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College of Nursing Preceptor Power point.

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Presentation on theme: "College of Nursing Preceptor Power point."— Presentation transcript:

1 College of Nursing Preceptor Power point

2 Objectives List preceptor role & responsibilities
Describe adults learning styles Explore effective communication, including giving feedback & resolving conflict Discuss techniques for stimulating critical thinking Review components of the UTB CON preceptor handbook Complete preceptor post-test

3 Role of the Preceptor Modeler--demonstrates how competent staff perform their job--most familiar, most comfortable Socializer—integrates student into the unit culture--less familiar, less comfortable &helps student feel welcome Educator—assists student to assess orientation learning needs, plan learning experiences, implement the plan, evaluate performance--least familiar, least comfortable Role Model Socializer Educator

4 What is a Role Model? Role Model-- “an individual who exemplifies through his or her behavior how a specific role is to be enacted” (JG Alspach, 2000) Nurse role model exhibits these qualities-- Caring Positive interactions Empathetic Respected by peers Good communicator Strong patient advocate Expert practitioner Willing resource person Shares knowledge with others Respects dignity in all people Critical thinker Honest, accountable

5 Compare--your usual job activities with teaching others how to perform their job
Major Role with Preceptee--teaching rather than doing Conflict--can arise if you “do for” the preceptee rather than guiding to do for themselves Challenge--balancing dual role of caregiver and preceptor

6 Think back to your own orientation--how you felt, new circumstances

7 Components of Learning
Adult Learning Principles How Communication is Received Generational Values Learning Styles

8 Adult Learning Principles
Self-directed--want to be actively involved Relate new knowledge to life experiences/previous knowledge Goal-oriented Must have a reason for learning Practical--want learning to be useful Want to state their views, be recognized, be accepted, feel important, be respected

9 Words Vision 60% 30% Hearing 10% Content

10 Learning through the Ages
MATURES--< “duty” work ethic, follow orders, productive, “fixers” BABY BOOMERS teamwork, process oriented, desire recognition, uncomfortable with conflict GENERATION Xers self-reliant, skeptical, casual about authority, tech savvy, resourceful MILLENIALS tech savvy, less focused on problem solving & more on choices, buy into team concept, look for mentors, accepting of other cultures, expect management to be competent, demand equity

11 Left Brain vs. Right Brain
LEFT RIGHT Analytical Global Uses automatic codes Wholes, not parts Arranges details in order Novelty Auditory rather than visual Intuitive Spatial Visual over auditory

12 I…Identify learning objectives
Goal: To IMPROVE Performance I…Identify learning objectives M…Make a feedback-friendly learning environment P…Performance--assess it R…Respond to your learner’s self-assessment O…Objectivity--always keep it V…Validate good work, suggest alternatives in weak areas E…Establish a plan

13 Effective Feedback Feedback should be Immediate Clear Positive Objective

14 Individual Differences Scarce Resources
Task Interdependence Individual Differences Scarce Resources Poorly Designed Reward Systems Communication Failures Goal Incompatibility

15 How to Create Peace Take responsibility Agree to disagree
Define the problem Allow venting Establish ground rules--honesty, everyone will be heard, all listen, support feelings with facts Ask open-ended questions Listen objectively Restate problem, set goals, establish action plans Follow-up

16 Improving the Learning Environment
__________ _______ _______ Improving the Learning Environment Create a climate of curiosity/questioning Ask Open-ended vs. Close-ended questions, qualify answers--correct, partially correct, incorrect Prepare for the unexpected-- “What if…” Think out loud--Verbalize your processes Compare assessment findings with report Reflect on activities/findings of the day Challenge assumptions Seek meanings, connections, group data Keep professional humility--readily admit erroneous conclusions, seek the truth always

17 Plan ahead—tell staff date preceptee is coming to unit, outline daily plans
First day—ask your learner to share their goals/needs, share your goals/expectations Introduce to staff—integrate, welcome, include in break times Give specifics about what you expect Get/Give feedback often during the day Reflect on activities, skills completed

18 Identify student’s learning needs—ask for critical skills list, clinical objectives
Let student observe what you do, maybe only one client for student care Seek opportunities for student to perform identified high-anxiety procedures first—reduces fear, stress Have a brief conference with the student to double-check assessment priorities, medications changes Ask the student to reflect on the day’s activities and discuss situations, ask questions

19 Practice good time management
Coach your learner towards excellence in practice Follow NPA delegation guidelines Create opportunities for learning Encourage people to have fun, enjoy their work Move from preceptor to mentor--assist new staff, peers in learning

20 Preceptor Program Preceptor Orientation Information Preceptor Agreement, Benefits Clinical Guidelines Evaluation Tool Student Medication Administration Incident Report Form Student Objectives/Skills

21 Medications --RN must be at bedside with IV “push”administration by student --RN alone can access narcotics, sign narcotics forms for student --RN must supervise student narcotic administration and co-sign MAR

22 Safe Practice-- continued
Needle sticks/Exposures Student will: --report incident to preceptor immediately and clinical faculty then notify appropriate person in clinical agency --Complete agency incident report --Follow agency protocols regarding wound care, reporting and notify clinical faculty as soon as possible --Seek treatment from Campus Health Center or private provider within 2 hours of incident

23 References Freiburger, O. (2001). A tribute to clinical preceptors. Journal for Nurses in Staff Development, Vol. 17, No. 6, Alfaro-LeFevre, R. (2002). Improving your ability to think critically. RN, MSN Nursing Spectrum—Career Fitness Online. Ohrlin,K. & Hallberg, I. (2000). Student nurses’ lived experience of preceptorship. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 37,

24 You have successfully completed the University of Texas at Brownsville
College of Nursing Preceptor Self-Paced Tutorial!


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