Presentation on theme: "January 10, 2011 What was the war like ? –Six major questions about 1968 –Group Presentations Cause and Effect of the 6 essential questions Homework: Section."— Presentation transcript:
January 10, 2011 What was the war like ? –Six major questions about 1968 –Group Presentations Cause and Effect of the 6 essential questions Homework: Section 5 Notes
Cause and Effect In groups, you will take your topic and show the class its causes and effects on that year. –For Example: Topic Vietnam War Causes – Vietcong’s push to capture S.V, Ho Chi Minh’s promise of an independent Vietnam Effects – U.S. soldiers sent to war, Johnson’s popularity falling, college protestors You may do this in poster form or in skit form. The topics are: –The Surprise Attack –Changes Public Opinion –Johnson Withdraws –Violence and Protest in 1968 –Turmoil in Chicago –Nixon Triumphs
A Surprise Attack January 30- Vietnamese New Year’s Eve Lunar new year festivities known in Vietnam as Tet Villagers took advantage of week long truce to hold funerals for war victims. Coffins contained weapons and many villagers were Vietcong agents
continued for a month Westmoreland declared the attacks an overwhelming defeat for the Vietcong. Westmoreland was wrong. –Shook the American public and credibility gap suddenly widened –Shocking images of attacks by an enemy that seemed to be everywhere.
Tet Changes Public Opinion Tet offensive changed millions of minds about the war. Mainstream media now openly criticized the war Defense secretary, Clark Clifford concluded that the war was un-winnable Johnson’s popularity plummeted
Whose running in 1968? Robert Kennedy decided not to run Eugene McCarthy ready to run against Johnson on a platform to end the war.
Robert Kennedy declared his candidacy for president which divided the Democratic Party. Johnson announced that the U.S. would seek negotiations to end the war. Johnson stepped down because of party division and the war
Violence and Protest Grip the Nation 1968- assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Two months latter, Robert Kennedy was assassination Nation’s college campuses continued to protest. Students clashed with university officials over campus and social issues.
Turmoil in Chicago Johnson stepped down leaving Eugene McCarthy against Hubert Humphrey in the Democratic presidential primary race. Nomination to be done in Chicago protesters arrive to provoke violence. Protestors march on convention where cops were present.
Nixon Triumphs Republican presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon. Political career all but dead so he joined a New York law firm. 1968- Nixon announced his candidacy for president and won the party’s nomination. Campaigned on a promise to restore law and order.
Promised, in vague terms to end the war in Vietnam George Wallace was a Democrat who ran as a third-party candidate Wallace supported school segregation and states’ rights and was labeled the “white backlash” candidate Wallace took some Democrat votes allowing Nixon to win.