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Local Nonprofit Organizations and the Pursuit of Sustainability in American Cities A Preliminary Exploration Kent E. Portney, Tufts University Zachary.

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Presentation on theme: "Local Nonprofit Organizations and the Pursuit of Sustainability in American Cities A Preliminary Exploration Kent E. Portney, Tufts University Zachary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Local Nonprofit Organizations and the Pursuit of Sustainability in American Cities A Preliminary Exploration Kent E. Portney, Tufts University Zachary Saul Cuttler, Goldman Sachs

2 Forty-five U.S. Cities with Sustainability Programs  Albuquerque, NMSustainable Albuquerque  Anchorage, AKAnchorage 2020: Anchorage Bowl Comprehensive Plan  Atlanta, GASustainability Initiative; Greener Atlanta Initiative  Austin, TXSustainable Communities Initiative; Sustainability Indicators Project of Hays, Travis, and Williamson Counties  Baltimore, MDGreener Baltimore Initiative  Boston, MASustainable Boston Initiative  Brookline, MAComprehensive Plan  Boulder, COThe Sustainability Program  Buffalo, NYGreen Gold Initiative  Cambridge, MASustainable Cambridge, Cambridge Civic Forum  Chattanooga, TNSustainable Chattanooga  Chicago, ILConserve Chicago Together  Cincinnati, OHSustainable Cincinnati  Cleveland, OHSustainable Cleveland Partnership, EcoCity Cleveland  Columbus, OHGet Green Columbus  Denver, COGreenprint Denver  Grand Rapids, MISustainability Plan  Indianapolis, INIndy Greenprint; Indianapolis Insight  Jacksonville, FLJacksonville Indicators Project, Jacksonville Community Council  Kansas City, MOFOCUS Kansas City Plan  Lansing/East Lansing, MISustainable Lansing  Los Angeles, CAIntegrated Resource Plan, Sustainability; Environmental Programs for a Sustainable Future

3  Milwaukee, WICampaign for Sustainable Milwaukee  Minneapolis, MNMinneapolis Greenprint  New York CityPlaNYC  New Haven, CTVision for a Greater New Haven  Oakland, CASustainable Community Development Initiative  Orlando, FLSustainable Communities  Olympia, WASustainable City Indicators/Sustainable Community Roundtable  Phoenix, AZComprehensive Plan, Environmental Element  Pittsburgh, PAThe Pittsburgh Downtown Plan  Portland, ORThe Comprehensive Plan  Sacramento, CAThe Sustainability Agenda; Sacramento 2030 General Plan  Santa Monica, CASanta Monica Sustainable City Program  San Diego, CAThe General Plan: City of Villages; Sustainable Community Program  San Francisco, CAThe Sustainability Plan  San Jose, CASustainable City Programs (Sustainable City Major Strategy,  part of San Jose 2020 Comprehensive Plan)  Santa Barbara, CAThe South Coast Community Indicators Project  Scottsdale, AZScottsdale Seeks Sustainability  Seattle, WAToward a Sustainable Seattle/The Comprehensive Plan  St. Louis, MOSt. Louis Five Year Strategy  Tampa, FLThe Tampa/Hillsborough Sustainable Communities Demonstration Project  Tucson, AZ The Livable Tucson Vision Program  Vancouver, WAComprehensive Plan , Environmental Element  Washington, D.C.Sustainable Solutions, Department of the Environment

4 The Cities, Ranks, and Scores  1* Seattle 31  2* Denver 30  3 Albuquerque 28  3 Los Angeles 28  3 Minneapolis 28  3 Oakland 28  7 Boulder 27  7 San Jose 27  7 Chicago 27  10 Portland, OR 26  10 Santa Monica 26  10 Scottsdale 26  10 San Diego 26  14 Columbus 25  15 San Francisco 24  16* Kansas City 23  17 New York 22  17* Sacramento 22  19 Tampa 19  19 Anchorage 19  19 Vancouver 19  22 Austin 18  22 Cambridge 18  22 Chattanooga 18  22 Tucson 18  22* Washington, D.C. 18  22 Grand Rapids 18  28 Baltimore 17  28 Buffalo 17  30 Phoenix 16  31* Boston 15  31 Jacksonville 15  31 Pittsburgh 15  34 Brookline, MA 14  34 Cleveland 14  34* Atlanta 14  37 St. Louis 13  38 Orlando 12  39 Indianapolis 11  39 Santa Barbara 11  41* Milwaukee 9  41 New Haven 9  43 Olympia, WA 8  44 Lansing/E. Lansing 7  44 Cincinnati 7

5 Sustainable Cities Population Size Median Family Income Percent African American Percent Families Below Poverty Population Density (per sq mile) Percent Employed in Manufac- turing Boston Denver Seattle Kansas City Milwaukee Atlanta Sacramento Averages Comparison Cities Memphis Las Vegas El Paso Oklahoma City Fort Worth Charlotte Averages Sustainable and Comparison Cities’ Demographics

