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Literary Terms You need to know all these terms BEFORE the State Reading Assessment.

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Presentation on theme: "Literary Terms You need to know all these terms BEFORE the State Reading Assessment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Literary Terms You need to know all these terms BEFORE the State Reading Assessment

2 A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. References to well-known characters, mythology, the Bible, or events. Do you know Steve Jobs from Apple?Steve Jobs Well, here is The Simpsons ALLUDING to the famous CEO of AppleThe Simpsons Allusion

3 Bus: Bus Driver:: A. Courtroom: Defendant B. Principal: Desk C. Board: Surfer D. Officer: Badge more help…… Analogy —a partial similarity, as the computer is like the brain

4 The character that opposes the heroine; villain Example The Joker in Batman The Wolf in The Three Little Pigs Antagonist

5 A biography of a person narrated by himself/herself Autobiography

6 To influence in a particular, typically unfair direction; prejudice; a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgment. Providing evidence for only one side of an issue. Bias

7 The works or a list of the works referred to in a text or consulted by the author in its production Example works cited OR reference page Bibliography

8 The concept that an action or event will produce a certain response/result to the action in the form of another event (remember that this is a text structure). Ex. Heavy rainfall (cause) Mudslides or Floods (effect) Cause/Effect

9 A person or animal represented in or acting in a story, drama, etc. Character

10 A trite or overused expression; stereotyped expression. It’s a dog-eat-dog world, and I’m wearing Milkbone underwear. Rub salt in his wounds Cliché

11 The point of highest dramatic tension or a major turning point in the action (part of the plot diagram) Climax

12 QUIZ 1

13 A literary technique of placing together like people, places, or ideas to show common or different features (a text structure). Compare/Contrast

14 To understand a concept or reading selection. Comprehension

15 The last part of something; a result or outcome; the resolution Conclusion

16 The opposition of persons or forces that gives rise to the dramatic action in a drama or fiction Man vs. Himself Man vs. Man Man vs. Nature Man vs. Higher power Conflict

17 The emotional association suggested by the primary meaning of a word or phrase that affects its interpretation and meaning Connotation

18 Information from the text that helps the reader identify a word or word group Context Clues

19 A point at which significant change occurs Crisis/turning point

20 Dictionary meaning; a direct specific meaning as distinct from an implied or associated idea Denotation

21 A composition in writing or speech that gives a picture of a character or event (a text structure) Description

22 QUIZ 2

23 A character marked by usually continuous and productive activity or change This character changes his/her behavior or thinking in the course of the novel. Dynamic Character

24 One that serves as a pattern to be followed Example

25 Its purpose is to inform or relay information; a piece of writing that explains or informs. Ex. Science textbook Expository Text

26 The events of a dramatic or narrative plot following the climax (part of the plot diagram) Falling Action

27 A technique of disrupting the chronology of a narrative by shifting to an earlier time in order to introduce information. Flashback

28 One that represents a single (or very few traits) such as a loyal sidekick Little or no details revealed Flat Character

29 Able to express oneself readily and effortlessly Fluency

30 The technique of giving clues to coming events in a body of writing The author gives hints about what is to come later in the story. Foreshadowing

31 An intentionally exaggerated figure of speech such as I have told you a million times. Hyperbole

32 An expression that does not mean what it literally says. “He put his foot in his mouth,” meaning that he said something embarrassing. Idiom

33 QUIZ 3

34 A set of mental pictures or images; the use of figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas Using the five senses to describe: Taste (gustatory) Touch (tactile) Hear (auditory) Sight (visual) Smell (olfactory) Imagery

35 The act or process of deriving logical conclusion from premises known or assumed to be true. An educated guess Inference

36 The use of words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal meaning; incongruence Example—a doctor who smokes The difference between: Expectation and result Appearance and reality Irony

37 The quality or state of being unrelated to a matter being considered. Irrelevancy

38 Speech or writing having unusual or pretentious vocabulary, convoluted phrasing, and vague meaning Specific job-related language Ex. Doctor, Lawyer, Teacher, Mechanic Jargon

39 The chief topic of a passage expressed or implied in a word or phrase Main Idea

40 A figure of speech in which a word or phrase meaning one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a similarity between them. A comparison of two unlike things in which one is said to be the other. Ex. He is a bull. Metaphor

