Presentation on theme: "Warm-up #3 Name the five Enlightenment thinkers we have been studying (from your chart and salon). What idea is each thinker known for? Explain."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up #3 Name the five Enlightenment thinkers we have been studying (from your chart and salon). What idea is each thinker known for? Explain.
Enlightenment Thinkers Quiz 7 multiple choice question. Number and answer choice only. Don’t forget name, date, and heading.
Use the following excerpts with the Enlightenment thinker quotes to answer the question below: Prompt: Which Enlightenment thinker had the greatest effect on modern democracy? Use at least one quote from a thinker and one excerpt about government to support your answer. Responses should be 150 to 200 words.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the purist of Happiness. – Declaration of Independence, 1776
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed. – US Bill of Rights
The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may thus speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. – Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789
All legislative (law-making) Powers herein granted shall be vested (concentrated) in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. – U.S. Constitution
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. – U.S. Bill of Rights, 1791
Governments are instituted among Men, deriving (getting) their just powers from the consent of the governed…whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government. – Declaration of Independence, 1776
As all persons are held innocent until they have been declared guilty, if arrest is considered essential, all harshness not necessary for the securing of the person shall be severely repressed by law. – Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789
Every Bill which shall have passed the house of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with her Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall…proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent... To the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. – U.S. Constitution
Model paragraph Of all of the Enlightenment thinkers, John Locke had the greatest effect on modern democracy. He stated that all men were born with certain rights that cannot be denied. “Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself.” (John Locke) His ideas about natural rights were the foundation of American democracy and the justification for separating from England. Thomas Jefferson reflects these ideals in the Declaration of Independence when he states that “…all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Created with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” In conclusion, John Locke has the biggest effect on modern democracy because our government was designed to recognize and protect the natural rights.