6 Sustainable Cities All Officials: Average Ratio of Nonprofit to Business Contacts Total Number of Officials Councilors: Ratio of Nonprofit to Business Contacts Total Number of City Councilors Boston Denver Seattle Kansas City Milwaukee Atlanta Sacramento Average/Total Comparison Cities Memphis Las Vegas El Paso Oklahoma City Fort Worth Charlotte Average/Total F / Significance4.1 / /.114

7 Sustainable Cities Percent of Respondents Reporting at Least One Supportive Nonprofit Total Number of Respondents Boston0.03 Denver28.67 Seattle Kansas City60.05 Milwaukee40.05 Atlanta75.04 Sacramento25.04 Average/Total Comparison Cities Memphis66.73 Las Vegas33.33 El Paso14.37 Oklahoma City0.06 Fort Worth25.04 Charlotte14.37 Average/Total F / Significance5.4 /.023

8 Sustainable Cities Percent of Nonprofit Groups Mentioned that are “Local” Percent of Nonprofit Groups Mentioned that are Environmental Total Number of Officials Boston Denver Seattle Kansas City Milwaukee Atlanta Sacramento Average/Total Comparison Cities Memphis Las Vegas El Paso Oklahoma City Fort Worth Charlotte Average/Total F / Significance6.7 /.012

9 Sustainable Cities Percent of Respondents Saying that Any Kind of Development is Acceptable Percent of Respondents Saying only Sustainable Development is Acceptable Total Number of Officials Boston Denver Seattle Kansas City Milwaukee Atlanta Sacramento Average/Total Comparison Cities Memphis Las Vegas El Paso Oklahoma City Fort Worth Charlotte Average/Total F / Significance2.8 /.100

10 Names of Groups Promoting Sustainability  Sierra Club  Clean Air Coalition  Commonwealth Housing Group  Rocky Mountain climate group  Green Cities Project Denver  ASPO-USA/ENVCO/Western Reserve Association  Various neighborhood groups, associations  Parents Against Lead  Layton Blvd West neighbors  Greater KC LISC  Communities Creating Opportunity  Realtors  Landlords Association  People for Puget Sound  Futurewise  Smokefree Denver  Sustainable Seattle  Washington League of Conservation Voters  Northwest Coalition  Chamber of Commerce  Green Builders of America  EDC  Walk Sacramento  Environmental Council of Sacramento  Atlanta neighborhood Development Partners  Buckhead Coalition  Various religious organizations  Airport-Gateway Association  27 th Business District Association  13 th District Association  Economic Strategy Group (union reps)  Cherokee nation  Centro Salud Familiar la Fe  Save the Mountain Coalition  Streeam and Valleys; Rails to Trails  Green Guard  Art and Film District Association  ECOS  KC Area Development council  Life Sciences Institute  Regional transit authority  Juvenile justice group  LULAC  Paso del Norte group  La Mujer Obrera  Citizen Peak Oil concerns  OCK Beautiful  Greater OKC Chamber of Commerce  Transportation choices Coalition  Waterfront for All  Office of Sustainability  Catawba Land conservancy  American Institute of Architects  Outdoor Nevada  Lied Institute for Real Estate Studies  DC environmental coalition  Anti-tobacco alliance  McMad Against McDonalds  Gathering Place women’s shelter  Atlanta Development Authority  Central Atlanta Progress  Public Service Board  Alchemists  Sacramento Area Council of Governments  Cooper-Young community development corporation  Memphis Area Chamber of Commerce  Memphis Historic Neighborhood  Atlanta Planning Advisory Board  Carolina Ecocrescent  East Ballard Community Association  Peoples’ Waterfront Association  Fenway Civic Association  Center City Partners  Greenville Homeowners Association  Walmart  Southeast Fort Worth Inc.  Greater Fort Worth Black chamber of Commerce  Near Southeast Community Development Corporation

11 Names of Groups Opposing Sustainability  Real estate building industry coalition  Low income housing developers  Tavern League of Wisconsin  Restaurant Assocation  Communities Creating Opportunity  Citizens for Redbridge Road  Many citizens and citizen groups  Xcel Energy Corp  Downtown Seattle Association  Building Owners and Managers Association  Association of developers  Port of Seattle  Manufacturing and Industrial Council  El Paso Association of Builders  Neighborhood associations  Northwest Regional Alliance  Various specific businesses  Downtown Plan El Paso  Banks  Greater Oklahoma City Homebuilders Association  Downtown Denver Partnership  Unions  Downtown Revitalization Coalition

12 Conclusions  Cities that take sustainability more seriously do seem to be different with respect to their nonprofit sectors

13 Conclusions  There seem to be greater interactions between policymakers and nonprofits

14 Conclusions  Cities that take sustainability more seriously do seem to be different with respect to their nonprofit sectors  There seem to be greater interactions between policymakers and nonprofits  The nonprofit sector in cities that are serious about sustainability is more likely to be “homegrown” and dedicated to environmental issues

15 Conclusions  Cities that take sustainability more seriously do seem to be different with respect to their nonprofit sectors  There seem to be greater interactions between policymakers and nonprofits  The nonprofit sector in cities that are serious about sustainability is more likely to be “homegrown” and dedicated to environmental issues  When the nonprofit sector is homegrown, policymakers are much less likely to adopt traditional views of local economic development


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