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RULES, REGS and REALITY 10/17/20121. RULES, REGS and REALITY This workshop, through a series of specific situations, questions and answers, presents a.

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Presentation on theme: "RULES, REGS and REALITY 10/17/20121. RULES, REGS and REALITY This workshop, through a series of specific situations, questions and answers, presents a."— Presentation transcript:

1 RULES, REGS and REALITY 10/17/20121

2 RULES, REGS and REALITY This workshop, through a series of specific situations, questions and answers, presents a number of Law interpretations that are widely accepted but may, or may not, be found in the Laws of the Game. 10/17/20122

3 RULES, REGS, and REALITY We’ll have some examples of Laws that are not interpreted exactly as written. Accurate Law interpretation, and application, will improve the quality of your officiating. This, in turn, will enhance the enjoyment of the players, the coaches, the spectators and, equally important, that of you, the referee. We’ll open by briefly discussing the resources available to you. 10/17/20123

4 RULES, REGS and REALITY RULES When we talk about ‘Soccer Rules’, what are we referring to? The Laws of the Game. Sometimes called the ‘FIFA Laws of the Game’ What organization, at its annual general meeting each February or March, reviews the Laws and makes any revisions the members feel necessary? The International Football Association Board (IFAB) 10/17/20124

5 RULES, REGS and REALITY Raise your hand if you can tell the class just one of the five football associations that is a member of the IFAB. – The Football Association (England), – The Scottish Football Association, – The Football Association of Wales, – The Irish Football Association (Northern Ireland), and – The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 10/17/20125

6 RULES, REGS and REALITY Each of the four British associations has one vote. FIFA, with their four votes, represents over 200 other football associations throughout the world. For a proposed change in the Laws to be approved it must receive the support of at least three-quarters of those present and entitled to vote. A minimum of four members, one of which must be FIFA, must be present. 10/17/20126

7 RULES, REGS and REALITY Where can we find the current official soccer rules? In the Laws of the Game, a booklet published each summer by FIFA. These are available from the AYSO supply center or for download from 10/17/20127

8 RULES, REGS and REALITY How many of you have a current edition of the Law book? If you have your Law book with you, please hold it up so we can see what it looks like. Does your copy have the AYSO logo on the cover? Does it state “Printed for the American Youth Soccer Organization with the permission of FIFA”? 10/17/20128

9 RULES, REGS and REALITY Since 1984 AYSO has had FIFA’s permission to reprint the Law Book. The AYSO edition always contains the exact same text, figures and format as the booklet published by FIFA. But it also has some additional information. We’ll talk about that shortly. 10/17/20129

10 RULES, REGS and REALITY FIFA permits some modifications to the Laws for youth soccer. Where can we find AYSO’s modifications? In the AYSO edition of the Laws of the Game. For example, in Law 7 (‘The Duration of the Match’), you can find AYSO’s rules giving the length of each half for each age group. 10/17/201210

11 RULES, REGS and REALITY The current AYSO edition of the FIFA Law Book contains additional competition rules that do not pertain to a particular Law. For example, which player gets credit for a ‘quarter’ played when a substitution is made for an injury? (Only the injured player gets credit.) 10/17/201211

12 RULES, REGS and REALITY FACTS: – a FIFA Law Book is good. – an AYSO edition of the FIFA Law Book is better. – if you don’t have one, you need to get one! 10/17/201212

13 RULES, REGS and REALITY We’ve talked about the official soccer “RULES” but, what about the “REGULATIONS”? Does AYSO have any additional Rules & Regs that we must know to properly referee or coach a team? The AYSO National Rules & Regulations (AYSO R&R) 10/17/201213

14 RULES, REGS and REALITY Where can you get a copy of the complete AYSO National Rules & Regulations? There are TWO places: – The AYSO Supply Center – Online at 10/17/201214

15 RULES, REGS and REALITY Let’s say that you’ve memorized all the Laws and the National Rules & Regulations. Are there any other sources of information you need to be familiar with? There are several: – The Law Book itself – USSF’s Advice to Referees on the Laws of the Game – USSF’s Guide to Procedures – AYSO’s Guidance for Referees, Coaches, Parents, and Other Volunteers 10/17/201215

16 RULES, REGS and REALITY FIFA LAW BOOK The Law Book contains more than just the Laws and the Decisions of the International Board. What are some of the topics immediately following Law 17 in the Law Book? 10/17/201216

