Flow of Scientific Information Timeline years 2-3 years 3 years 4 years 5 years 7-10 years
Steps of Library Research Catalog Need books? Interlibrary Loan Interlibrary Loan No Library stacks Yes Get item in your hands! Need articles? Databases Print No Full-text
“Good” Starting Point Databases Academic Search Premier 4,200 journals, about 3,200 full-text; all subject areas; with abstracts Applied Science & Technology “Classical” coverage; limited full-text, about 200; with abstracts ArticleFirst About 16,500 periodicals; all subject areas; NO abstracts General Science 150 core publications in all areas; limited full-text; with abstracts
“Better / Best” Databases – Next Tier Medline / PubMed Premier bio-med source; nearly 10,000 journals; abstracts; also on the Web as PubMed; coverage 1966 – current Biological Abstracts Premier bioscience source; over 4,000 journals; coverage 1969 – current Biological & Agricultural Full-Text Over 360 journals from the 1980s onward; with abstracts; ~100 in full-text from 1997 onward
“Better / Best” Databases – Top Tier Web of Science Web-based version of Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index and Arts & Humanities Citation Index; over 8,000 titles in all areas; abstracts; tracks citations (times cited and cited references) ScienceDirect Over 1,700 full-text journals published by Elsevier in all areas of the sciences Wiley Online Library Over 2,000 full-text journals published by Wiley, mostly science, medicine and engineering subject areas, but also covering social sciences ACS Publications Full-text online coverage of all 30+ journals published by the American Chemical Society from initial volumes and years (back to the late 1800s) to present
MEDLINE versus PubMed One database Remote access requires NIS account Thru campus servers Coverage back to 1965 Find It! links to full- text articles AND print titles held in Library Several databases Free on Internet – no NIS account needed No campus connection Coverage back to 1950’s Links to full-text articles GENERALLY ONLY if on campus & no links to print journals in Library
1. Title of article 2. Author 3. Journal name (often called “Source”) 4. Volume (and issue) number 5. Date 6. Page(s) * Print or your citations (or accurately write them out) or use Article Citations … Don’t leave your databases without them!* Remember …
“…you won’t have to plunge too deeply into the primary literature to discover a bewildering array of variations…” (McMillan, p. 118) LEE, T. D., and F. A. BAZZAZ Regulation of fruit and seed production in an annual legume, Cassia fasciculata. Ecology 63: [American Journal of Botany] 1. Sen, R. & Baltimore, D. Cell 47, (1986). [Nature]  Auerbach, S., Zhou, F.C., Jacobs, B.L., and Azmitia, E., Serotonin turnover in raphe neurons transplanted into rat hippocampus, Neurosci. Lett., 61 (1985) [Developmental Brain Research] Low, M. G., and Saltiel, A. R. (1988). Structural and functional roles of glycosylphosphatidylinositol protein anchors. Science 239, [Cell] (examples from Victoria E. McMillan “Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences” 3 rd Ed., pp ) JOURNAL CITATION FORMATS VARY WIDELY!
Those Pesky Journal Abbrev’s … CSE Style prefers the use of journal title abbreviations. You should NOT attempt to guess at the abbreviation. You can get the correct, standardized abbreviation via the PubMed journals database. Google PubMed to get the address, or type in: Enter the “journals database” (if not already there) Type in the (full) name of the journal PubMed will give you the official abbreviation Conversely, if you need the full name of a journal, type in the abbreviation
CSE Name-Year System Journal Article, Single Author Bannier S Overweight after deep brain stimulation of the subthalmic nucleus in Parkinson disease: long term follow-up. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 80(5): Sample text citation: In Bannier’s (2009) study of Parkinsonism…
CSE Name-Year System Online Article Savage E, Ramsay M, White J, Beard S, Lawson H, Hunjan R, Brown D Mumps outbreaks across England and Wales in 2004: observational study. BMJ [Internet]. [cited 2007 May 31]; 330(7500): Available from: /reprint/330/7500/1119 doi: /bmj Sample text citation: Savage et al. (2005) described…
DOI? DOI: Digital Object Identifier – is a unique permanent web address of a journal article; it can therefore be hosted in ANY database. Using a DOI for retrieving an article: Go to Type or paste in the DOI If the Library subscribes to the journal and the article is available in our holdings, the complete full-text article will open in another window.
CSE Name-Year System Article or Chapter in an Edited Volume Beer RD Beyond control: the dynamics of brain-body-environment interaction in motor systems. In Sternad D, editor. Progress in motor control: a multidisciplinary perspective. New York: Springer. p Sample text citation: A recent study by Beer (2009)…
CSE Name-Year System Book Gilbert AN What the nose knows: the science of scent in everyday life. New York: Crown. Sample text citation: Gilbert (2008) provides an interesting …
CSE Name-Year System Website What is autism? an overview [Internet]. New York: Autism Speaks; [updated 2009; cited April]. [about 3 p.]. Available from Sample text citation: A current overview of autism is available online (What is autism…2009).
“…you won’t have to plunge too deeply into the primary literature to discover a bewildering array of variations [in citation formats] …” Victoria E. McMillan “Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences” 3rd Ed., p. 118
is a web-based bibliography and database manager which allows you to create your own personal database. References can be imported from library catalogs, online databases, text files, websites and more. Why Use It? Gather, store, manage and share references or citations Generate bibliographies in numerous citation formats such as CSE, APA, MLA, Chicago, and many others, including those used by hundreds of journals Store references online and have access to them anywhere using your web browser.
Setting up your account Creating file folder(s) Indirect exporting from a database using RefWorks search features (PubMed) Direct exporting from a database (MEDLINE & Biological Abstracts) Creating bibliographies (CSE or whatever)
Ask at the Reference Desk, 1st Floor, Library North Ask at the Reference Desk, 1st Floor, Library North Read online help screens & tutorials Ken Ryan (STEM Librarian) … or check out the other options listed on the “Ask a Librarian” page at the following URL: Still going around in circles?
And now … time for some exercise! Set up your account in and practice importing citations, setting up files and creating bibliographies. Oh, yes…also work on your Library Assignment.