Presentation on theme: "The effects of poor nutrition Karolina Gajek. Table of contents 1.The effects of poor nutrition 2. Anorexia 3. Bulimia nervosa 4. Healthy eating 5. Gallery."— Presentation transcript:
The effects of poor nutrition Karolina Gajek
Table of contents 1.The effects of poor nutrition 2. Anorexia 3. Bulimia nervosa 4. Healthy eating 5. Gallery
The effects of poor nutrition - Cardiovascular disease (hypertension, atherosclerosis and it’s complications such as stroke and coronary heart disease inclusive cardiac infarction) - Cancer - Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus - Colon disease - Cholelithiasis - Caries - Osteoporosis - Obesity - Bulimia, anorexia Obesity - that is, an excessive accumulation of body fat. It increases the risk of health damage and is associated with increased risk of heart disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, cholelithiasis, degenerative changes of the osteoarticular system and even some types of cancer.
Anorexia Anorexia (anorexia nervosa) It is a psychiatric illness. It reveals a strong fear of putting on weight. Sufferers perceive themselves as much fatter and uglier than they actually are, often feel disgusted with their body and have understated self-esteem. They also often state that they are sated before they eat.
Symptoms Even after weight loss growing fear of putting on weight Lack or very extended periods between menstruations Eating meals alone (shame before the others) Hair loss Cold hands, sweating feet Intense physical exercise to improve a doy shape, Lies about amount of eating meals General weakness Extensive periods of "superactivity" The appearance of hair on arms, legs and other parts of the body Irregular heartbeat Dry, flaky skin Shortness of breath Lack of appetite and feeling disgust to eating Extremely slim body, tighten the facial features, General weakness, dehydration, and sometimes symptoms of cardiovascular system Along with the development of the disease characterized are increasing irritability, it is difficult to calmly talk to someone who is sick, For weight loss patients have different methods: radical reduction in food intake combined with periodic starvation, the use of laxatives and diuretics, vomiting after every meal, strenuous physical exercise for calorie consumption.
The causes of anorexia Dissatisfaction with body shape The belief that slim people have better life Negative attitude toward aging. Fear of "adulthood" Low self-esteem and lack of self- confidence
Anorexia is the most popular problem among young models.
Mental hyperphagia (bulimia nervosa) Mental hyperphagia (bulimia nervosa) It is also a psychiatric illness. A disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food. Afraid of putting on weight, dieting down to starvation between binge episodes. Intense exercise (swimming, running, gymnastics), provoke vomiting and abusing laxatives and diuretics. It happens that after vomiting a person feels so much relief that he or she overeats in order to vomit again.
Causes of bulimia: Treating food as substitutes for love Stressful life events (quarrels, illness, death in family) Low self-esteem and frequent periods of anxiety. Girls and young women whose career is associated with the need to maintain a slim body usually suffers those illnesses. Those include also young dancers, ballet school students, some sportwomen - swimmers, athletes. There are cases of these diseases among the elderly people, or even 30-year-olds, although much less frequently.
Healthy eating The human body is composed of cells that need for life and growth nutrients from food. For this reason, our look, well-being and health depends on the daily diet. Age, lifestyle, and even such factors as climate can influence the type and quantity of nutrients needed by a person at a time. There is no doubt that it is always very important to eat wholesome, nutritious food. This applies in particular to children and adolescents, whose bodies grow and develop.
It's a diet that provides adequate amounts of energy and all nutrients, and thus of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. But because people vary widely among themselves (gender, age, weight, physical activity, health status, etc.), their nutritional needs are also not the same. The guiding principle of any diet should be variety. There is no single, perfect product that would contain all the nutrients in optimal proportions for us. When we train regularly, you should use an appropriate diet for doing so. Food of an active lifestyle should be of high nutritional value, that is, should provide adequate amounts of energy, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, is very important to the proper amount of fluids.
10 principles of healthy eating: 1. consume a variety of foods 2. Meals should be based on a large amount of food rich in carbohydrates 3. eat more fruits and vegetables 4. Maintain a healthy weight and body 5. Eat moderate portions - reduce, not eliminate food 6. Eat regular meals 7. Drink plenty of fluids 8. do sport 9. Start now, and make gradual changes in your lifestyle 10. Remember - there is no "good" or "bad" foods, only good or bad diet.