles 62 28

12 12 UPRR Bridge Inspection Program Ensure structural integrity of bridges, culverts, and tunnels. Comply with FRA CFR 49 Part 237 Bridge Safety Standards All bridges are inspected between 1 and 3 times per year

13 13 UPRR Bridge Inspection Program Structures Assessment Team 6 – 2 person - full time teams working within California 1 snooper truck (hyrail access truck) on Western Region 66 bridge maintenance employees in California 2 Managers of Bridge Maintenance in California 1 Director of Bridge Maintenance in California All report to Assistant Chief Engineer Structures

14 14 UPRR – Bridge replacement projects in California Last 5 years, UP has upgraded 70 bridges $70.2 million Replacing timber with steel and concrete –2009 12 bridges, 2,288 feet –201025 bridges, 980 feet –201114 bridges, 242 feet –20129 bridges, 760 feet –201310 bridges, 2,020 feet

15 15 UPRR Signal Inspection Program 218 – Signal Maintenance employees in California –10 Managers of Signal Maintenance –23 Signal maintenance foreman –4 Signal inspectors –20 Electronic technicians –161 Signal Maintainers (50% of time spent testing) –16 Electricians What they do –Maintain the wayside signal system –Maintain and inspect crossing gates Signal System –Governs movement of trains –Provides broken rail protection

16 16 Positive Train Control (PTC) – Signal Construction

17 17 PTC – System Overview Initialization Track Topology Temporary Speed Restrictions Work Zones Train Consist Movement Authorities Braking Curve Warning Curve Predictive Braking WARNING BRAKING IN 70 SEC BRAKING IN PROGRESS Dispatch, MIS and Crew Systems PTC Back Office Server RSIA Mandate – 10/16/08 PTC will prevent – Train to train collisions – Over-speed derailments – Unauthorized entry into work zone – Switch misalignment Must be interoperable PTC implementation by 12/31/15 Regulations issued 1/15/10

18 18 UPRR Wayside Detection System Wayside detectors prevent railcar caused derailments –Bearing temperature scanners (1,504 on our system) –Wheel temperature scanners (236) –Dragging equipment detectors (2,837) –High/Wide shifted load detectors (106) –Wheel Impact detectors (17) –Acoustic bearing detectors ((7) –Low Hose detectors (6) –Wheel profile measuring systems (4) –Sliding wheel detectors

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