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Pinyin Foundation (2) Pinyin Foundation (2) 拼音基础.

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Presentation on theme: "Pinyin Foundation (2) Pinyin Foundation (2) 拼音基础."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Pinyin Foundation (2) Pinyin Foundation (2) 拼音基础

3 Vowels and Simple Finals There are six vowels in the Pinyin system which can be used in simple finals, compound finals, and nasal finals: a o e i u ü

4 Pinyin Vowel: a The letter a is pronounced like the “a” in English “father.” For example: ba ma pa

5 Pinyin Vowel: o The letter o is pronounced like the “o” in English “more.” For example: bo po mo

6 Pinyin Vowel: e The letter e sounds very similar to the “u” in English “bud.” For example: de ke ne Sometimes it also sounds like the “e” in English “bed.” For example: ye xue

7 Pinyin Vowel: i The letter i is pronounced like the “ee” in English “bee.” (except after the initials: z c s, zh ch sh r, details later.) For example: mi pi li

8 Pinyin Vowel: u The letter u is pronounced like the “ue” in “true” or “oe” in “shoe” in English. For example: gu ku lu

9 Pinyin Vowel: ü The letter ü is pronounced like the [u] in French “tu.” For example: lü nü

10 21 Initials Unaspira -ted AspiratedNasalFricativeVoiced Labial bpmf Alveolar dtnl Velar gkh Palatal jqx Dental Sibilant zcs Retroflex zhchshr

11 Labials: b p m f Labials refer to speech sounds made using one or both lips. For example: ba bi bo bu pa pi po pu ma mi mo mu mefa fo fu

12 Alveolars: d t n l Alveolars refer to speech sounds made by putting the end of the tongue at the top of the mouth just behind the upper front teeth. For example: da de duta ti te tu na ni ne nula li le lu

13 F-1 Repeat after the instructor: bā bá bǎ bà mī mí mǐ mì dē dé dě dè nū nú nǔ nù pō pó pǒ pò fā fá fǎ fà tī tí tǐ tì lǖ lǘ lǚ lǜ

14 F-2 Circle the syllable pronounced: mū mú mǔ mù mō mó mǒ mò lī lí lǐ lì lǖ lǘ lǚ lǜ tū tú tǔ tù dū dú dǔ dù nā ná nǎ nà pō pó pǒ pò

15 F-3 Read the following syllables: 1.pá bá2.lù nù 3.lǔ nǚ4.bó pó 5. dī tī6.lú lǘ 7.tā tē 8.mǔ nǔ 9.mō mū

16 F-4 Read the following words: PinyinChineseEnglish lùdì陆地 land báhé拔河 tug-of-war pífǔ皮肤 skin tèlì特例 special case lǚbó铝箔 aluminum foil mùmǎ木马 wooden horse bófù伯父 uncle

17 F-4 Continued: PinyinChineseEnglish dìtú地图 map lǐfà理发 haircut tǐlì体力 physical strength bìmá蓖麻 castor oil plant mǎlù马路 road, street dútè独特 unique púfú匍匐 crawl

18 F-4 Continued: PinyinChineseEnglish fābù发布 issue, release mābù抹布 rag tūpò突破 break through dībà堤坝 dam làbǐ蜡笔 crayon fùmǔ父母 parents

19 F-5 In each pair, circle the one your instructor pronounces: 1.lǔ nǚ 2.mā mō 3.lù nù 4.mò mù 5.dū dē 6.tā tē

20 Classroom expressions: Chinese: 同学们好。 Pinyin: Tóngxuémen hǎo. English:Hello, students. Chinese: 老师好。 Pinyin: Lǎoshī hǎo. English:Hello, teacher.

21 Homework Complete Exercise 1. For the Pinyin pronunciation, go to the following website: k_1/39/10025/ cw/index.html k_1/39/10025/ cw/index.html Click Workbook: Homework Audio  1-1, 1-2, and 1-3.


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