Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Hearing / Pronunciation--Problems and Solutions Adapted from presentations for The English Pronunciation Transcription Association And The Ibaraki Prefecture.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Hearing / Pronunciation--Problems and Solutions Adapted from presentations for The English Pronunciation Transcription Association And The Ibaraki Prefecture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hearing / Pronunciation--Problems and Solutions Adapted from presentations for The English Pronunciation Transcription Association And The Ibaraki Prefecture Board of Education Frank Berberich Tokiwa University Department of English and American Studies

2 What is Hearing / Pronunciation? Why teach it? Some physiology and psychology Language pairs – Japanese-English Five problems in the J-E language pair Some solutions Today’s plan

3 Some Physiology and Psychology –The auditory system –Perception and cognition The telephone theory The continuum theory –Categorical perception

4 The Auditory System

5 Some Physiology and Psychology –The auditory system –Perception and cognition The telephone theory The continuum theory –Categorical perception

6 The telephone theory A direct link from sensor to thinker The continuum theory Processing happens along the path between the sensor and thinker Perception and cognition

7 The Auditory System A continuum of change change

8 Some Physiology and Psychology –The auditory system –Perception and cognition The telephone theory The continuum theory –Categorical perception

9 VVV???BBBBBBBBB??GGGGGGGGGGGG??YY?OOORRRRRRRR What is green, blue? Categorical Perception Categorical perception of color

10

11 Discrimination-- same or different? Recognition-- /ba/, /ga/, or /ba/?

12 J-E /r/ /l/ Recognition-- “It’s [ra].” Discrimination-- Same or different? /ra//la/

13 Change about 10 months

14

15 When change Hin/Sal > E-kids

16 Chinchilla

17 What is Hearing / Pronunciation? Why teach it? Some physiology and psychology Language pairs – Japanese-English Five problems in the J-E pair Some solutions

18 Language Pairs J K E D JE

19 What is Hearing / Pronunciation? Why teach it? Some physiology and psychology Language pairs – Japanese-English Five problems in the J-E pair Some solutions

20 Five problems in the J - E pair –English speech and writing are different ghoti  / ?/ linking: This is a book  / thi si za book / –Phonemes (sounds) --- /th/, /l/, /sh/, /s/ –The “extra” vowel -- /thi su i su a boo ku/ –The second language of Japan and カタ カナ -- カメラ or カムラ ? –Rhythm and timing -- "The CAT is ON the MAT"

21 What is Hearing / Pronunciation? Why teach it? Some physiology and psychology Language pairs – Japanese-English Five problems in the J-E pair Some solutions

22 –Phonics –Contrastive pairs -- the pointing game –Preparation sounds -- /t/  /l/ –Cutting the “extra” vowel -- a famous word –Counting syllables -- poetry –Dictation -- a little different way

23 Examples of Phonics

24 Some solutions –Phonics –Contrastive pairs -- the pointing game –Preparation sounds -- /t/  /l/ –Cutting the “extra” vowel -- a famous word –Counting syllables -- poetry –Dictation -- a little different way

25 The pointing game (1) (2) she sheep shield sheen sheer see seep sealed seen sear

26 Some solutions –Phonics –Contrastive pairs -- the pointing game –Preparation sounds -- /t/  /l/ –Cutting the “extra” vowel -- a famous word –Counting syllables -- poetry –Dictation -- a little different way

27 Using Japanese preparations for English sounds To make an English /th/ (‘the’) sound, prepare with Japanese / タ /, loosen, aspirate, voice For /l/, prepare with / タ /, loosen, voice, vowel For /r/, prepare with / カ /, loosen,voice

28 Question: What are some “ big payoff ” sounds?

29 Those that are: frequent not in Japanese

30 Question: What are some “ big payoff ” sounds? Those that are: frequent not in Japanese Examples: /th/, /v/, /f/, /s/, ….

31 Some solutions –Phonics –Contrastive pairs -- the pointing game –Preparation sounds -- /t/ --> /l/ –Cutting the “extra” vowel -- a famous word –Counting syllables -- poetry –Dictation -- a little different way

32

33

34

35 Two versions of a famous word

36 Some solutions –Phonics –Contrastive pairs -- the pointing game –Preparation sounds -- /t/ --> /l/ –Cutting the “extra” vowel -- a famous word –Counting syllables -- poetry –Dictation -- a little different way

37 A Poem Twinkle, twinkle little star, How I wonder what you are. Up above the earth so high, Like a diamond in the sky. ^ --- ^ --- ^

38 Some solutions –Phonics –Contrastive pairs -- the pointing game –Preparation sounds -- /t/ --> /l/ –Cutting the “extra” vowel -- a famous word –Counting syllables -- poetry –Dictation – you know this…

39 Hearing / Pronunciation--Problems and Solutions THANK YOU! Frank Berberich Tokiwa University Department of English and American Studies


Download ppt "Hearing / Pronunciation--Problems and Solutions Adapted from presentations for The English Pronunciation Transcription Association And The Ibaraki Prefecture."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google