17 RULES, REGS and REALITY There are several: – Procedures to Determine the Winner of a Match or Home-and-Away – The Technical Area – The Fourth Official – Interpretation of the Laws of the Game and Guidelines for Referees – Rules of the IFAB 10/17/201217

18 RULES, REGS and REALITY FIFA’s Q&A BOOK How many of you remember FIFA’s “Questions and Answers on the Laws of the Game?” FIFA’s FORMER Q&A BOOK Beginning in 2004 and until this 2008, FIFA published the IFAB’s Questions and Answers in the Law Book. The FIFA Q&A Book is now history. 10/17/201218

19 RULES, REGS and REALITY FIFA’s NEW LAW BOOK In the current Law Book, the “Interpretation of the Laws of the Game and Guidelines for Referees” contains much of the information, on a Law-by-Law basis, that was previously in the Q&A Book. Also included in “Interpretation” are the following: – Referee & AR positioning diagrams – Referee & (new additional) AR signals – Offside diagrams 10/17/201219

20 RULES, REGS and REALITY USSF’s Advice to Referees on the Laws of the Game This is not a replacement for the Laws of the Game but is intended to provide game officials with USSF’s interpretations of the Laws. AYSO is a member of USSF and, as such, consider this booklet as authoritative. Should there be conflict, the Laws of the Game take precedence. It is available for download at 10/17/201220

21 RULES, REGS and REALITY AYSO’s Guidance for Referees, Coaches, Parents and Other Volunteers This is a particularly important document for coaches, who are often unfamiliar with the other resources we’ve discussed. The ‘Guidance’ manual is a reference source of supporting materials and is intended to supplement the instruction provided at AYSO referee and coach education courses. 10/17/201221

22 RULES, REGS and REALITY AYSO’s Guidance for Referees, Coaches, Parents and Other Volunteers The main sections include: – Basic overview of the Laws of The Game – AYSO National Rules & Regulations – Short Sided Game Guide – Frequently Asked Questions – AYSO’s Mission, Vision and Six Philosophies 10/17/201222

23 RULES, REGS and REALITY Here are some examples from “Frequently Asked Questions: Who is responsible for verifying a Participation Release Form before allowing a player to participate in a game following a known serious injury or sickness which required medical attention? – Coaches must verify this and provide a copy to the Regional Commissioner and/or Regional Safety Director. It is not the referee’s responsibility. 10/17/201223

24 RULES, REGS and REALITY May players drink water during a game? – Yes - during a stoppage in play but only on the touch line. May Regions adopt local playing rules outside of FIFA and AYSO rules? – No – – Why doesn’t AYSO teach or approve of referees using the Dual Referee System? – We could spend the next half-hour on this - but we won’t. 10/17/201224

25 RULES, REGS and REALITY Let’s look at some questions and see whether or not we can answer them directly from the Laws and their corresponding IFAB Decisions. And if not, where can we find the authoritative answers? 10/17/201225

26 RULES, REGS and REALITY A defender inside his own penalty area hears a whistle blown by a spectator and, thinking it was the referee’s, picks up the ball. What should the referee do? FIFA ‘Interpretation’ “If a spectator blows a whistle and the referee considers the whistle interfered with play … the referee must stop the match and restart the play with a dropped ball…” 10/17/201226

27 RULES, REGS and REALITY The Blue team took a goal kick before all the red players had left the penalty, so I had the kick retaken. The coach of the Blue team came unglued. I quoted Law 16, which says, “opponents remain outside the penalty area until the ball is in play”. What was the coach’s problem – I was following the Laws of the game? 10/17/201227

28 RULES, REGS and REALITY AYSO Guidance (Law 16): “As with free kicks, the team taking the goal kick may elect to take a quick kick before all of the opposing team has retreated outside the penalty area as required.” 10/17/201228

29 RULES, REGS and REALITY Pre-game player inspection: A player is wearing a padded headband her parents bought for her, believing it provides protection from head injury. Do I allow the player to play or must she remove the headband? 10/17/201229

30 RULES, REGS and REALITY FIFA ‘Interpretation’ “Modern protective equipment such as headgear, facemasks, and knee and arm protectors made of soft, lightweight padded material are not considered dangerous and are therefore permitted.” 10/17/201230

31 RULES, REGS and REALITY During player inspection before the game you see that the goalkeepers’ shirts are the same color. Neither of them has another shirt to change into. Law 4 says, “Each goalkeeper wears colours that distinguish him from the other players, the referee and the assistant referees”. What do you do? 10/17/201231

