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Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training www.deet.nt.gov.au Reflection Quotes ‘I hear and I forget. I see and I remember.

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Presentation on theme: "Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training www.deet.nt.gov.au Reflection Quotes ‘I hear and I forget. I see and I remember."— Presentation transcript:

1 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Reflection Quotes ‘I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.’ Old Chinese proverb! “Children do not just passively take in information from the world around them and learn it; rather, they actively transform it into something that is unique and personally meaningful. They use their experience as the context for building new meanings and skills onto what they have already learnt.” Levin 1996:74 in Dau,E Child’s Play 2001:7 REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches

2 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training ACTIVE LEARNING: THEORY APPROACHES FRAMEWORKS REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development

3 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Learning Theories Learning Approaches Frameworks that support Learning REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development

4 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Brain StageStage of Intelligence Cognitive per Piaget Emotional per Erikson Needs per Maslow Moral per Kohlberg Spiritual per Steiner ReptilianPhysical: Bonding and Attachment Sensori motorTrust V. Mistrust Survival, Safety Goodness Orientation Paleo - mammilian Emotional: Relationship PreoperationalAutonomy V. Shame Love and Affection Punishment & Obedience Beauty Orientation Neo- mammilian Thought: Concrete Concrete Operational Initiative Industry BelongingInstrumental Interpersonal Truth orientation Anterior Cortex Thought: Abstract Formal operational IdentityEsteemSocietalSoul orientation Mind - HeartHeart: Compassion IntimacyActualisationPrincipledSpiritual orientation Developmental stages – Five Views Tim Burns, Our Children, Our Future, USA 1991 REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development

5 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Modes – Learning Styles REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development VisualAuditoryKinesthetic A person's learning style is the consistent way in which a learner perceives, conceptualises, organises and recalls information. Each of us has a preferred way to learn.

6 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Visual:AuditoryKinesthetic v Learns by seeing and imagining v Speaks quickly v Is a good speller v Good visual memory v Remembers what was seen v Highly organised v Observant v Visual association to memorise v Fluent and fast reader v Less distracted by noise more by physical surrounds v Prefers art to music v Appearance oriented v Difficulty remembering verbal cues v Good long range planner v Learns by hearing and verbalising v Medium speech and rhythmical v Phonetic speller v Remembers verbal instruction v Memorises by steps, procedures or sequence v Mouths words in silent reading v Easily distracted by noise v Likes music v Speaks clearly and confidently v Often talks to self v Better speaker than writer v Difficulties with spatial awareness v Doer, toucher, mover and manipulator v Often has trouble with spelling v Remembers overall impression of experience v Points when reading v Appears restless in long passive periods v Needs to interact with environment v Responds to physical rewards v Touches for attention and close personal space v Moves and gestures a lot v Responds physically REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development

7 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Theories of Intelligence REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development Intelligence means the ability to learn.

8 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Examples of Approaches Higher Order Thinking Inquiry Learning Discovery Learning Montessori Steiner Reggio Emilia Project Based Play Based Learning Emergent Curriculum REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development

9 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Examples of Frameworks Multiple Intelligences DeBono’s Six Hats Habits of Mind Graphic Organisers Bloom’s Taxonomy REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development Tribes TLC Thinker’s Keys

10 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Recall of facts or information Use criteria to judge value of ideas and information Put ideas together to create a new or unique product Explore understandings through integral parts Use learned knowledge, rule or method in a different situation Demonstrate understanding of information REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development Cognitive Taxonomy Benjamin Bloom

11 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Blue Hat Managing The Thinking Setting The Focus Making Summaries Overviews  Conclusions Action Plans Green Hat Creative Thinking Possibilities  Alternatives New Ideas  New Concepts Black Hat Why It May Not Work Cautions  Dangers Problems  Faults Logical Reasons Must Be Given Yellow Hat Why It May Work Values & Benefits (Both Known & Potential) The Good In It Red Hat Feelings & Intuition Emotions Or Hunches “At This Point” No Reasons or Justification Keep It Short White Hat Information & Data Neutral & Objective Checked & Believed Facts Missing Information & Where To Source It FOCUS REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development Facts Positive, optimism, constructive ideas Processes, definitions, boundaries & conclusions Creative adaptation, “outside the box” Opportunities alternatives Negative, flaws, faults Feelings & Intuition

12 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training "We learn more by looking for the answer to a question and not finding it than we do from learning the answer itself." (Lloyd Alexander) The keys are: The Reverse The What if The Disadvantages The Combination The BAR The Alphabet The Variations The Picture The Prediction The Different Uses The Ridiculous The Commonality The Question The Brainstorming The Inventions The Brick Wall The Construction The Forced Relationships The Alternative The Interpretation REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development Thinking is the Key!

13 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart") Multiple Intelligences Multiple intelligences explains how we learn best. We can use it to focus on our strengths or build on our weaknesses. Spatial intelligence ("picture smart") Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart" – physical experience) Musical intelligence ("music smart") Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart" – social experiences Intrapersonal intelligence ("self smart“) Linguistic intelligence ("word smart") Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart")

14 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Think Pair Share REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development Play Based Learning Me nowMy partnerTake away from group sharing Theory/ies Approach/es Framework/s

15 Northern Territory Government Department of Employment, Education and Training Exploring the Teacher’s Role through Teaching/Learning Model (A model of scaffolding) All Teacher Instruction modelling, demonstration etc… Joint Guided Practice gradual release of responsibility All Student Practice & Application Pearson & Gallagher, 1983 Proportion of responsibility for task completion REAL A is for Active Learning Approaches & L is for Language Development


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