Setting the scene United Nations World Water Development report (2003) 240% higher in developing countries compared to industrialized countries Problem is acknowledged Much has already been done in South Africa to redress the problem
Not only a problem of developing countries 1970 – 2002 - 71 incidences recorded Organisms responsible for events Cryptosporidium, Giardia, E coli, Campylobacter, Shigella, Viruses Number of confirmed cases Varied from 10 – 1480 Why do they occur?
USA UK Italy Australia Norway Sweden New Zealand Finland Switzerland Japan Denmark Canada Ireland Bermuda
Key components of the WQSP Integrated water quality management system Holistic in approach Includes risk and hazard assessment Identifies critical control points Predefines operational limits Establishes monitoring programme Principle of multiple barriers Proactive remedial actions Clearly defines responsibilities
Programme outline Comprised four modules and 11 procedures –Module 1: Introduction into water quality and water quality safety plans –Module 2: Defining the WQSP –Module 3: Setting up the WQSP –Module 4: Maintaining the WQSP
Module 1 contents Discusses issues pertaining to water quality and the need for managing water quality Explains WQSP, where they come from and why this is considered a sound solution for managing water quality Trains learner to compile procedures using standard ISO 9001 principles
Module 1 outcomes Learners will: –Learn about issues pertaining to drinking water quality –Understand what are the critical issues needed to safeguard consumers –Get to grips with the logic functioning of WQSP and how they can assist them in managing water quality –Obtain the knowledge to use ISO 9001 procedure writing techniques
Module 2 contents Procedure 1:Establish what resources would be required to develop and sustain a WQSP. Procedure 2 Define corporate commitment to water quality – What is needed legally and : contractually Procedure 3: Define scope of WQSP Procedure 4: Entails the compilation of flow diagrams of the entire water supply chain.
Module 2 outcomes Learners will learn to: –Establish who is involved in managing Water quality –Appoint a WQSP champion –Establish what is required from them with regard to water quality –Conclude contents of WQSP –Construct flow diagrams of the water supply chain –Understand the functioning of the water supply chain
Module 3 outcomes Learners will learn to –Differentiate between risks and hazards –Conduct a risk and hazard assessment –Identify critical control points throughout the water supply chain –Identify CCP where operational limits are required –Set operational limits for required water quality variable
Module 4 outcomes Learners will learn to: –Develop a monitoring programme capable of verifying that operational limits are met –Compile verification reports in respect of drinking water quality –Develop proactive corrective procedures and protocols that would guide staff in correcting situations where operational or water quality limits are exceeded –Identify required WQSP support
Learner evaluation On completion of 3 day WQSP workshop learners need to complete portfolio of evidence consisting of: –Worksheets that needs completion in respect of each procedure. –Completed workbook tasks for each of the 11 procedures
Where does the WQSP fit BusinessContinuityPlan Action group QualityAssurance Quality Control Control