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1 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Preliminary 1999 Iowa Bypass Study Prepared by Snyder & Associates,

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Presentation on theme: "1 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Preliminary 1999 Iowa Bypass Study Prepared by Snyder & Associates,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Preliminary 1999 Iowa Bypass Study Prepared by Snyder & Associates, Inc. for the Iowa Dept. of Transportation and presented to the Bloomfield City Council & Community Wednesday, September 29, 1999

2 2 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Why Iowa Builds Bypasses Part of the Commercial Industrial Network (CIN) investment strategy. –Improve flow of commerce: longer trips, improve travel time. –Make travel more convenient, safe & efficient: limited access highways, no slow down in small towns, eliminate competition with local traffic/pedestrians. –Better connect Iowa with regional, national & international markets. –Concentrate a major portion of annual construction budget on CIN.

3 3 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Interstate & CIN: Arterials of the State 64% of rural highway traffic is on the Interstates & CIN system. 82% of rural semi-truck traffic is on Interstates or CIN (20% uses CIN). 80%+ of Iowans live within 10 miles of the Interstate or CIN. Interstate & the CIN account for only 32% of the total rural highway miles.

4 4 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Iowa’s Existing & Programmed Non-Interstate Bypasses

5 5 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary 12 Study Communities Bypass CommunityPop.Bypass RouteYear Bypass Opened Denver1600US Hwy Eldridge3638US Hwy Independence5972US Hwy Maquoketa6130US Hwy Ogden1909US Hwy Pella9270IA Hwy Perry7244IA Hwy Prairie City1366IA Hwy Waverly8539US Hwy Winterset4196US Hwy Cascade1812US 151Future Iowa Falls5435US Hwy 20Future Reference Bloomfield2580US Hwy 63Future

6 6 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Study Scope Summarize other research. Collect & analyze basic socio-economic data for 12 communities. Make site visits and interview local leaders, officials, and business people. Write up individual case study findings for each community. Summarize findings of new research.

7 7 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary What we looked at: Retail Sales Analysis Regular City Valuation Changes in Traffic Patterns & Volumes Population Misc. Factors –Regional Population & Distance from Metro. –Local Major Employers - what types

8 8 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary What we didn’t do: Develop predictive models of bypass impacts. Conduct travel time/destination surveys. Conduct statistical analysis to separate bypass impacts from other local impacts (i.e. job loss/gain, nearby attractions, regional/national economic conditions, etc.)

9 9 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Previous Case Study Research Impacts of Highway Bypasses on Kansas Towns, The Economic Impacts of Highway Bypasses on [Wisconsin] Communities, Economic Impacts of [Texas] Highway Bypasses, The Economic Impact of Rural Highway Bypasses: Iowa and Minnesota Case Studies, A Literature Review of Urban Bypass Studies, Iowa DOT, 1992.

10 10 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Conclusions of Previous Research Long term, no significant negative impact; some benefit from encouraging location of basic industries (results in spin off $ in other sectors). Short term, only negative impacts in some travel related/dependant businesses. Towns over 2,000 pop. and county seat most likely to see community-wide benefit. Commercial property values on “old route” do not decrease. In larger, established towns, traffic on the “old route” is close to pre-bypass volumes. Percentage of “impulse” or drive-by customers is declining - not as big as in 1970s. More impact than Bypass: –Economy/recessions –Fuel efficient cars –Changing travel habits/ commuting –4-lane highways –Urbanization of the Midwest

11 11 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Conclusions of Previous Research Merchants thought bypass improved “quality of life” & shopping environment. Safety, noise, etc. improved in downtown and residentail areas after the bypass. Merchants observed traffic reductions but reported little (or no) loss of business activity. Growth tends to spread along “connector” roads to bypass interchanges. Distance of the downtown from the bypass has no long term impact. Travel related businesses that close after bypass are usually replaced. Communities realized that a highway improvement and bypass will require preparation & planning.

12 12 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Changes in Population Studied population changes of 127 Iowa communities. Divided communities into communities with a bypass, communities on the CIN, and county seat communities. Study shows no indication of bypass causing a decrease in population or overall economic activity. Towns on the CIN experiencing growth since the 1950s with and without a bypass. Other factors, such as access to markets (via highway, rail, air, or water), have more impact on population than presence of a bypass alone.

13 13 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Historical Retail Sales for Study Communities: Indexed per capita retail sales for the town against the state (i.e. ISU Extension’s “Pull Factor”). The Study towns follow typical pattern, gradual decline through s, followed by stabilization from ~1987. A Control group of Non-CIN/Non-Bypass towns* more “remote” in 1970s but suffered more drastic decline overall. Same as CIN/Bypass towns by late 1990s. This highlights change in travel and purchasing patterns. Many forces at work, bypass is small part. Urbanization, Ag economy, changing travel patterns bigger factors. * Centerville, Grundy Center, Oelwein, Shenandoah, Vinton, Washington, West Liberty.

14 14 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary FY71-97 Retail Sales Index s Bypass Communities Indicates year bypass opened

15 15 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary FY71-97 Retail Sales Index 1980s Bypass Communities

16 16 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary FY71-97 Retail Sales Index 1990s Bypass Communities

17 17 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Changes in Downtown “Old Route” Traffic Volumes BeforeAfter Sample communities under 2,000 population, limited CBD Denver7,8002, % Prairie City6,0002, % Sample communities over 5,000 population, CBD, destination Pella11,10011,400+ 3% Waverly9,70010,100+ 4%

18 18 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary What do the traffic changes mean? Removes trucks, improves safety, reduces noise. In small communities, most highway traffic is “through trips.” In larger communities traffic in the downtown CBD may even increase after the bypass. –Established destination: shopping, county seat, jobs, service business, tourism, etc. –Local traffic starts to use “Main St.” again relieving surrounding residential arterials. Improves safety in surrounding neighborhood.

19 19 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Change in Regular City Valuation Wide variation in growth rate among bypass communities, but average growth rate is same as the state average for all cities. In general, cities nearer metropolitan/micropolitan areas had higher growth rate. (i.e. Denver, Eldridge, Independence) Some link to opening of bypass or 4-lane highway (i.e. Prairie City)

20 20 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Indexed Change in Regular City Valuation 1990s Bypass1980s Bypass s Bypass Study Avg.Avg. all Iowa cities Indexed on FY 1989 = 1.0 Future Bypass Bloomfield

21 21 Snyder & Associates, Inc. — Iowa DOT — Bloomfield City Council — Sept. 29, 1999Preliminary Study Conclusions Every community thought that the bypass had been beneficial, especially for removing trucks/through traffic, & improving safety and the quality of life. Those towns that benefited most planned for changes or took advantage of new situations & opportunities. Working with DOT can help to achieve best results/orientation of the bypass to benefit town. Population was unaffected. In larger communities, traffic on “old route” is increasing (& generally higher volumes than on the bypass). Retail sales and city valuations are generally not negatively impacted. Safety, noise, etc. is improved in neighboring streets. Bypasses play a small role in overall economic vitality: regional & ag. economy, commuting, urbanization, access to regional highways, etc. all more important.


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