Presentation on theme: "American Indians TM Givens Bush Hill ES 1/10/2006 Pueblo Kwakiutl Sioux Inuit Iroquois."— Presentation transcript:
American Indians TM Givens Bush Hill ES 1/10/2006 Pueblo Kwakiutl Sioux Inuit Iroquois
Inuit The Inuit live in Canada and Alaska. They have cold, harsh winters below freezing most of the year. They live in snow or stone houses in the winter and animal skin tents in the summer. They eat and use seals, fish, whales, and caribou. They travel by foot, kayak, and dog sled. The Inuit have been referred to as Eskimos.
Inuit 1) a pouch of fishskins from Alaska 2) a finger-guard of leather, used in place of a thimble by Alaskan women for sewing 3) a rattle from Kodiak, used in the dance and which consists of the bills of puffins 4) and 5) ear ornament made from walrus tusk, and from mussel shells 6) a lip ornament of the Aleuts, in actual size, which consists of a small piece of bone and glass beads, and is inserted in an ingeniously made opening beneath the lower lip 7) an example of embroidery on leather done with reindeer hair, from Unalaska 8) a cap of squirrel skins from Alaska 9) a small basket woven from straw from Unalaska 10) and 11) two pocket books woven from straw from Unalaska 12) a cap with a great deal of embroidery, used only in the dance festivals of the Aleuts. The stray goat hairs were sewn and woven as ornament.
Pueblo The Pueblo live in the Southwest. They live in desert areas bordering cliffs and mountains where it is very dry. It can be very hot during the day but cold at night. They live in adobes made of dried mud or clay. They eat corn, beans, and squash. They use clay for many things. They do not have much wood. They travel by foot or horseback. The name Pueblo refers to those tribes in the Southwest who built adobe cites. Pueblo is Spanish for “town.”
Sioux The Sioux live in the Great Plains. The climate there is dry. There are no forests, only grasslands. They live in teepees made of animal skins. They eat corn, beans, and buffalo. They use the buffalo for many things. They travel by foot, horseback, and canoes. Sioux is a name given to the Dakota peoples of North America, a group embracing a number of tribes.
Kwakiutl The Kwakiutl live in the Pacific Northwest. The climate there is cool and rainy. There are lots of rivers and forests. Their longhouses or plank houses are made of wood. They eat fish, deer, berries, and roots. They travel by foot and canoe.
Iroquois The Iroquois live in the Eastern Woodlands. It is heavily forested with a temperate climate. Their longhouses are made of wood and they use wood a lot for other things. They eat corn, beans, and deer. They travel by foot and canoes. There were originally five tribes or nations in the Iroquois League. A sixth tribe joined the League in 1722.
Bibliography All photographs are from the Library of Congress and one of these collections. Edward S. Curtis's "The North American Indian" The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis is one of the most significant and controversial representations of traditional American Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930, the publication continues to exert a major influence on the image of Indians in popular culture. Curtis said he wanted to document "the old time Indian, his dress, his ceremonies, his life and manners." In over 2000 photogravure plates and narrative, Curtis portrayed the traditional customs and lifeways of eighty Indian tribes. The twenty volumes, each with an accompanying portfolio, are organized by tribes and culture areas encompassing the Great Plains, Great Basin, Plateau Region, Southwest, California, Pacific Northwest, and Alaska. The North American Indian was published and copyrighted between 1907-1930. Northwestern University Library is not aware of any current U.S. copyright or other restrictions on the use of the publication. Northwestern University Library claims copyright in the images produced for this digital collection. Each author holds copyright of his essay. The contents of this digital collection are provided for use in research, teaching, and private study. For these purposes, you may reproduce (print, make photocopies, or download) materials without prior permission, on the condition that you provide proper attribution of the source in all copies. Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtis's 'The North American Indian': the Photographic Images, 2001. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award98/ienhtml/curthome.html http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award98/ienhtml/curthome.html
Bibliography American Indians of the Pacific Northwest. The following statement is made by the University of Washington, the lead institution for the consortium from whose collections some of the materials reproduced here are drawn. We encourage use of these materials under the fair use clause of the 1976 Copyright Act. Images from the American Indians of the Pacific Northwest collection may be downloaded for noncommercial educational and research purposes. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award98/wauhtml/aipnhome.html
Bibliography The Dayton C Miller Flute Collection. The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection or any other restrictions in the Dayton C. Miller Collection. The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/dcmhtml/dmhome.html http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/dcmhtml/dmhome.html
Bibliography History of the American West, 1860-1920: Photographs from the Collection of the Denver Public Library. The Denver Public Library encourages use of these materials under the fair use clause of the 1976 copyright act. All images in this collection may be used for educational, scholarly purposes and private study. Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award97/codhtml/hawphome.html http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award97/codhtml/hawphome.html