32 RULES, REGS and REALITY If indeed no one can provide another shirt, let them play, even if their shirts are the same color. Where does it say you may do that? FIFA ‘Interpretation’ “If the jerseys of the two goalkeepers are the same color and neither has another jersey to change into, the referee allows play to begin.” 10/17/201232

33 RULES, REGS and REALITY I overheard a Red player say something to a Blue player but only caught the last two words “…your sister.” The Blue player immediately head butted the Red player. Nothing more occurred between the two players. Was I correct in red-carding both players? 10/17/201233

34 RULES, REGS and REALITY No, only the Blue player. For such a violent reaction to occur, the Red team player almost certainly deserved a send-off. However, you may only sanction what you or one of your officiating team heard or saw. 10/17/201234

35 RULES, REGS and REALITY Two teammates attempt to play a ball, one by trying to head it and the other by trying to kick it. You blow your whistle and stop play. Do you call ‘dangerous play’ and give an indirect free kick to the opposing team? 10/17/201235

36 RULES, REGS and REALITY No. Law 12 DOES state that an IFK is awarded to the opposing team if a player, in the opinion of the referee, “plays in a dangerous manner”. USSF 12.13 states: “Playing in a manner considered to be dangerous when only a teammate is nearby is not a foul.” 10/17/201236

37 RULES, REGS and REALITY However, if play is stopped for a dangerous situation involving only TEAMMATES, play must be restarted with a dropped ball. Since there was no disadvantage to the opposing team, it would be unfair to give them a free kick. 10/17/201237

38 RULES, REGS and REALITY You’ve had to speak with a coach about his negative comments to players, reminding him that his sideline participation must be limited to comments that are positive, instructional, and/or encouraging. Later in the game you hear him swearing at one of his players. You stopped play, showed him the red card and sent him off. Did you take the appropriate action? 10/17/201238

39 RULES, REGS and REALITY The earlier verbal warning – YES Dismissing him from the field and immediate surroundings – YES Displaying the red card – NO Law 12, Disciplinary Sanctions states, “Only a player or substitute or substituted player may be shown the red or yellow card.” USSF Advice 5.10: “…such persons may be warned regarding their behavior or expelled from the field of play and its immediate area.” 10/17/201239

40 RULES, REGS and REALITY Goalkeeper substitution: The new keeper is wearing long pants from his warm-up suit, which he was not wearing when you checked his team prior to kick-off. Law 4 speaks of shirts, shorts, stockings, shinguards and footwear, but makes no mention of long pants. Does he have to remove them before he can play? 10/17/201240

41 RULES, REGS and REALITY No. FIFA ‘Interpretations’ “Goalkeepers may wear track suit bottoms as part of their basic equipment.” 10/17/201241

42 RULES, REGS and REALITY You recently noted that Law 8 (The Start and Restart of Play) does not require you to blow your whistle for a kick-off. Law 8 simply states, “the referee gives a signal”. So you decide to demonstrate your Law knowledge, and you start your next game with a hand signal and say, “Go ahead and kick it.” Is this cool, or what? 10/17/201242

43 RULES, REGS and REALITY Not cool. FIFA Interpretations (“Referee Signals – Use of whistle”) says a whistle is needed to start play. 10/17/201243

44 RULES, REGS and REALITY Red player 7 is in an offside position near the touchline when Red player 9 takes a shot that deflects off the Blue goalkeeper into goal. Not Offside/Goal or Offside/No Goal? Not Offside/Goal Law 11: Player 7 was neither interfering with play, interfering with an opponent, nor gaining an advantage from being in an offside position. 10/17/201244

45 RULES, REGS and REALITY Red player 7 is in an offside position in the penalty area when Red player 9 takes a shot that deflects off the Blue team’s goalkeeper to red player 7. Offside or Not Offside? Offside Offside Diagram 10, ‘Interpretation’ Player 7 gained an advantage from being in an offside position. Offside is the correct answer, but does it agree with the wording of Law 11? 10/17/201245

46 RULES, REGS and REALITY Law 11: “A player in an offside position is only penalized if, at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of his team, he is, in the opinion of the referee, involved in active play by: interfering with play; or interfering with an opponent; or gaining an advantage by being in that position” The Law really should say that you judge the offside position of the player at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of his team, and then wait to see if he subsequently becomes involved in active play. 10/17/201246

