Presentation on theme: "Heinrich Campendonk, a German 'Expressionist' printmaker and painter, was born on November 03, 1889, at Krefeld, Germany. He completed his studies at."— Presentation transcript:
Heinrich Campendonk, a German 'Expressionist' printmaker and painter, was born on November 03, 1889, at Krefeld, Germany. He completed his studies at Krefeld Kunstgewerbeschule, under the guidance of the famous Dutch artist, Johan-Thorn Prikker. Campendonk started his own studio in 1908, at Krefeld, and shared his work with August Macke, a German Expressionist painter.
BLUE RIDER ARTISTS MARIA AND FRANZ MARC (LEFT), HEINRICH CAMPENDONK (SECOND FROM RIGHT), AND WASSILY KANDINSKY (SEATED) 1911 1911 was an eventful year for the artist. This year, Macke showed Heinrich's work to the Russian artist, Wasily Kandinsky. Later in the year, Franz Marc, another German 'Expressionist' painter, invited Campendonk to Bavaria, Sindelsdorf, which the artist honored and settled in Bavaria. In 1911 only, he met an art dealer, Alfred Flechtheim. The same year, in Sindelsdorf, he joined the art group, 'Der Blauer Reiter' and stayed with it until 1912. Enjoying a good rapport with the group, Heinrich participated and displayed his artworks with the group at various exhibitions.
The Dream -1913 Campendonk usually portrayed the relationship between humans & beasts, and life's cycles as the key themes of his artworks. The paintings were mostly a confluence of geometrical figures and colors, both complementing each other in entirety. Macke, Kandinsky, and Marc highly influenced his artworks. Campendonk's works spectrum included watercolors, woodcuts, gouaches, and glass paintings. In 1913, the group and Campendonk exhibited their works together at 'Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon,' at the Der Strum Gallery, Berlin.
In 1917, Heinrich Campendonk was appointed as a teacher at the Strum Gallery. In 1926, Heinrich joined as a professor at Kunstakademie, in Dusseldorf. He achieved artistic recognition through his works on the windows of churches and public buildings, in the mid 1920s. Some of Heinrich's famous works of the period are "Landtag and Paulskirche," "Duesseldorf parliament building," In 1933, at the onset of the reign of Nazi government, the artist was one of the many 'Modernists,' prohibited from exhibiting and teaching. Disappointed, he moved to Oostende, Belgium for a short period.
Heinrich Campendonk was a German printmaker and stained glass artist. After World War One sources such as African art, Egyptian shadow play figures and Russian folk prints all provided sources of inspiration for his woodcuts. In this hand-coloured print the contrast of the almost luminous colours with the strong black outlines recalls Campendonk's interest in stained glass. 'Large Head with Spread Out Hand' 1921
Composition with Nude Woman and Animals- 1917 The Fairytale (1916). Woodcut,
Declining female nude with flowers and trees, 1916
Two Girls with Rooster 1917. Heinrich Campendonk created an idyllic, evocative world inspired by his inner experience and personal symbols. Campendonk's graphics stress the instinctive over the intellectual and the unconscious over the rational. Unlike so many of his avant-garde contemporaries, his work lacks any sense of engagement with current social and political problems. He often looked to nature and animals to compose a dreamlike, illogical world reminiscent of Marc Chagall. He often worked in a traditional style of the woodcut medium by juxtaposing tonal areas and creating a linear surface pattern.
Man and Beasts amidst Nature Between 1910 and 1924
Die Bettler (The Beggars), Woodcut Carnival (Sitting harlequin and animals), Woodcut 1922
In 1935, the artist immigrated and settled at Amsterdam. There he was appointed as a teacher at Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten, to be promoted eventually as the Academy Director. Initially he taught decorative art, stained glass, and printmaking. The artist stayed with the academy for the rest of his life. In addition, he kept receiving several commissions for window glass painting in Germany and the Netherlands. In 1956, he was dubbed a knight and was awarded the Quellinus- Preis of the Amsterdam city. Heinrich died on May 09, 1957 in Amsterdam.
Passion window, 1937; First Edition: Dutch Pavilion World Exhibition Paris, 1937