Presentation on theme: "HISTORIC DISTRICT PRESENTATION West Highlands Neighborhood Assoc. Date: April 6, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
HISTORIC DISTRICT PRESENTATION West Highlands Neighborhood Assoc. Date: April 6, 2010
POTENTIAL NAMES: Ghost Historic District Allen M. Ghost, the Denver real estate investor and developer who platted the area in 1887. Kountze Historic District The Kountze brothers, four siblings from eastern Ohio, were “conspicuously identified with pioneer banking in the west,” according to early Denver historian Jerome Smiley. Operating initially as “Kountze Brothers”, the men eventually established Colorado National Bank Highlands Square Historic District Old City Line Historic District
ALLEN M GHOST Denver real estate developer in the Town of Highlands in the late 1880s A lawyer and educator during his early career Involved in the development of eighteen towns in Nebraska Moved to Denver about 1877 In Colorado he engaged in real estate acquisition and development and construction of business blocks in downtown Denver Created Park Side Subdivision in East Denver
KOUNTZE BROTHERS The district is principally composed of a portion of the Kountze Heights Subdivision that Ghost apparently named in honor of the Kountze brothers, who sold the land to his real estate firm, Ghost & Adams. Initially the subdivision was advertised as having an “unsurpassed” location; fine views of Denver, Sloan’s Lake, and the mountains; shade trees; and artesian water and irrigation.
STREETCAR SUBURBS Ghost planned the residential area as a “streetcar suburb,” which would have “quick and easy” access to downtown Denver via a street railway Streetcar suburbs originated in the 1870s in the United States as developers acquired large tracts of land outside the city core and subdivided and marketed them as “versions of the residential ideal” enjoyed by wealthier citizens in picturesque enclaves
DID YOU KNOW: Typical elements of streetcar suburbs include the construction of houses for both skilled workers and middle class citizens and the inclusion of housing suitable for extended families and the elderly Houses varied in size, from small one-story to substantial two-and-a-half-story buildings District is significant as a neighborhood of well- preserved residences reflecting architectural styles popular in the United States during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and it is especially rich in Queen Anne, Bungalow, and Edwardian style homes, which constitute the largest groups by architectural style.
INTERESTING FACTS: During the 1890s, residents of the area pursued occupations such as teacher, clerk, railroad and street railway employees, druggist, salesman, postal carrier, government employee, business owner, machinist, fireman, policeman, physician, miner, tailor, watchmaker, dressmaker, pastor, lawyer, and bookkeeper Numerous families took in boarders or lived with extended families well into the twentieth century
INTERESTING FACTS: Only two of the 206 buildings within the potential district had non-Domestic original functions: the 1897 and 1955 church buildings of the Highland Park Presbyterian Church ….of the 204 buildings with Domestic original uses, 192 were single dwellings and 12 were duplexes or double houses.
ARCHITECTURAL STYLES: Queen Anne style represents the largest group of houses by style, with 69 examples representing 33 percent of the total buildings in the district Bungalow form houses represent the second largest category, with 33 examples or 16 percent of the total Edwardian style homes represent 25 houses, which is 12 percent of the resources Sixteen Classic Cottage style houses are present, constituting 8 percent of the total Thirteen houses (6 percent) represent the Foursquare form within the neighborhood Eleven houses are categorized simply as Late Victorian without a subcategory
1900 CENSUS: 1900 U.S. Census found those born in Colorado constituted the largest group, many of whom were children of homeowners, with New York, Illinois, Iowa, and Ohio representing the birthplaces with the next largest groups of people District residents also included people who came from Canada, Germany, England, Sweden, Ireland, Denmark, Wales, and Russia
NOTABLE RESIDENTS: Mortician George Olinger headed an undertaking business that remains active today Reverend Thomas Bliss was influential in theological circles and led local churches City employee Howard C. Maloney rationalized Denver’s street system