47 RULES, REGS and REALITY I read in Law 4, decision 1, that a player removing his jersey to reveal slogans or advertising will be “sanctioned by the competition organizer.” It says nothing about the referee cautioning a player who removes his shirt, but I’ve seen MLS referees cautioning for it. Am I supposed to caution a player who takes his shirt off while celebrating a goal? 10/17/201247

48 RULES, REGS and REALITY Yes: FIFA ‘Interpretations’ regarding “Celebration of a goal”: A player must be cautioned if he “removes his shirt or covers his head with his shirt.” 10/17/201248

49 RULES, REGS and REALITY I was taught to blow my whistle twice for halftime. I’ve even heard World Cup referees blow twice. But I can’t find any reason for two blasts. Is this a RULE, a REG or just REALITY? Reality. The late Ken Aston, former Chief Instructor for FIFA, as a referee started the practice just for a little fun. Like many of his innovations (including the red and yellow cards) it soon became part of the game. 10/17/201249

50 RULES, REGS and REALITY As halftime approached, with the ball somewhere near midfield, Mr. Aston would wait for some minor contact, then blow his whistle once. Players would look to see what the call was, only to see him pointing toward the center of the field as he blew it a second time. Before you try waiting to blow the whistle like Ken did, keep in mind this was at a time when most coaches and spectators didn’t have digital watches. 10/17/201250

51 RULES, REGS and REALITY A Blue player kicks the ball to her goalkeeper who then starts dribbling it downfield. A Red opponent, approaching from behind, shoulder-to-shoulder charges the goalkeeper off the ball. Does AYSO allow a goalkeeper to be charged? 10/17/201251

52 RULES, REGS and REALITY Yes, A goalkeeper dribbling the ball may be fairly charged just the same as any other player, whether in or out of his penalty area. The charge must be neither careless, reckless, nor using excessive force. Until 1997, one of the Law 12 IFK offences was: “charging the goalkeeper except when he: is holding the ball; is obstructing an opponent; has passed outside his goal area.” 10/17/201252

53 RULES, REGS and REALITY (Charging Goalkeeper – continued) No one could remember referees having allowed this since sometime in the sixties. AYSO was able to get FIFA to remove it from the Laws in the 1997 rewrite. This then allowed us to remove our R&R that prohibited charging the goalkeeper in his or her penalty area. 10/17/201253

54 RULES, REGS and REALITY (Charging Goalkeeper – continued) However, since most of us primarily referee youth soccer, the following was added: AYSO R&R I.D.4: “It is the duty of referees to protect the goalkeeper against dangerous play” Referees, of course, must protect all players against dangerous play 10/17/201254

55 RULES, REGS and REALITY We need two volunteers who are willing and able to demonstrate a ‘Fair Charge’. What is a ‘fair charge’? Prior to 1997, Law 12 spoke of “Charging fairly, i.e. with the shoulder”. USSF Advice 12.5: “Although the fair charge is commonly defined as ‘shoulder to shoulder’ and without the use of arms or elbows, this is not a requirement and, at certain age levels where heights may vary greatly, may not even be possible.” 10/17/201255

56 RULES, REGS and REALITY Is it always a foul when a player falls after being charged? No, as long as the charge is otherwise fair. Is it always a foul when a player is charged from behind? No. Fair charges can be delivered from behind to the area of the shoulder blade. 10/17/201256

57 RULES, REGS and REALITY Let’s say you’re refereeing a game, calling every foul, and yet the players are edgy and the parents are complaining. Where, in any of the resources we’ve discussed, might there be some guidance as to what you’re doing wrong and how to correct it? 10/17/201257

58 RULES, REGS, & REALITY Until 1997 it was in Law 5, International Board Decision 8. For some reason it did not survive the 1997 rewrite. So, in 1997 it became AYSO R&R I.D.5. In the Guidance manual and the AYSO Edition of the Laws of the Game, you will find the following statement: 10/17/201258

59 RULES, REGS and REALITY AYSO R&R I.D.5 (LAW V, IBD 8) Let’s all read it together: “The Laws of the game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of referees to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches produces bad feeling and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of spectators.” Keep it Safe, Fun, and Fair and ENJOY yourself!! 10/17/201259

60 RULES, REGS and REALITY Law 17 says that, for the taking of a corner kick, “The ball must be placed inside the corner arc nearest to the point where the ball crossed the goal line.” But the diagram in the Laws of the Game shows the ball on the line, not inside the arc. Can’t FIFA make up their minds? 10/17/201260

