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The Southwest Tejas Nuevo Mexico Alta California.

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Presentation on theme: "The Southwest Tejas Nuevo Mexico Alta California."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Southwest Tejas Nuevo Mexico Alta California

2 US Mexico Wars Cotton, Cattle and Trade

3 Land Grants Patron Grants –Texas –California Village Grants –New Mexico Patron Grants –Texas –California Village Grants –New Mexico

4 Patron Grants Patron system –fictive kinship Subsistence Economies –local production –cash poor –Wealth and Capital Patron system –fictive kinship Subsistence Economies –local production –cash poor –Wealth and Capital

5 Village Grants privately held plots collectively owned –managed range –unmanaged range –irrigation system village –Religious authority –civil authority privately held plots collectively owned –managed range –unmanaged range –irrigation system village –Religious authority –civil authority

6 Northern Mexico Fur trappers in northern Rockies 1810’s Santa Fe Trail 1822 Fur trappers in northern Rockies 1810’s Santa Fe Trail 1822 J. Bingham, “Trappers descending Mo.”

7 Texas Colonization Mexicans fear US expansion Invite Southerners to Settle Texas –Mexican citizenship –adopt Catholicism 1830: 25k Anglos & 4k Mexicans in Texas Mexicans fear US expansion Invite Southerners to Settle Texas –Mexican citizenship –adopt Catholicism 1830: 25k Anglos & 4k Mexicans in Texas Sam Houston

8 Independence and Annexation 1826 Fredonia Revolt Poinsett mission to Mexico 1829 Mexico abolishes slavery 1834 Texans declare Independence 1826 Fredonia Revolt Poinsett mission to Mexico 1829 Mexico abolishes slavery 1834 Texans declare Independence

9 Texas Mexico War: Alamo to Annexation 1836 Battles of Alamo & San Jacinto 1837 Texas Independent 1841 Texans invade New Mexico 1845 Texas annexed as a slave state 1836 Battles of Alamo & San Jacinto 1837 Texas Independent 1841 Texans invade New Mexico 1845 Texas annexed as a slave state

10 US-Mexico War Slidell Mission 1845 –purchase California & New Mexico –settle Texas dispute May 1846 war begins 1848 war ends Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Slidell Mission 1845 –purchase California & New Mexico –settle Texas dispute May 1846 war begins 1848 war ends Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

11 OREGON TERRITORY 1849 territorial government 1835 protestant missionaries arrive in 1849 territorial government 1835 protestant missionaries arrive in

12 Washington/Oregon 1846 US Britain establish border 1847 Whitman massacre – Cayuse 1846 US Britain establish border 1847 Whitman massacre – Cayuse Tilaukait

13 Oregon Territory Nez Perce, Cayuse, Yakima, Colville, Umatilla, 1853 split into Oregon and WA territories Joel Palmer OR and Issac Stevens WA – reserve coastal tribes –1855 reserve inland tribes Nez Perce, Cayuse, Yakima, Colville, Umatilla, 1853 split into Oregon and WA territories Joel Palmer OR and Issac Stevens WA – reserve coastal tribes –1855 reserve inland tribes Tamahas

14 Walla 1863 a new treaty –unaccepted by Indians –reduces their reserve 1863 a new treaty –unaccepted by Indians –reduces their reserve

15 Oregon Territory Depopulation Year Nez Perce Walla Walla Yakima k 2.6k ? k 2.2k 2.1k k 1.3k 1k Year Nez Perce Walla Walla Yakima k 2.6k ? k 2.2k 2.1k k 1.3k 1k

16 California Depopulation DatePop k k k k k k

17 California Indian Conflicts CA law allows forced indenture of Indian Children –1851 Gold Trails through Paiute land –1853 Miners provoke Rogue River war CA law allows forced indenture of Indian Children –1851 Gold Trails through Paiute land –1853 Miners provoke Rogue River war


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