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Presentation on theme: " College of Nursing. Objectives  List preceptor role & responsibilities  Describe adults learning styles  Explore effective communication,"— Presentation transcript:

1 College of Nursing

2 Objectives  List preceptor role & responsibilities  Describe adults learning styles  Explore effective communication, including giving feedback & resolving conflict  Discuss techniques for stimulating critical thinking  Review components of the UTB CON preceptor handbook  Complete preceptor post-test

3  Modeler--demonstrates how competent staff perform their job-- most familiar, most comfortable  Socializer—integrates student into the unit culture--less familiar, less comfortable &helps student feel welcome  Educator—assists student to assess orientation learning needs, plan learning experiences, implement the plan, evaluate performance--least familiar, least comfortable Socializer Role Model Educator Role of the Preceptor

4  Role Model-- “an individual who exemplifies through his or her behavior how a specific role is to be enacted” (JG Alspach, 2000)  Nurse role model exhibits these qualities-- Caring Positive interactions Empathetic Respected by peers Good communicator Strong patient advocate Expert practitioner Willing resource person Shares knowledge with others Respects dignity in all people Critical thinker Honest, accountable What is a Role Model?

5  Compare--your usual job activities with teaching others how to perform their job  Major Role with Preceptee--teaching rather than doing  Conflict--can arise if you “do for” the preceptee rather than guiding to do for themselves  Challenge--balancing dual role of caregiver and preceptor

6  Think back to your own orientation-- how you felt, new circumstances  Reality Shock--4 phases HONEYMOON SHOCK RECOVERY RESOLUTION

7  Adult Learning Principles  How Communication is Received  Generational Values  Learning Styles

8  Self-directed--want to be actively involved  Relate new knowledge to life experiences/previous knowledge  Goal-oriented  Must have a reason for learning  Practical--want learning to be useful  Want to state their views, be recognized, be accepted, feel important, be respected

9 60% 30% 10%

10  MATURES--< “duty” work ethic, follow orders, productive, “fixers”  BABY BOOMERS teamwork, process oriented, desire recognition, uncomfortable with conflict  GENERATION Xers self-reliant, skeptical, casual about authority, tech savvy, resourceful  MILLENIALS tech savvy, less focused on problem solving & more on choices, buy into team concept, look for mentors, accepting of other cultures, expect management to be competent, demand equity

11 Left Brain vs. Right Brain LEFTRIGHT AnalyticalGlobal Uses automatic codesWholes, not parts Arranges details in orderNovelty Auditory rather than visual Intuitive Spatial Visual over auditory

12 I… Identify learning objectives M… Make a feedback-friendly learning environment P… Performance--assess it R… Respond to your learner’s self-assessment O… Objectivity--always keep it V… Validate good work, suggest alternatives in weak areas E… Establish a plan Goal: To IMPROVE Performance

13 Feedback should be  Immediate  Clear  Positive  Objective

14 Task Interdependence Individual Differences Communication Failures Scarce Resources Poorly Designed Reward Systems Goal Incompatibility

15  Take responsibility  Agree to disagree  Define the problem  Allow venting  Establish ground rules--honesty, everyone will be heard, all listen, support feelings with facts  Ask open-ended questions  Listen objectively  Restate problem, set goals, establish action plans  Follow-up How to Create Peace

16  Create a climate of curiosity/questioning  Ask Open-ended vs. Close-ended questions, qualify answers-- correct, partially correct, incorrect  Prepare for the unexpected-- “What if…”  Think out loud--Verbalize your processes  Compare assessment findings with report  Reflect on activities/findings of the day  Challenge assumptions  Seek meanings, connections, group data  Keep professional humility--readily admit erroneous conclusions, seek the truth always Improving the Learning Environment

17 1 Plan ahead—tell staff date preceptee is coming to unit, outline daily plans 2 First day—ask your learner to share their goals/needs, share your goals/expectations 3 Introduce to staff—integrate, welcome, include in break times 4 Give specifics about what you expect 5 Get/Give feedback often during the day 6 Reflect on activities, skills completed

18  Identify student’s learning needs—ask for critical skills list, clinical objectives  Let student observe what you do, maybe only one client for student care  Seek opportunities for student to perform identified high- anxiety procedures first—reduces fear, stress  Have a brief conference with the student to double-check assessment priorities, medications changes  Ask the student to reflect on the day’s activities and discuss situations, ask questions

19  Practice good time management  Coach your learner towards excellence in practice  Follow NPA delegation guidelines  Create opportunities for learning  Encourage people to have fun, enjoy their work  Move from preceptor to mentor--assist new staff, peers in learning

20  Preceptor Program  Preceptor Orientation Information  Preceptor Agreement, Benefits  Clinical Guidelines  Evaluation Tool  Student Medication Administration Incident Report Form  Student Objectives/Skills

21  Medications --RN must be at bedside with IV “push”administration by student --RN alone can access narcotics, sign narcotics forms for student --RN must supervise student narcotic administration and co-sign MAR

22  Needle sticks/Exposures Student will: --report incident to preceptor immediately and clinical faculty then notify appropriate person in clinical agency --Complete agency incident report --Follow agency protocols regarding wound care, reporting and notify clinical faculty as soon as possible --Seek treatment from Campus Health Center or private provider within 2 hours of incident

23 Freiburger, O. (2001). A tribute to clinical preceptors. Journal for Nurses in Staff Development, Vol. 17, No. 6, Alfaro-LeFevre, R. (2002). Improving your ability to think critically. RN, MSN Nursing Spectrum—Career Fitness Online. Ohrlin,K. & Hallberg, I. (2000). Student nurses’ lived experience of preceptorship. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 37,

24 You have successfully completed the University of Texas at Brownsville College of Nursing Preceptor Self-Paced Tutorial!


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