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ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT IDEAS AND EVENTS LAID THE FOUNDATION FOR THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION? FOUNDATIONS OF GOVERNMENT.

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Presentation on theme: "ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT IDEAS AND EVENTS LAID THE FOUNDATION FOR THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION? FOUNDATIONS OF GOVERNMENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 ESSENTIAL QUESTION: WHAT IDEAS AND EVENTS LAID THE FOUNDATION FOR THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION? FOUNDATIONS OF GOVERNMENT

2 IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS Magna Carta Document signed by the King of England in st limit to his power

3 Guaranteed some basic rights: Trial by jury King could not tax without permission from Parliament IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS

4 King could not tax without permission from Parliament Enlightenment Period of great ideas in Europe that influenced American ideas on government Francis Bacon

5 IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS Period of great ideas in Europe that influenced American ideas on government English Bill of Rights Expanded the ideas of the Magna Carta Further limited the power of the English monarchy Increased rights of citizens

6 IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS Further limited the power of the English monarchy Increased rights of citizens William and Mary

7 IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS Increased rights of citizens John Locke English thinker Humans have 3 natural rights: Life Liberty Property

8 IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS Life Liberty Property Social contract Agreement between people and the government If the government fails to protect the people’s rights, the people have the right (or duty) to change it or overthrow it

9 IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS If the government fails to protect the people’s rights, the people have the right (or duty) to change it or overthrow it Baron de Montesquieu French thinker Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu

10 IMPORTANT EUROPEAN IDEAS Baron de Montesquieu French thinker Separation of powers into 3 branches of government

11 COLONY Definition: a territory established by a nation to increase its wealth French thinker Separation of powers into 3 branches of government

12 Definition: a territory established by a nation to increase its wealth Reasons English citizens moved to North American colonies: Financial Religion COLONY

13 Financial Religion To start a new life

14 PILGRIMS Sailed to America on the Mayflower in 1620 Religion To start a new life

15 PILGRIMS Sailed to America on the Mayflower in 1620 Signed the Mayflower Compact Agreed to majority rule Helped establish the idea of self-government in the colonies

16 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) Helped establish the idea of self-government in the colonies Britain v. France Each side had Native American allies French negotiating with Huron allies Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea), Mohawk leader— ally to the British

17 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) Britain v. France Each side had Native American allies Fighting for control of North America

18 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( )

19 Tanacharison, the “Half King” Battle of Jumonville Glen

20 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) Fort Necessity Surrendered to the French: July 4, 1754

21 Gen. Edward Braddock Battle of the Monongahela Braddock’s death

22

23 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) Fighting for control of North America Part of a worldwide war between European nations called the Seven Years’ War

24 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ( ) Part of a worldwide war between European nations called the Seven Years’ War British victory Gained control over all territory east of the Mississippi River Very expensive war


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