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McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Peak Performance: Success In College And Beyond Chapter 10 Become a Critical.

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Presentation on theme: "McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Peak Performance: Success In College And Beyond Chapter 10 Become a Critical."— Presentation transcript:

1 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Peak Performance: Success In College And Beyond Chapter 10 Become a Critical Thinker and Creative Problem Solver McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Learning Outcomes Define Bloom’s Taxonomy Explain the problem-solving process Practice critical thinking and problem-solving strategies Describe common fallacies and errors in judgment

3 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Learning Outcomes Explain the importance of creativity in problem solving Use problem-solving strategies for mathematics and science Overcome math and science anxiety

4 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Success Principle 10 Focus on CRITICAL THINKING, not assumptions.

5 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Essential Critical Thinking Skills Bloom’s Taxonomy 1.Knowledge 2.Comprehension 3.Application 4.Analysis 5.Synthesis 6.Evaluation

6 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Problem-Solving Steps 1.Define the problem 2.Gather and interpret information 3.Develop and implement a plan of action 4.Evaluate your plan

7 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Critical Thinking and Problem- Solving Strategies Have a positive attitude Ask questions Persistence pays off Use creativity Pay attention to details

8 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Critical Thinking and Problem- Solving Strategies See all sides of the issue Use reasoning  Inductive reasoning  Deductive reasoning “The value of a problem is not so much coming up with the answer as in the ideas and attempted ideas it forces on the would-be solver.” I. N. Herstein Mathematician

9 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Common Errors In Judgment Stereotypes All-or-nothing thinking Snap judgments Unwarranted assumptions Projection

10 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Common Errors In Judgment Sweeping generalizations Halo effect Negative labeling “It’s not what you look at that matters, it’s what you see.” Henry David Thoreau Author

11 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Creative Problem Solving Expect to be creative Challenge the rules Use games, puzzles, and humor Brainstorm Change mind-sets Change your routine

12 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Creative Problem Solving Use both sides of the brain Acknowledge your style Keep a journal Evaluate Support, acknowledge, and reward creativity Allow failure Practice and be persistent

13 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Math And Science Applications Problem-solving strategies for math and science –Make a model or diagram –Draw, illustrate, and make tables, charts, or lists –Look for patterns and connections –Act out the problem

14 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Math And Science Applications –Simplify –Translate words into equations –Estimate, make a reasonable guess, check the guess, and revise –Work backwards and eliminate –Summarize in a group –Take a quiet break

15 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Math And Science Applications Overcome math and science anxiety Do your prep work Keep up and review often Discipline yourself Study in groups Have a positive attitude Dispute the myths Ask for help

16 McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Peak Performance: Success In College And Beyond Chapter 10 Become a Critical Thinker and Creative Problem Solver


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