41 The Modern Language Association, a particular type of format for writing MLA

42 The emotional state of mind expressed by an author or artist in his or her work. Mood

43 A thought or feeling that makes a character or person act Motive

44 QUIZ 4

45 Its purpose is to entertain in the form of a written story. A story that is told or written. Examples The Three Little Bears Dumbo Beauty and the Beast Narrative Text

46 Using words that sound like their meaning such as purr, buzz, or hiss Onomatopoeia

47 To state in too strong terms; exaggerate Overstatement

48 An apparently contradictory statement that suggests the truth, as life is but a dream; a self- contradictory, illogical statement, as include me out Paradox

49 A single happening or group of happenings in a story that occur simultaneously with the main action of the story Example— “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” Parallel Episode

50 A restatement of a text, passage, or work giving the meaning in another form Paraphrase

51 The representation of ideas, animals, or objects as human beings by endowing them with human qualities Giving human qualities to non-human things Ex. The chimney coughed a plume of black smoke. Personification

52 Its purpose is to get the reader to think or act in a particular way. Writing that seeks to convince the reader to adopt a particular opinion or perform a certain action Ex. Commercials try to get you to vote a certain way to buy a certain product. Persuasive text

53 The act of stealing and passing off the ideas or words of another as one’s own; the use of another’s production without crediting the source Plagiarism

54 PLOT!!!

55 The standpoint from which the actions of a poem or story are related 1 st Person Told by a character in the story Participates in the action 2 nd Person Use the pronoun “you” Talking TO you 3 rd Person Limited “Reports” what happens Does NOT participate in the action 3 rd Person Omniscient “All-Knowing” Does NOT participate in the action Point of View

56 QUIZ 5

57 An affix attached in front of a word that changes its meaning such as “re” in reprint Prefix

58 Firsthand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic, an event, a person’s life, original works of literature, and historical facts Primary Source

59 A writing style that identifies a problem and provides a workable solution (a text structure). Ex. Too many teens are killed in car accidents (problem). Raise the driving age (solution). Problem/Solution

60 Writing that directly advocates a certain doctrine as the solution to some social or political problem Persuasive in nature Propaganda

61 The leading character in a work of fiction Usually, but not always, the “hero” Protagonist

62 Relation to the matter at hand; staying within a task or topic Relevancy

63 The outcome or solution to the plot (part of the plot diagram) Resolution

64 To state again in another way Restatement

65 The process in which a reader, having read a story, describes what happened in it Retell

66 The part of a literary work that begins with the exposition and sets the stage for the climax (part of the plot diagram) Rising Action

67 QUIZ 6

68 The basic part of a word that usually carries the main component of meaning Root

69 A complex character displaying inconsistencies and internal conflicts Round: Described in great detail Round Character

70 A kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice Example—Saturday Night Live Satire

71 Published books or articles by an author who makes a personal interpretation about a topic based on primary sources Secondary Source

72 The order of events or particular occurrences (a text structure) Sequence

73 A figure of speech in which things different in kind or quality are compared by the use of the word like or as Comparison of two unlike things using LIKE or AS Simile

74 One that does not undergo important change in the course of the story Static: This character stays the same throughout the novel. Static Character

75 An author’s method of treating a character so that the character is immediately identified with a group. A character may be associated with a group through accent, food choices, style of dress, or any readily identifiable group characteristic. Stereotype

76 An analysis of structure is an important aspect of explicating and understanding a work of fiction. Structural Analysis

77 A subordinate plot in a play A “side story” related to the main plot It usually involves characters other than the protagonist and antagonist Subplots

78 QUIZ 7 :D

79 An affix attached to a base or root rood, as –en added to ox to make oxen Suffix

80 To cover the main points succinctly To tell what happened in the story, leaving out the details Summarize

81 Small pieces of information that one by one assist the reader in seeing the whole picture or concept. To use even the smallest or unimportant parts to tell the full story. Supporting Details

82 The use, in literature, of objects, characters, and situations that represent something beyond themselves. Using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning. Symbolism

83 Graphic features of written material designed to assist the reader’s understanding of the text Italics, sub-titles, graphs, diagrams, bullets, etc. Text Features

84 The statement that must be proved, supported and/or defended in the body of a work. Thesis Statement

85 The central idea developed in a work of fiction; underlying meaning of literary work Forbidden love and class are themes in Titanic Theme

86 A subject that people think, talk, and write about Topic

87 The author’s implicit attitude toward the reader or the people/places/events in a work The attitude that the author takes toward the story or subject Can be Serious Humorous Light Funny Dark Mysterious Tone

88 QUIZ 8


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