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Phyllis Bonham, PhD, MSN, RN, CWOCN, DPNAP, FAAN Clinical Editor-at-Large.

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Presentation on theme: "Phyllis Bonham, PhD, MSN, RN, CWOCN, DPNAP, FAAN Clinical Editor-at-Large."— Presentation transcript:

1 Phyllis Bonham, PhD, MSN, RN, CWOCN, DPNAP, FAAN Clinical Editor-at-Large

2  Welcome  Purpose of call Review WOCN® Society document development by committees/task forces Review new role for Society: Clinical Editor-at-Large  Background

3  Authors & Society have an obligation to provide current & accurate info to members & adhere to best practices in publications.  It is the responsibility of the author(s) to adhere to ethical & legal standards for publishing including: ethical conduct of research, avoiding conflict of interest/bias in publication, & citing references & obtaining permission for using materials from other sources to avoid plagiarism or copyright violations (APA, 2010).

4  Guideline for Developing WOCN Society Documents  Available in the Policy & Procedure Manual (WOCN, 2012) and as a separate document in Members Only library, Other WOCN Documents Section at  Defines types documents  Provides templates & flow charts for development & review

5  Most common documents include: Fact sheets, white papers, position papers, evidence-based clinical practice guidelines, some manuals  Key differences Focus/purpose Source of content Type of review

6  Focus-Purpose Goal to provide general info/education/position (i.e., fact sheets, white paper, position paper, CE) Goal to provide research/evidence- based, clinical practice guidelines & recommendations

7  Source of content Expert opinion Ex: Does not have sufficient research (i.e., Ostomy Best Practice ) Research/Evidence–based Ex: Developed from exhaustive systematic lit review, grades each research study & rates each level of evidence for recommendations (i.e., LEND, LEVD, LEAD, Pressure Ulcer)

8  Type review Peer review All documents are peer reviewed Content validation: A special type of peer review, coordinated by CCI for docs that do not have a research/evidence base (best practice) Doc undergoes multiple rounds of review by panel of experts to reach consensus on the content (See Appendix J.a, WOCN Society P & P Manual, WOCN, 2012)

9  Compilation of information about common practice for specific WOC topic/procedure to meet need/gap Uses research & published expert opinion Does not use a structured/extensive or “systematic review” that grades research & rates levels of evidence for recommendations Peer reviewed Ex: ABI Quick Reference Guide

10  Determine purpose/aim of document Determine the origin of request or need? – Members’ educational needs survey, board request, strategic plan, update existing document? Determine format: Print, web, CEC ?  Type of document? Review the document guide Discuss with Dr. B if questions

11  Approach like writing any paper for publication  Develop a content outline of the key topics  What do WOC nurses need to know (i.e., gaps/needs)? Avoid duplicating existing resources/text Must know vs. nice to know If topic unfamiliar, conduct prelim lit review to determine what key areas to include

12  Divide up the work (topics/questions) Seek individuals with access to electronic data-bases for literature search Facility medical/physician’s library, university/college library, etc.  Determine a coordinator/lead person  Start search for the information: topics/questions

13  Whether new publication or an update, conduct a search for current literature !  Data bases: PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library PUbMed access free; CINAHL access with ANA membership Pay Per view-submit cost to Society  JWOCN, NGCH, core texts  Check WOCN guidelines & documents for relevance/consistency with topic (e.g., position papers, Scope & Standards etc.)

14  Use current information 5-6 years unless is the sentinel or only research available, or a classic/important historical reference Use the primary source of research studies (not taken from another source/review article) Briefly describe study: author, type/focus of study, date, sample size (N), results

15 Use peer-reviewed literature that is published in journals/books that are retrievable & have an author & date Avoid web pages & sites without authors or dates – Questionable sources, questionable quality/integrity of information. – Web pages change & often not retrievable – APA (2010) recommends if web page no longer retrievable, update or omit

16  Cite sources Conveys best practice, insures quality of information/evidence, supports answers to CE questions (need reliable/valid sources) Gives source so reader can follow up, access resources: Readers do check with authors/Society Even if paraphrase, acknowledge source: Check APA for quotes etc. Legal protection from plagiarism/self- plagiarism, copyright infringement

