A life map tracks your journey through life and marks out important events along the way. Remember! An important event doesn’t have to be exciting or memorable for others, the map is all about showing what is important to you. What makes an event important?
Events that teach you something about life e.g. being selected for a team might have taught you the value of hard work and perseverance Events that made you feel suddenly more mature/ older/ grown up e.g. looking after your little brother or sister for the first time Events that gave you inspiration for your future e.g. the first time you were given Lego and built a 1000 piece skyscraper hinted at you future love of architecture. Events that highlight how important it is to enjoy life e.g. you pet budgie only survives 2 months under your care Both good and bad events can make you appreciate, adapt or change your life in some way
A minimum of 7 events and a maximum of 9. Have a clear understanding of the reasons why you have selected the event) A symbol or picture that represents each selected event. The picture should give an indication of how you felt about the event. A label which identifies and roughly dates the event. You can be creative and poetic with these labels e.g. the road to happiness on my new skateboard Some people use arrows, some people draw roads, some people draw a bunch of islands and draw little boats travelling between each; it is up to you how you see your map. Is your life map a road map, a diagram, a geographical map, a maze, a swirling circle or a game of snakes and ladders?
SWBAT identify Greek Values SWBAT define and interpret the term, “Odyssey” SWBAT explain who Homer is and the plot of the Odyssey SWBAT understand the components of an EPIC
Silently walk around to view each other’s life maps.
Who was HOMER? Homer was a blind minstrel (he told stories to entertain and to make his living); audiences had to listen carefully (this is “oral tradition” so there was a lot of repetition and improvisation used)
Other traveling poets (called rhapsodes) memorized and recited these epics in the banquet halls of kings and noble families
History is vague on Homer’s identity; some say he is just a legend, others say that a whole series of rhapsodes composed various parts of the epics The epics were not originally written-- the Greek alphabet didn’t appear until 725 BC
GREEK VALUES Important to understand some of the main Greek values of the time because…. These values help explain characters’ motivations
Greek Values (explains characters’ motivations) Reciprocity: Mutual exchange between two people You give to me, I give to you You help me, later I have to help you
Greek Values (explains characters’ motivations) Hospitality: Treat all guests with respect Be nice first, ask questions later A stranger could be a god in disguise! Be our guest, be our guest, put our service to the test...
Greek Values (explains characters’ motivations) Arete: Greek idea of excellence, an ideal of human perfection Intelligence (be smart and cunning) Strength Courage Duty
Greek Values (explains characters’ motivations) Religion: Actions should please the gods Fate controlled by the god Humans need the gods (man, without the gods, is nothing) [Odysseus’ revelation] Humans should honor gods through sacrifices, asking gods for help, and giving credit to gods
“Myth” is a story that uses fantasy to express ideas about life not easily done in realistic terms (it also stresses the relationship of human beings to a higher, spiritual realm)
Characteristics of the Epic: 1. Long, narrative poem 2. Reflects values of a nation or race 3. Addresses universal concerns 4. Focuses on the adventures of a historical or legendary hero
5. The supernatural plays an important role 6. Story is set in many locations 7. Hero against the odds – strong and courageous 8. Story is simple and written in formal language
Epithet A brief descriptive phrase Characterizes a person, place or thing Gives story-teller a “breather” Helps with rhyming or meter Examples: rosy-fingered dawn gray-eyed Athena The blue-maned god who makes the islands tremble Son of Laertes and gods of old, master mariner and soldier
Homeric Simile Compares epic events to everyday events “…in one stride he clutched at my companions and caught two in his hands like squirming puppies to beat their brains out, spattering the floor.”
In Medias Res in the middle In Medias Res: literary technique in which the plot sequence is out of order; Latin for “in the middle,” the story begins in the middle of the action, flashes back to the beginning to catch up, then skips to the end Example: Forrest Gump
Meaning: a long journey with many adventures or a spiritual or intellectual quest The word “odyssey” derives from the name Odysseus, the main character from the Odyssey (he is also referred to as Ulysses in classic literature)
1. The Greek GODS 2. Humans 3. Supernatural monsters and creatures
Post War Trauma Long, exhausting, brutal war (10 years) Odysseus heads for home with nothing but ships and crew
A story of what happens in Ithaca to Odysseus’ wife (Penelope) and son (Telemachus) as they await his return
A story of Odysseus’ wanderings after the Trojan War (the war lasted 10 years and his wanderings lasted another 10 years!)
A story of how Odysseus returns home to Ithaca and joins forces with his son to destroy his enemies
In Ithaca, Odysseus is suspected to be dead Suitors have invaded the palace Penelope, Odysseus’ wife, is in an awkward position and must trick the men into leaving her alone Telemachus, Odysseus’ son, resents the imposing situation And so the epic begins…
Who is the speaker? Identify words you don’t know. What characters are introduced, and who are they? What examples of figurative language are seen? What are you confused about? What do you understand?