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Managing Weight and Eating Behaviors

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1 Managing Weight and Eating Behaviors
Chapter 11

2 Maintaining a Healthy Weight
Lesson 1

3 Do Now Text pg. 284 # 1-6

4 Metabolism Sum total of all chemical reactions in a body
Ex: the process by which the body breaks down substances and gets energy from food

5 Calories 3,500 calories = 1 lb body fat
Foods high in fat are high in calories 1 gram fat = 9 calories 1 gram protein/carb = 4 calories Fried foods/creams/sugars are high in calories

6 BMI Body Mass Index – measure of body weight relative to height
Use to calculate whether you are within the “healthy range Skin fold tests measure BMI by measuring the thickness of skin folds at different points on the body to figure out how much fat is stored beneath the skin

7 Weight Overweight Underweight Overweight – having excess body fat
Can carry serious health risks May be due to genetics or a slow metabolism Any people who are overweight consume too many calories and get too little physical activity Below the standard weight range for your height May be due to genetics or a fast metabolism

8 Managing Your Weight Target a healthy weight Set realistic goals
Personalize your plan Put goals in writing Evaluate your progress

9 Healthy Ways to Lose Weight
Choose nutrient dense foods Watch portion sizes Eat fewer foods that are high in fats and added sugars Enjoy favorite foods in moderation Be active Tone your muscles Stay hydrated

10 Healthful Ways to Gain Weight
Select foods from 5 major food groups that are higher in calories Choose higher calories nutrient rich foods Eat nutritious snacks Regular physical activity

11 Physical Activity and Weight
Helps relieve stress Promotes a normal appetite response Increases self esteem Helps you feel more energetic

12 In class assignment Workbook pg 42 “Buyer Beware”

13 Homework Workbook pg. 41 “Strategy Sessions
Workbook pg. 42 Nutrition Notes”

14 Body Image and Eating Disorders
Lesson 2

15 Do Now What is body image?
How can body image influence your nutritional health?

16 Body Image The way you see your body Body image can be influenced by:
models athletes, actors peers Media images are not always realistic or attainable in a healthy way

17 Fad Diets Weight loss plans that tend to be popular only for a short time Promise quick, easy weight loss People usually loose weight temporarily and regain it after going off the diet = Weight Cycling Usually not very effective Can pose serious health risks Most teens should not diet at all unless directed and monitored by a physician

18 Types of Fad Diets Miracle foods Magic combinations Liquid diets
Diet pills Fasting

19 Recognizing Fads “Effortless” “Guaranteed” “Miracle” “Breakthrough”
“Ancient” “Secret”

20 In class assignment Analyze fad diet products and advertisements

21 Homework Food Ads Checklist pg 86-87

22 Diet Spy Lesson 3

23 In class assignment Computer lab
Work in groups of 4 to complete the Diet Plan Analysis Sheet pg. 109

24 Eating Disorders Lesson 4

25 Do Now Thoughts About My Eating Behaviors pg 201

26 Anorexia Nervosa An eating disorder in which an irrational fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves Affected by outside pressures, high expectations, genetics or biological factors Develop obsessive behaviors related to foods, such as: Avoiding food and meals Eating only a few kinds of food and in small amounts Weighing or counting the calories in everything eaten Exercising excessively Weighing themselves repeatedly

27 Health Consequences of Anorexia
Malnutrition Brittle bones Low body temp Low heart rate Low blood pressure Decreased organ size Heart problems

28 Bulimia Nervosa An eating disorder that involves cycles of overeating and purging, or attempts to rid the body of food People regularly binge and feel out of control, forcing down food too fast to taste then purge by forcing themselves to vomit or taking laxatives to flush the food out of their system Typically within normal weight range for age a weight but have an intense fear of weight gain as with anorexia

29 Health Consequences of Bulimia
Dehydration Sore or inflamed throat Swollen glands Teeth may become damaged from stomach acid Damage to stomach, intestines and kidneys Chemical imbalances can lead to irregular heart rhythms and heart failure

30 Binge Eating An eating disorder in which people overeat compulsively
Binges are similar to binge eating in bulimia but are less frequent More common in males Feel powerless to stop it

31 Health Consequences of Binge Eating
Overweight Obesity High blood pressure Type 2 diabetes Cardiovascular disease

32 Seeking Help Eating disorders are illnesses and people with these disorders should seek help to overcome them Individual therapy Behavior therapy Group therapy Family therapy First step to getting help is admitting there is a problem

33 In class assignment Write an essay describing how teen magazines portray teens and their bodies. How might the magazine’s pictures affect the body image of these teens? OR Write a story about a teen who seeks help for an eating disorder. Describe the symptoms and how the disorder affects the teen’s life

34 Homework Eating Disorders pg

35 HBO Documentary Films THIN
Lessons 5-7

36 Eating Disorders Hey Good Lookin’ What’s Cookin?
Lesson 8

37 In class assignment Work in pairs to recognize the effect the media has had on body image and self-concept

38 Homework Eating Disorders pg

39 Lifelong Nutrition Lesson 9

40 Do Now Workbook pg 40 Vocabulary

41 Nutritional Needs Everyone has different nutritional needs, preferences and considerations Factor that influence nutritional needs include: Age Gender Activity level

42 Vegetarian Diets A person who eats mostly or only plant-based foods
May be a personal choice or for health reasons Drawbacks include being lower nutrients such as protein, iron, calcium, zinc, and vitamin B Must take dietary supplements to obtain all nutrients

43 Health Conditions Diabetes Food allergies Lactose intolerance
Celiac disease High blood pressure High cholesterol

44 Nutrition for Athletes
More calories are needed to produce more energy Active teens may need 2,000-5,000 calories per day Active teens should consume nutrient dense foods and foods higher in carbohydrates

45 Hydration Teens should drink 9-13 cups of water or non- caffeinated beverages per day to avoid dehydration Dehydration can lead to fatigue, dizziness, light headedness and cramping To avoid dehydration drink water before exercise, about every 15 minutes during exercise and after exercise

46 Performance Enhancers
Anabolic steroids Androstenedione Creatine Energy drinks

47 In class assignment Nutrition Notes pg 43

48 Homework Workbook pgs Study Guide

49 Supersize me Lessons 10-12

50 Homework Supersize Me Paper

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