17  Citations for PowerPoint Slides Cite source within text on slides for research findings, facts, figures, statistics, unusual/new information Reference list at end of slides Need citations from current, reliable sources to substantiate answers to CE test questions Note: Test questions should derive from objectives

18  Note: Permissions required from copyright holder to use/adapt tables, diagrams, figures, photos, large amounts of info from an article, including some web materials  Sample permission form in Society’s Document Development Guide (pg. 23, Appendix J.b).  Author(s): Start early to request permissions-or can significantly delay review & publication.

19  Many publishers have online request sites Need specific info: full citation article (author, title, source, date; page number title of table or figure) Might be a fee to reprint/use If unable to get permission to use/reprint or is cost prohibitive, omit or determine if can incorporate into text & cite source

20  American Psychological Association (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author  Examples/sources APA /01/ /01/ APA Examples in WOCN Society Document Development Guide (WOCN, 2012)

21  Attribute sources used within the text & the final reference list  In-text citations & reference list should be consistent  Reference list Author, date publication/copyright, title article, source If no date, put n.d.

22  Journal: Complete name, issue, volume, page numbers, digital object identifier (DOI) if provided  Book: Author/Editors, date, title book, # edition, location, publisher name  Authors Up to 7 -cite all authors, both initials More Than seven : List first 6 with initials … then last author

23  Chapter in an Edited Book Ermer-Seltun, J. (2012).Lower extremity assessment. In R. A. Bryant & D.P. Nix (Eds.), Acute and Chronic Wounds, Current Management Concepts (4 th ed., pp. 169-177). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.  Organization as Author/Publisher Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society (2010). Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing Scope & Standards of Practice. Mt. Laurel, NJ: Author.

24  Personal communications ◦ Only include if highly relevant ◦ Cite only in text, place in parentheses D. Jenkins stated.........; (personal communication, January 4, 2009); (D. Jenkins, personal communication, January 4, 2009). Personal communications are not listed in the final reference list

25  Proceedings meetings/symposia Published, cite same as a periodical  Oral/Poster Presentations  Presenter (year, mo), title of poster or paper. Presented at the meeting of Organization(name), location  Other unpublished materials-check APA

26  Online articles: author, title, date, site If go to a site & link to another page on the site—give precise URL Include digital object identifier (DOI) Use retrieval date if likely to change Ex: Purdue Writing Lab. (n.d.). Fact sheet. Retrieved November 2012, from  CHECK THE URL!

27  If there are missing pieces, include all the available information, move information into the previous space.  APA source on missing pieces 5/missing-pieces.html 5/missing-pieces.html pieces---apa-style-reference-table.pdf pieces---apa-style-reference-table.pdf

28  Organize content for clarity-flow Introduction? Headings? Conclusion  Check references (citations in text & reference list should be consistent)  Document Submission Guide/Checklist: Developed for tracking/completeness of info Name group, key contact, title/type document, dates of development, suggestions for peer reviewers, expected final format, copyright disclaimer (permissions, etc.)

29  Responsibilities Work with committees, task forces, & Society National Office staff in document development Available for pre-planning, questions re: format, process, issues, etc. Review/edit documents prior to peer review, content validation, Board review, & final publication

30  Assess/Assist 6 Cs: Clarity, cohesion, coherence, composition, currency & consistency Check: Content’s accuracy, consistency with current Society materials & other literature Readability: Organization, grammar (voice), spelling, style Work with National Office staff to validate references, copyright permissions, format

31  Review/update Document Development Guide as needed  Continue to refine the process for updating/developing/reviewing documents ◦ Are there ways to streamline?  Assess process for establishing priorities for updates, archives, & development of new documents

32  Thanks to each of you for your contributions & efforts to develop & maintain a high caliber of resources & educational materials to support our members & the WOC specialty nursing practice  Mega thanks to Chrissy and Becky!!!  Questions/Comments

33  American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.  Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society. (2012). Guideline for developing WOCN documents. WOCN Policy & Procedure Manual. Retrieved from or

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