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free culture By Lawerence Lessig 1.Creativity and innovation always builds on the past.

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Presentation on theme: "free culture By Lawerence Lessig 1.Creativity and innovation always builds on the past."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 free culture By Lawerence Lessig

3 1.Creativity and innovation always builds on the past.

4 2. The past always tries to control the creativity that builds on it.

5 3. Free societies enable the future by limiting the past.

6 4. Ours is less and less a free society.

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8 1710 Statute of Anne limited term 14 years

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12 1710 Statute of Anne limited term 14 years Renewable x1 for 7 years

13 1710 Statute of Anne limited term 14 years Renewable x1 for 7 years 21 years max

14 1731 ( )

15 1740s Scottish publishers reprint classics

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18 London publishers: “copyright is forever”

19 Com Common Law copyright

20 1774 Donaldson v. Beckett free culture born

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24 Shakespeare free

25 Free Shakespeare

26 freed culture

27 US Constitution Progress Clause To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries

28 1790 First US Copyright law passed

29 1790 unregulated creativity “printing” free derivatives 14 years

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33 1790 free code transparent technology

34 1790 “fourteen years” maybe x2

35 to 42 (1831)

36 56 (1909)

37 59 (1962)

38 61 (1965)

39 63 (1967)

40 64 (1968)

41 65 (1969)

42 66 (1970)

43 67 (1971)

44 68 (1972)

45 70 (1974)

46 75 (1976)

47 95 (1998)

48 Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act

49 aka

50 Mickey Mouse Protection Act

51 US Constitution Progress Clause To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries

52 Eldred vs Ashcroft

53 Eric Eldred The Scarlet Letter

54 Hawthorne

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58 “noncommercial publishing industry”

59 Robert Frost

60 1998 Frost Poems  Public Domain Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act Frost Poems  Public Domain 2019

61 X

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63 Eldred vs Ashcroft

64 Public Domain X Fair Use ?

65 What is Fair Use? Legal limited use of copyrighted Material

66 1.the purpose and character of your use 2.the nature of the copyrighted work 3.the amount and substantiality of the portion taken, and 4.the effect of the use upon the potential market. ?

67 1.the purpose and character of your use 2.the nature of the copyrighted work 3.the amount and substantiality of the portion taken, and 4.the effect of the use upon the potential market. lawyers + = No fair use

68 1.Creativity and innovation always builds on the past.

69 2. The past always tries to control the creativity that builds on it.

70 3. Free societies enable the future by limiting the past.

71 4. Ours is less and less a free society.

72 Eldred vs Ashcroft Discussion promote the progress of science and useful arts? limited times?


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