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Do standardized tests penalize deep- thinking, creative, or conscientious students? By Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. Elspeth Carden Priya Tharayil Therese.

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Presentation on theme: "Do standardized tests penalize deep- thinking, creative, or conscientious students? By Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. Elspeth Carden Priya Tharayil Therese."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Do standardized tests penalize deep- thinking, creative, or conscientious students? By Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. Elspeth Carden Priya Tharayil Therese Zettel Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. (2004). Do standardized tests penalize deep-thinking, creative, or conscientious students? Some personality correlates of Graduate Record Examinations test scores. Intelligence,

3 GRE Criticisms- an attack on standardized testing Standardized tests emphasize broad coverage of content at the expense of depth and creativity (Hoffman, 1962)  Superficial vs. deep thinking.  Disadvantage critical and creative thinkers

4 GRE Criticisms- an attack on standardized testing  Tests tap only a very narrow set of skills and abilities  do not reflect traits important for success in academia or elsewhere (Reich, 2001) Does not measure out of the box thinking

5 Does the GRE screen out applicants with these characteristics?  Is the GRE dichotomous? either good grades and high test scores OR have common sense, and make sound decisions  Does the GRE punish people for being creative?

6 The Purpose of the Study  Provide evidence regarding the relationship of selected personality traits to GRE scores Intelligence related personality traits measured: conscientiousness, rationality, ingenuity, quickness, creativity, depth

7 Sample  342 students volunteered  77%women  49% white, 21% African American, 14% Asian America, 16% Hispanic

8 Method  Participants took several short tests of analytical and logical reasoning skills  Participants also completed numerous self-report inventories

9 Results-1  GRE score correlated strongest with creativity  Quickness was the second strongest trait correlated with GRE score Perhaps the test privileges test takers who work rapidly

10 Results-2  GRE score correlated slightly negatively but significantly with conscientiousness

11 Critique of Results  The authors did not define how many logical and analytical tests were taken  Unclear as to whether the amount of tests taken by participants was necessary

12 Critique of Results  Study sample was not representative of GRE test taking population  The study required a battery of tests, leaving only the most diligent test takers as participants

13 Conclusion  Creativity was significantly correlated to the GRE  Quickness was the second significantly correlated trait  Conscientiousness was significantly but slightly negatively correlated with GRE

14 Comments Thank you! Any Questions? Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. (2004). Do standardized tests penalize deep-thinking, creative, or conscientious students? Some personality correlates of Graduate Record Examinations test scores. Intelligence,


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