61 RULES, REGS and REALITY Until 1997 the Law read “the whole of the ball…” The late Ken Aston, former chairman of the FIFA referee committee, suggested to one of our members that he would like to see Law 17 changed such that the corner markings/ball positioning was consistent with the other Laws, as it had once been (for many years, until FIFA’s president arbitrarily had it changed). 10/17/201261

62 RULES, REGS and REALITY (Ball placement for corner kick – continued) AYSO proposed the change to the IFAB in 1996, and it became Law in 1997. In 2007 the drawing in USSF Advice 17.1 was revised to incorporate the 1997 change. Whenever you see the ball being placed for a corner kick, think of it as an AYSO tribute to Ken Aston. 10/17/201262

63 RULES, REGS and REALITY In a game I refereed the Blue team made a ‘foul throw- in’, but it went directly to a Red player. I said “Advantage, Play On.” After the game my AR told me that advantage couldn’t be applied to throw-ins. Why not? 10/17/201263

64 RULES, REGS and REALITY Law 5, listing the powers and duties of the referee, states that the referee “allows play to continue when the team against which an offence has been committed will benefit from such an advantage….”. Has an offence been committed against the Red team? 10/17/201264

65 RULES, REGS and REALITY No. USSF enhanced advice from 2012 states that: “Advantage is not applied in situations involving a violation of a restart requirement. In this case, the throw-in is given to the opposing team”. 10/17/201265

66 RULES, REGS and REALITY Player Inspection U-8 girls: One player whose long shirt comes down almost to her knees doesn’t have it tucked in. You say to her, “Please tuck your shirt in.” The player starts crying. One of her teammates whispers to you, “She’s got a great big rip in her shorts.” What do you do? 10/17/201266

67 RULES, REGS and REALITY USSF Advice 4.1: “Players’ jerseys must remain tucked inside their shorts”. Who remembers Law 18? Law 18: Use Common Sense So what do you do? You tell all the girls that you forgot that today was ‘Shirts Out Day’ and proceed with the game. 10/17/201267

68 RULES, REGS and REALITY This happened near midfield. Just as a Red player went up to head a ball, a Blue player gave him a slight nudge in the back, causing the ball to glance off the Red player’s head to another Blue player. I didn’t call anything, since the nudge was neither careless, reckless, nor with excessive force. Should I have called pushing? 10/17/201268

69 RULES, REGS and REALITY Apply Law 18 by asking yourself, “Was it safe & fair?” If not, apply Law 12: blow the whistle and award the free kick. Common Sense (and Ken Aston). 10/17/201269

70 RULES, REGS and REALITY I gave an IFK to the Red team outside the Blue team’s penalty area, but forgot to raise my hand to indicate the kick was indirect. The ball was kicked directly into goal. I awarded a goal kick to the Blue team. Was my decision correct? 10/17/201270

71 RULES, REGS and REALITY Maybe – But only if your game occurred prior to July 2005, when the IFAB/FIFA changed the answer. Same question; answer from the 2004 Q&A: “He awards a goal kick because the initial offence, punished by an indirect free kick, is not nullified by the referee’s mistake.” 10/17/201271

72 RULES, REGS and REALITY Current “Interpretations” “An indirect free kick should be retaken if the referee fails to raise his arm to indicate that the kick is indirect and the ball is kicked directly into the goal.” 10/17/201272

73 RULES, REGS and REALITY Moral: Although Laws and questions regarding those Laws might not change, the interpretations might. That’s one good reason why referees need to attend annual Law sessions such as this one. Further: USSF Advice to Referees 13.9 tells us that an direct free kick accompanied by the indirect free kick signal should be retaken as well. 10/17/201273

74 RULES, REGS and REALITY This has been just a sampling of what is available in the resources we have discussed. For authoritative interpretations and applications of soccer rules, regulations and the reality of officiating, you can consult the following: 10/17/201274

75 RULES, REGS and REALITY AYSO version of the FIFA Law book AYSO Rules & Regulations USSF Guide to Procedures AYSO Guidance to Referees, Coaches, Parents, and Other Volunteers Your Section Referee Staff National Referee Advisory Commission AYSO National Referee Staff National Referee Program Administrator 10/17/201275

76 Thank you for attending. QUESTIONS? 10/17/201276

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