Presentation on theme: "Pantheons. Important Terms Pantheon Polytheism Monotheism Anthropomorphism Theriomorphism."— Presentation transcript:
Important Terms Pantheon Polytheism Monotheism Anthropomorphism Theriomorphism
Pantheons of the World Greco-Roman Mesopotamian (Akkadian/Sumerian/Bablyonian) Egyptian Norse (Icelandic/Scandinavian/Germanic) Indian (Hindu) North American Israelite (Bible) Sub-Saharan Africa (Mali, Uganda) Others: Aztec, Mayan, Japanese, Chinese Pantheons of Mythology Map/Geography Quiz on Pantheons Map/Geography Quiz on Pantheons (Sept. 27 th )
The Greek Pantheon For information on the Greco-Roman deities, see Pantheon/Pantheon.htm Pantheon/Pantheon.htm
Mesopotamian Pantheon (Akkadian / Sumerian / Babylonian) Adad An (Anu) Apsu Dagon Ea Ereshkigal Humbaba Inanna Ishtar Marduk Tiamat For quick ID's see: Another good site::
Mesopotamian gods slay a fiery seven-headed dragon. The image is from a cylinder seal (cf. fig.16.Alexander Heidel. The Babylonian Genesis, The Story of Creation. 1942, University of Chicago Press. Reprint 1993)
Inanna (Sumerian) The Sumerian goddess of love, fertility, and war. One of the most important goddesses of the Sumerian pantheon.
= Ishtar (Babylonian) Ishtar in the middle of Gods holding the lionsceptre and a scimitar.
Huwawa [Humbaba] Huwawa [Humbaba], the Mesopotamian Forest God, who originated in a time when there were still forests to be protected. He was later betrayed and slain by his one-time friend Enkidu and Enkidu's new ally, the warrior- king Gilgamesh (Terracotta relief, c BCE) [From Time/Life's series, MYTH AND MANKIND: Epics of Early Civilization: Middle Eastern Myth, 1998:80]Time/Life
Dagon/ Oannes An ancient Mesopotamian vegetation god. Mesopotamian amphibious being who taught mankind wisdom. Oannes, as described by the Babylonian priest Berosus, had the form of a fish but with the head of a man under his fish's head and under his fish's tail the feet of a man. In the daytime he came up to the seashore of the Persian Gulf and instructed mankind in writing, the arts, and the sciences. Oannes was probably the emissary of Ea, god of the freshwater deep and of wisdom.
Ea/Enki Ea (Akkadian), Sumerian Enki, Mesopotamian god of water and a member of the triad of deities completed by Anu (Sumerian An) and Bel (Enlil). From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea the "patron god of music" evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally "lord of the earth"). In the Sumerian myth, "Enki and the World Order," Enki is said to have fixed national boundaries and assigned gods their roles. According to another Sumerian myth Enki is the creator, having devised men as slaves to the gods. In his original form, as Enki, he was associated with semen and amniotic fluid, and therefore with fertility. He was commonly represented as a half-goat, half-fish creature, from which the modern astrological figure for Capricorn is derived. He is also identified with Oannes. He sometimes the head of a ram and the body of a fish.Enki and the World Order The story of Inanna, like Ishtar the mother/bride of Tammuz worshiped by the women in the Jerusalem temple, has her getting Ea drunk.
Ea/Enki Clylinder seal impression showing the Mesopotamian "god of Wisdom," called Ea (Aya, Ayya or Enki) with two streams of water pouring forth from his shoulders. Ea warned the Mesopotamian Noah, Utnapishtim of Shuruppak of the coming Flood advising him to build himself an ark for his family and animals. On the 7th day of the Flood, the SEBITTU DAY, Ea rested with ALL the other gods, the Flood having destroyed mankind who's noise and clamor had earlier prevented the gods from resting by day or sleeping by night.
Marduk and Tiamat The Babylonian diety Marduk eventually supplants all the other gods. In one myth he slays Tiamat, the god of primeval chaos.
The Egyptian Pantheon For more information, see Re Osiris Isis Horus Anubis Hathor Amun Atum
The Norse Pantheon (also Viking / Scandinavian / Germanic) Balder (Balker) Freya Freyr Frig Loki Njord Odin (Woden) Thor Tyr For quick ID's see: d.com/norse.html d.com/norse.html 1- Woden- Death, poetry, victory 2- Thor- Thunder and war 3- Tyr- War 4- Loki- Evil and fire 5- Balker- Light and beauty 6- Frey- Sun of fertility 7- Idum- Eternal youth
The Hindu Pantheon Agni Brahma Ganesh Indra Krishna Shiva Vishnu Rama
North America Raven (Pacific Northwest) Tawa(Hopi) The Hopi Creation Myth
Israelite (Bible) Yahweh Elohim
Subsaharan Africa Mali Amma (Dogon) Pemba (Bambara) Uganda Kintu Kintu Mugulu /Mukulu For more African deities, see: pod.com/african.html