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Welcome Honors!  Do Now: silently read over Philosophy of Life paper requirements  Today’s Task: –Introduction to Philosophy of Life Paper –Review deadlines.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome Honors!  Do Now: silently read over Philosophy of Life paper requirements  Today’s Task: –Introduction to Philosophy of Life Paper –Review deadlines."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome Honors!  Do Now: silently read over Philosophy of Life paper requirements  Today’s Task: –Introduction to Philosophy of Life Paper –Review deadlines on calendar –Basic introduction to Philosophers and Philosophies –Basic MLA Works Cited Reminder Homework: Collaborative powerpoint due Monday.

2 Philosophy of Life 12H Due Dates! Collaborative Powerpoint of sources – 5 March. Handouts – 9 March. Works Cited – 16 March (quiz grade). Rough draft (4 pages) – 19 March MAKE MEETINGS FOR EXTRA HELP: MARCH page nearly completed draft – 2 April FINAL DRAFT – 4 April

3 Welcome Seniors!  Do Now: silently read over annotated bibliography handout  Today’s Task: –Introduction to Philosophy of Life Paper –Review deadlines on calendar –Basic introduction to Philosophers and Philosophies –Basic MLA Works Cited Reminder Homework: Annotated Bibliography due 3/8

4 Philosophy of Life CP Due Dates! Annotated Bibliography of 6-8 sources – 8 March. Eternal Questions AND Issues Handouts – 8 March. Works Cited – 14 March (quiz grade). Rough draft (4 pages) – 19 March 8-9 page nearly completed draft – 2 April FINAL DRAFT – 4 April

5 That’s my philosophy Philosophical Movements and Great Thinkers

6 Aestheticism  Art for art’s sake  Art is isolation (no morals, politics, etc.)  Beauty is everything  Major thinkers: Oscar Wilde

7 Deconstruction  Tear down/destroy  There is no right/wrong meaning. There is only interpretation  Exploring how cultural norms and binaries create tension  Major Thinkers: Derrida, Heidegger

8 Determinism  Everything is explainable  Existence has a purpose  The world is governed by purpose and natural law  Major thinker: John Earman, most scientists

9 Egoism  Psychological: our own welfare is most important to us  Ethical: our morals create our self- interest  Rational: we do things to benefit ourselves.  Me, me, me.

10 Epistemology  Focused on creation and dissemination of knowledge  What is knowledge?  How is knowledge justified?

11 Ethics  Analysis of right and wrong –Metaethics: where our ideas of right and wrong come from  Example: Friedrich Nietzsche … argued that the superhuman creates his or her morality distinct from and in reaction to the slave-like value system of the masses.

12 Existentialism  Existence is everything  Science etc. cannot explain myself  Existence precedes essence  Subjectivity is the truth  Major Thinkers: Sartre, de Beauvoir, Camus, Heidegger, Kafka, Kierkegaard

13 Free Will  Our ability to make decisions  Often combined with our ability to make moral decisions/to be aware of consequences  There are major arguments regarding whether humans are actually free  Major Thinker: Descartes

14 Humanism  The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained both all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life and the best models for a powerful Latin style.  Loved: Aristotle, Petrarch, Cicero, Augustine, etc.

15 Logic  Aristotle, Aristotle, Aristotle  Inductive and Deductive reasoning  Arguments, assertions, and mathematical thinking  Things exist out of necessity  If x=y and y=z, then x=z

16 Marxism  Begun largely after the publication of Marx and Engel’s The Communist Manifesto  Aka Scientific Socialism  Core of Communism  Based on Hegel’s notion of binaries (have v. have-not’s)

17 Nihilism  Value is non-existent  Nothing can be understood  A pessimistic theory  Usually associated with anarchists  Aimed at destruction of falsehoods (falsehoods=everything)  Major thinking: Nietzsche

18 Objectivism  Each person has the right to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness – individual freedom is the core of objectivism  The nature of things is objective: the human ideas are separate from existence. Existence exists. (A butterfly is not a butterfly because we think it is. It is a butterfly because it is a butterfly.)

19 Pedagogy of the Oppressed!  Major thinker: Paulo Freire  The banking theory of education is nonsense  there is no blank slate/sponges in education. All bring intellect and experience.  To release from oppression, all must be educated and all must be aware of their potential to educate

20 Phenomenology  Studies structures of experience and consciousness  Examines intentionality –Why did I do that?  Analyzes perception  Major thinkers: Hume, Kant, Derrida

21 Pragmatism  focuses on facts and not emotions or opinions  all ideas must be tested before proven valid  practical  We think to guide our actions  Popular Pragmatist: John Dewey (educational philosophy)

22 Relativism  All moralities are equally good  Opinion is connected to perspective  No one perspective is better than others  Popular Relativist: most philosophers deny it

23 Stoicism  Stoic Logic: –knowledge is based on senses –truth is based on knowledge –there is no one truth –Make decisions based on the physical and real world –pushes freedom from anger and jealousy  Major Thinkers: Seneca

24 Taoism/Daoism  Chinese  goal: to obtain harmony with nature –befriend, not abuse nature –lose dependency on materialism  Yin-yang. Universe exists as balanced. We should strive towards balance.  Major Thinkers: Lao-Tzu, Winnie the Pooh

25 So you want to write about… Truth Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Hegel, Nietzsche Family Plato, Rousseau, most world religions (honor thy mother and father), Maslov, Freud Education Freire, Dewey, Rousseau, Aquinas, Socrates, de Montaigne, Montessori, Maslov, Piaget, Bloom, Maria Montessori, Maxine Greene, InterpersonalRelationships Plato, Maslov, most world religions, Freud, Aristotle (divided into 3 types of friendships), Doris Lessing

26 So you want to write about… Adolescence & Maturation Piaget, Mead, J.K. Feibleman Beauty and/or Art Aesthetics, Hegel, Hume, Duchamp, “Why I Hate Beauty” (article from Psychology Today), Shakespeare, Keats, Heidegger, Banksy, Fairey Environmental Issues Thoreau, Emerson, Edward Abbey, Al Gore, Jane Goodall Work/Career St. Paul, Marx, Ford, Trump, Gandhi, Franklin, Emerson, Thoreau, Jane Addams

27 So you want to write about… Peace The Dalai Lama, Steve Biko, Chief Joseph, Lao Tzu, Jesus, Buddha, Confucius, Mother Theresa Protest, Activism, and Politics Thoreau, Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr., Bob Dylan, Thomas Jefferson Feminism Betty Freidan, bell hooks, Sojourner Truth, Jeremy Bentham, Gloria Steinem Science Einstein, Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould, Shubin, Hawking, Hippocrates, Fleming, Pasteur, Curie

28 Homework due Friday  Annotated bibliography of 4 sources –2 for your philosopher –2 for your philosophy  Eternal Philosophical Questions  Issues


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