Do standardized tests penalize deep- thinking, creative, or conscientious students? By Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. Elspeth Carden Priya Tharayil Therese Zettel Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. (2004). Do standardized tests penalize deep-thinking, creative, or conscientious students? Some personality correlates of Graduate Record Examinations test scores. Intelligence, 32 145-53.
GRE Criticisms- an attack on standardized testing Standardized tests emphasize broad coverage of content at the expense of depth and creativity (Hoffman, 1962) Superficial vs. deep thinking. Disadvantage critical and creative thinkers
GRE Criticisms- an attack on standardized testing Tests tap only a very narrow set of skills and abilities do not reflect traits important for success in academia or elsewhere (Reich, 2001) Does not measure out of the box thinking
Does the GRE screen out applicants with these characteristics? Is the GRE dichotomous? either good grades and high test scores OR have common sense, and make sound decisions Does the GRE punish people for being creative?
The Purpose of the Study Provide evidence regarding the relationship of selected personality traits to GRE scores Intelligence related personality traits measured: conscientiousness, rationality, ingenuity, quickness, creativity, depth
Sample 342 students volunteered 77%women 49% white, 21% African American, 14% Asian America, 16% Hispanic
Method Participants took several short tests of analytical and logical reasoning skills Participants also completed numerous self-report inventories
Results-1 GRE score correlated strongest with creativity Quickness was the second strongest trait correlated with GRE score Perhaps the test privileges test takers who work rapidly
Results-2 GRE score correlated slightly negatively but significantly with conscientiousness
Critique of Results The authors did not define how many logical and analytical tests were taken Unclear as to whether the amount of tests taken by participants was necessary
Critique of Results Study sample was not representative of GRE test taking population The study required a battery of tests, leaving only the most diligent test takers as participants
Conclusion Creativity was significantly correlated to the GRE Quickness was the second significantly correlated trait Conscientiousness was significantly but slightly negatively correlated with GRE
Comments Thank you! Any Questions? Powers, D.E., & Kaufman, J.C. (2004). Do standardized tests penalize deep-thinking, creative, or conscientious students? Some personality correlates of Graduate Record Examinations test scores. Intelligence, 32 145-153.