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James 1:17 – “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down form the Father of lights, with whom there is no variableness, neither.

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Presentation on theme: "James 1:17 – “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down form the Father of lights, with whom there is no variableness, neither."— Presentation transcript:

1 James 1:17 – “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down form the Father of lights, with whom there is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.”

2 The Epistle of James, pg. 74 James Adamson, ©1976 Eerdmans “The prime reference is to the light of the sun and its change from hour to hour and from day to night, and we consider this quite proper to the Greek of the Epistle of James as signifying the variation of an object in constant orbit.”

3 An Exposition, with Notes, on James Thomas Manton, 1840 reprint, T&T Clark “Parallage. – It is an astronomical word or term, taken from the heavenly bodies, which suffer many declinations and revolutions which they call parallaxes, a word that hath great affinity to this used by the apostle.”

4 James Pg. 48, R.V.G. Tasker, © 1983 Eerdmans “The RV and RSV renderings suggest with more probability that it is the shadow on the earth caused by the apparent revolution of the sun that the writer has in mind.”

5 Dictionary of the New Testament Vol. 7, p. 399, G. Kittel © 1971 Eerdmans “In the NT it is a hapax legomenon and occurs in Jm. 1:17. The use is literal. Tropes aposkiasma means the darkness caused on earth by the movements of the constellations.”

6 James – Word Biblical Commentary Pg. 39, Ralph P. Martin © 1988 Word, Inc. “Parallage denotes a change, a succession of events, a movement of objects, and belongs, in one of its meanings, to the revolution of stars in orbit (Epictetus, Diss ). Likewise trope and aposkiasma could be construed as technical terms, all used of the natural phenomena of the astral world.

7 The Epistle of James Pg. 74, S. Laws © 1980 Harper & Row “Thus parallage has some currency as a technical term, probably as equivalent to parallaxis, the change in angles of observation.

8 The Interpreter’s Bible, Volume 12 Pg. 29, Gordon Poteat © 1957 Abingdon “…the writer may have used technical astronomical terminology that he did not understand – as not uncommonly happens when preachers attempt to make a display of erudition.”


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