Presentation on theme: "Welcome Honors! Do Now: silently read over Philosophy of Life paper requirements Today’s Task: –Introduction to Philosophy of Life Paper –Review deadlines."— Presentation transcript:
Welcome Honors! Do Now: silently read over Philosophy of Life paper requirements Today’s Task: –Introduction to Philosophy of Life Paper –Review deadlines on calendar –Basic introduction to Philosophers and Philosophies –Basic MLA Works Cited Reminder Homework: Collaborative powerpoint due Monday.
Philosophy of Life 12H Due Dates! Collaborative Powerpoint of sources – 5 March. Handouts – 9 March. Works Cited – 16 March (quiz grade). Rough draft (4 pages) – 19 March MAKE MEETINGS FOR EXTRA HELP: MARCH page nearly completed draft – 2 April FINAL DRAFT – 4 April
Welcome Seniors! Do Now: silently read over annotated bibliography handout Today’s Task: –Introduction to Philosophy of Life Paper –Review deadlines on calendar –Basic introduction to Philosophers and Philosophies –Basic MLA Works Cited Reminder Homework: Annotated Bibliography due 3/8
Philosophy of Life CP Due Dates! Annotated Bibliography of 6-8 sources – 8 March. Eternal Questions AND Issues Handouts – 8 March. Works Cited – 14 March (quiz grade). Rough draft (4 pages) – 19 March 8-9 page nearly completed draft – 2 April FINAL DRAFT – 4 April
That’s my philosophy Philosophical Movements and Great Thinkers
Aestheticism Art for art’s sake Art is isolation (no morals, politics, etc.) Beauty is everything Major thinkers: Oscar Wilde
Deconstruction Tear down/destroy There is no right/wrong meaning. There is only interpretation Exploring how cultural norms and binaries create tension Major Thinkers: Derrida, Heidegger
Determinism Everything is explainable Existence has a purpose The world is governed by purpose and natural law Major thinker: John Earman, most scientists
Egoism Psychological: our own welfare is most important to us Ethical: our morals create our self- interest Rational: we do things to benefit ourselves. Me, me, me.
Epistemology Focused on creation and dissemination of knowledge What is knowledge? How is knowledge justified?
Ethics Analysis of right and wrong –Metaethics: where our ideas of right and wrong come from Example: Friedrich Nietzsche … argued that the superhuman creates his or her morality distinct from and in reaction to the slave-like value system of the masses.
Existentialism Existence is everything Science etc. cannot explain myself Existence precedes essence Subjectivity is the truth Major Thinkers: Sartre, de Beauvoir, Camus, Heidegger, Kafka, Kierkegaard
Free Will Our ability to make decisions Often combined with our ability to make moral decisions/to be aware of consequences There are major arguments regarding whether humans are actually free Major Thinker: Descartes
Humanism The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained both all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life and the best models for a powerful Latin style. Loved: Aristotle, Petrarch, Cicero, Augustine, etc.
Logic Aristotle, Aristotle, Aristotle Inductive and Deductive reasoning Arguments, assertions, and mathematical thinking Things exist out of necessity If x=y and y=z, then x=z
Marxism Begun largely after the publication of Marx and Engel’s The Communist Manifesto Aka Scientific Socialism Core of Communism Based on Hegel’s notion of binaries (have v. have-not’s)
Nihilism Value is non-existent Nothing can be understood A pessimistic theory Usually associated with anarchists Aimed at destruction of falsehoods (falsehoods=everything) Major thinking: Nietzsche
Objectivism Each person has the right to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness – individual freedom is the core of objectivism The nature of things is objective: the human ideas are separate from existence. Existence exists. (A butterfly is not a butterfly because we think it is. It is a butterfly because it is a butterfly.)
Pedagogy of the Oppressed! Major thinker: Paulo Freire The banking theory of education is nonsense there is no blank slate/sponges in education. All bring intellect and experience. To release from oppression, all must be educated and all must be aware of their potential to educate
Phenomenology Studies structures of experience and consciousness Examines intentionality –Why did I do that? Analyzes perception Major thinkers: Hume, Kant, Derrida
Pragmatism focuses on facts and not emotions or opinions all ideas must be tested before proven valid practical We think to guide our actions Popular Pragmatist: John Dewey (educational philosophy)
Relativism All moralities are equally good Opinion is connected to perspective No one perspective is better than others Popular Relativist: most philosophers deny it
Stoicism Stoic Logic: –knowledge is based on senses –truth is based on knowledge –there is no one truth –Make decisions based on the physical and real world –pushes freedom from anger and jealousy Major Thinkers: Seneca
Taoism/Daoism Chinese goal: to obtain harmony with nature –befriend, not abuse nature –lose dependency on materialism Yin-yang. Universe exists as balanced. We should strive towards balance. Major Thinkers: Lao-Tzu, Winnie the Pooh
So you want to write about… Truth Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Hegel, Nietzsche Family Plato, Rousseau, most world religions (honor thy mother and father), Maslov, Freud Education Freire, Dewey, Rousseau, Aquinas, Socrates, de Montaigne, Montessori, Maslov, Piaget, Bloom, Maria Montessori, Maxine Greene, InterpersonalRelationships Plato, Maslov, most world religions, Freud, Aristotle (divided into 3 types of friendships), Doris Lessing
So you want to write about… Adolescence & Maturation Piaget, Mead, J.K. Feibleman Beauty and/or Art Aesthetics, Hegel, Hume, Duchamp, “Why I Hate Beauty” (article from Psychology Today), Shakespeare, Keats, Heidegger, Banksy, Fairey Environmental Issues Thoreau, Emerson, Edward Abbey, Al Gore, Jane Goodall Work/Career St. Paul, Marx, Ford, Trump, Gandhi, Franklin, Emerson, Thoreau, Jane Addams
So you want to write about… Peace The Dalai Lama, Steve Biko, Chief Joseph, Lao Tzu, Jesus, Buddha, Confucius, Mother Theresa Protest, Activism, and Politics Thoreau, Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr., Bob Dylan, Thomas Jefferson Feminism Betty Freidan, bell hooks, Sojourner Truth, Jeremy Bentham, Gloria Steinem Science Einstein, Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould, Shubin, Hawking, Hippocrates, Fleming, Pasteur, Curie
Homework due Friday Annotated bibliography of 4 sources –2 for your philosopher –2 for your philosophy Eternal Philosophical Questions Issues