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Ch. 18: The Enlightenment & the American Revolution Enlightenment as the result of the Scientific Method (1600’s – 1700’s)

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 18: The Enlightenment & the American Revolution Enlightenment as the result of the Scientific Method (1600’s – 1700’s)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 18: The Enlightenment & the American Revolution Enlightenment as the result of the Scientific Method (1600’s – 1700’s)

2 Intro. Activity What is the direction and speed in mph of a fastball traveling from the front of a plane to the back of the plane as observed from a person on the ground? The plane is traveling at 400 mph from east to west The ball is traveling at 90 mph from west to east

3 400 mph 90 mph To the guy on the ground, the ball is traveling 310 mph from east to west (400 mph – 90 mph = 310 mph) Whoa! That’s awesom e dude!

4 1. Theory of Copernicus Unlike Ptolemy (who believed that the earth was the center of the universe), Copernicus believed that our sun was the center of the universe

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7 2. Galileo What did he build? The first telescope What did he see with it? The planets revolved around the sun How did it reinforce the beliefs of Copernicus? Supports a ‘sun-centered’ universe

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10 3. Roman Catholic Church How did it view these new scientific views? The church did not support this new scientific way of thinking Through the Inquisition, the Church forced Galileo to recant his findings Why do you think the Church held this view? These new scientific theories came up with ‘rational’, ‘scientific-based’ explanations for things that occur in nature as opposed to God These views diminished the importance of God/religion

11 4. Define the Scientific Method and identify it’s 5 steps The study of the natural world through direct observation and experimentation 5 steps: 1st step – create a research question 2nd step – form a hypothesis 3rd step – test hypothesis 4th step – analyze data 5th step – prove/disprove hypothesis

12 In-Class Activity/Homework: Respond to these new scientific theories from the following perspectives: A Church clergyman A scientific thinker For each perspective, write 3 to 5 sentences either supporting these new scientific views or arguing against them Assessment: 10pts. 5 pts. for clergy perspective 5 pts. for scientific thinker perspective


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